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About

Born at Porto, Portugal, November 7, 1962, graduated with a degree in Electrical Engineering  from the University of Porto in 1986. He then pursued graduate studies at the University of Porto, completing a M.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering - Systems in 1991 and a Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering in 1998. From1986 to 1998 he also worked as an assistant lecturer in the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Porto. He is currently an Associated Professor in Electrical Engineering, developing his research within the Robotic and Intelligent Systems Centre of INESC TEC (Centre Coordinator). His main research areas are Process Control and Robotics.

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

046
Publications

2021

Robust human position estimation in cooperative robotic cells

Authors
Amorim, A; Guimares, D; Mendona, T; Neto, P; Costa, P; Moreira, AP;

Publication
ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING

Abstract
Robots are increasingly present in our lives, sharing the workspace and tasks with human co-workers. However, existing interfaces for human-robot interaction / cooperation (HRI/C) have limited levels of intuitiveness to use and safety is a major concern when humans and robots share the same workspace. Many times, this is due to the lack of a reliable estimation of the human pose in space which is the primary input to calculate the human-robot minimum distance (required for safety and collision avoidance) and HRI/C featuring machine learning algorithms classifying human behaviours / gestures. Each sensor type has its own characteristics resulting in problems such as occlusions (vision) and drift (inertial) when used in an isolated fashion. In this paper, it is proposed a combined system that merges the human tracking provided by a 3D vision sensor with the pose estimation provided by a set of inertial measurement units (IMUs) placed in human body limbs. The IMUs compensate the gaps in occluded areas to have tracking continuity. To mitigate the lingering effects of the IMU offset we propose a continuous online calculation of the offset value. Experimental tests were designed to simulate human motion in a human-robot collaborative environment where the robot moves away to avoid unexpected collisions with de human. Results indicate that our approach is able to capture the human's position, for example the forearm, with a precision in the millimetre range and robustness to occlusions.

2021

Reconfigurable Grasp Planning Pipeline with Grasp Synthesis and Selection Applied to Picking Operations in Aerospace Factories

Authors
Carvalho de Souza, JPC; Costa, CM; Rocha, LF; Arrais, R; Paulo Moreira, AP; Solteiro Pires, EJS; Boaventura Cunha, J;

Publication
Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing

Abstract

2021

Autonomous wheelchair for patient’s transportation on healthcare institutions

Authors
Baltazar, AR; Petry, MR; Silva, MF; Moreira, AP;

Publication
SN Applied Sciences

Abstract
AbstractThe transport of patients from the inpatient service to the operating room is a recurrent task in a hospital routine. This task is repetitive, non-ergonomic, time consuming, and requires the labor of patient transporters. In this paper is presented a system, named Connected Driverless Wheelchair, that can receive transportation requests directly from the hospital information management system, pick up patients at their beds, navigate autonomously through different floors, avoid obstacles, communicate with elevators, and drop patients off at the designated operating room. As a result, a prototype capable of transporting patients autonomously in hospital environments was obtained. Although it was impossible to test the final developed system at the hospital as planned, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the extensive tests conducted at the robotics laboratory facilities, and our previous experience in integrating mobile robots in hospitals, allowed to conclude that it is perfectly prepared for this integration to be carried out. The achieved results are relevant since this is a system that may be applied to support these types of tasks in the future, making the transport of patients more efficient (both from a cost and time perspective), without unpredictable delays and, in some cases, safer.

2021

Extrinsic sensor calibration methods for mobile robots: A short review

Authors
Sousa, RB; Petry, MR; Moreira, AP;

Publication
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering

Abstract
Data acquisition is a critical task for localisation and perception of mobile robots. It is necessary to compute the relative pose between onboard sensors to process the data in a common frame. Thus, extrinsic calibration computes the sensor’s relative pose improving data consistency between them. This paper performs a literature review on extrinsic sensor calibration methods prioritising the most recent ones. The sensors types considered were laser scanners, cameras and IMUs. It was found methods for robot–laser, laser–laser, laser–camera, robot–camera, camera–camera, camera–IMU, IMU–IMU and laser–IMU calibration. The analysed methods allow the full calibration of a sensory system composed of lasers, cameras and IMUs. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021.

2021

Advances in Agriculture Robotics: A State-of-the-Art Review and Challenges Ahead

Authors
Oliveira, LFP; Moreira, AP; Silva, MF;

Publication
Robotics

Abstract
The constant advances in agricultural robotics aim to overcome the challenges imposed by population growth, accelerated urbanization, high competitiveness of high-quality products, environmental preservation and a lack of qualified labor. In this sense, this review paper surveys the main existing applications of agricultural robotic systems for the execution of land preparation before planting, sowing, planting, plant treatment, harvesting, yield estimation and phenotyping. In general, all robots were evaluated according to the following criteria: its locomotion system, what is the final application, if it has sensors, robotic arm and/or computer vision algorithm, what is its development stage and which country and continent they belong. After evaluating all similar characteristics, to expose the research trends, common pitfalls and the characteristics that hinder commercial development, and discover which countries are investing into Research and Development (R&D) in these technologies for the future, four major areas that need future research work for enhancing the state of the art in smart agriculture were highlighted: locomotion systems, sensors, computer vision algorithms and communication technologies. The results of this research suggest that the investment in agricultural robotic systems allows to achieve short—harvest monitoring—and long-term objectives—yield estimation.

Supervised
thesis

2020

Trustable Intelligent Decision Support for Enhancing Indusrial Digital Twins

Author
Flávia Georgina da Silva Pires

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Tackling robot bin picking problem towards flexible and collaborative robotic applications

Author
João Souza

Institution
UTAD

2020

Odometry and Extrinsic Sensor Calibration on Mobile Robots

Author
Ricardo Barbosa Sousa

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Autonomous Wheelchair to support Patients of Hospital Services

Author
André Rodrigues Baltazar

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Smart Tools for Agriculture Robotics

Author
André Rodrigues Baltazar

Institution
UP-FEUP