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037
Publications

2022

3DupIC: An Underwater Scan Matching Method for Three-Dimensional Sonar Registration

Authors
Ferreira, A; Almeida, J; Martins, A; Matos, A; Silva, E;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
This work presents a six degrees of freedom probabilistic scan matching method for registration of 3D underwater sonar scans. Unlike previous works, where local submaps are built to overcome measurement sparsity, our solution develops scan matching directly from the raw sonar data. Our method, based on the probabilistic Iterative Correspondence (pIC), takes measurement uncertainty into consideration while developing the registration procedure. A new probabilistic sensor model was developed to compute the uncertainty of each scan measurement individually. Initial displacement guesses are obtained from a probabilistic dead reckoning approach, also detailed in this document. Experiments, based on real data, demonstrate superior robustness and accuracy of our method with respect to the popular ICP algorithm. An improved trajectory is obtained by integration of scan matching updates in the localization data fusion algorithm, resulting in a substantial reduction of the original dead reckoning drift.

2021

Autonomous High-Resolution Image Acquisition System for Plankton

Authors
Resende, J; Barbosa, P; Almeida, J; Martins, A;

Publication
2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC)

Abstract

2021

Emergency Landing Spot Detection Algorithm for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Authors
Loureiro, G; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J;

Publication
REMOTE SENSING

Abstract
The use and research of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) have been increasing over the years due to the applicability in several operations such as search and rescue, delivery, surveillance, and others. Considering the increased presence of these vehicles in the airspace, it becomes necessary to reflect on the safety issues or failures that the UAVs may have and the appropriate action. Moreover, in many missions, the vehicle will not return to its original location. If it fails to arrive at the landing spot, it needs to have the onboard capability to estimate the best area to safely land. This paper addresses the scenario of detecting a safe landing spot during operation. The algorithm classifies the incoming Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data and store the location of suitable areas. The developed method analyses geometric features on point cloud data and detects potential right spots. The algorithm uses the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to find planes in point cloud clusters. The areas that have a slope less than a threshold are considered potential landing spots. These spots are evaluated regarding ground and vehicle conditions such as the distance to the UAV, the presence of obstacles, the area’s roughness, and the spot’s slope. Finally, the output of the algorithm is the optimum spot to land and can vary during operation. The proposed approach evaluates the algorithm in simulated scenarios and an experimental dataset presenting suitability to be applied in real-time operations.

2020

Teaching robotics with a simulator environment developed for the autonomous driving competition

Authors
Fernandes, D; Pinheiro, F; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J; Silva, E;

Publication
ROBOTICS IN EDUCATION: CURRENT RESEARCH AND INNOVATIONS

Abstract
Teaching robotics based on challenge of our daily lives is always more motivating for students and teachers. Several competitions of self-driving have emerged recently, challenging students and researchers to develop solutions addressing the autonomous driving systems. The Portuguese Festival Nacional de Robótica (FNR) Autonomous Driving Competition is one of those examples. Even though the competition is an exciting challenger, it requires the development of real robots, which implies several limitations that may discourage the students and compromise a fluid teaching process. The simulation can contribute to overcome this limitation and can assume an important role as a tool, providing an effortless and costless solution, allowing students and researchers to keep their focus on the main issues. This paper presents a simulation environment for FNR, providing an overall framework able to support the exploration of robotics topics like perception, navigation, data fusion and deep learning based on the autonomous driving competition. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

2020

Real-time GNSS precise positioning: RTKLIB for ROS

Authors
Ferreira, A; Matias, B; Almeida, J; Silva, E;

Publication
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED ROBOTIC SYSTEMS

Abstract
The global navigation satellite system (GNSS) constitutes an effective and affordable solution to the outdoor positioning problem. When combined with precise positioning techniques, such as the real time kinematic (RTK), centimeter-level positioning accuracy becomes a reality. Such performance is suitable for a whole new range of demanding applications, including high-accuracy field robotics operations. The RTKRCV, part of the RTKLIB package, is one of the most popular open-source solutions for real-time GNSS precise positioning. Yet the lack of integration with the robot operating system (ROS), constitutes a limitation on its adoption by the robotics community. This article addresses this limitation, reporting a new implementation which brings the RTKRCV capabilities into ROS. New features, including ROS publishing and control over a ROS service, were introduced seamlessly, to ensure full compatibility with all original options. Additionally, a new observation synchronization scheme improves solution consistency, particularly relevant for the moving-baseline positioning mode. Real application examples are presented to demonstrate the advantages of our rtkrcv_ros package. For community benefit, the software was released as an open-source package.

Supervised
thesis

2018

Calibração dos parâmetros extrı́nsecos de um LiDAR num UAV

Author
ANDRÉ FILIPE MARTINS FERREIRA

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2018

Real-Time LiDAR-based Power Lines Detection for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Author
FÁBIO ANDRÉ COSTA AZEVEDO

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2018

Implementação e Teste de Algoritmos de Planeamento e Escalonamento para Frotas AGV

Author
MÁRCIA MARTINS COSTA

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2018

Análise comparativa entre métodos de Northseeking para veículo de mineração subaquática

Author
CAIO TEIXEIRA LOMBA

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2017

Método visual de deteção de linhas elétricas para veículos aéreos não tripulados

Author
TIAGO ANDRÉ MIRANDA DOS SANTOS

Institution
IPP-ISEP