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033
Publications

2022

3DupIC: An Underwater Scan Matching Method for Three-Dimensional Sonar Registration

Authors
Ferreira, A; Almeida, J; Martins, A; Matos, A; Silva, E;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
This work presents a six degrees of freedom probabilistic scan matching method for registration of 3D underwater sonar scans. Unlike previous works, where local submaps are built to overcome measurement sparsity, our solution develops scan matching directly from the raw sonar data. Our method, based on the probabilistic Iterative Correspondence (pIC), takes measurement uncertainty into consideration while developing the registration procedure. A new probabilistic sensor model was developed to compute the uncertainty of each scan measurement individually. Initial displacement guesses are obtained from a probabilistic dead reckoning approach, also detailed in this document. Experiments, based on real data, demonstrate superior robustness and accuracy of our method with respect to the popular ICP algorithm. An improved trajectory is obtained by integration of scan matching updates in the localization data fusion algorithm, resulting in a substantial reduction of the original dead reckoning drift.

2022

An holistic monitoring system for measurement of the atmospheric electric field over the ocean - the SAIL campaign

Authors
Barbosa, S; Dias, N; Almeida, C; Amaral, G; Ferreira, A; Lima, L; Silva, I; Martins, A; Almeida, J; Camilo, M; Silva, E;

Publication
OCEANS 2022

Abstract
The atmospheric electric field is a key characteristic of the Earth system. Despite its relevance, oceanic measurements of the atmospheric electric field are scarce, as typically oceanic measurements tend to be focused on ocean properties rather than on the atmosphere above. This motivated the set-up of an innovative campaign on board the sail ship NRP Sagres focused on the measurement of the atmospheric electric field in the marine boundary layer. This paper describes the monitoring system that was developed to measure the atmospheric electric field during the planned circumnavigation expedition of the sail ship NRP Sagres.

2022

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Wind-Turbine Inspection. Next Step: Offshore

Authors
Dias, A; Almeida, J; Oliveira, A; Santos, T; Martins, A; Silva, E;

Publication
2022 OCEANS HAMPTON ROADS

Abstract
Offshore wind turbine application has been widespread in the last years, with an estimation that in 2030 will reach a total capacity of 234GW. Offshore wind farms introduce advantages in terms of environmental impact (noise, impact on birds, disrupted landscapes) and energy production (34% onshore and 43% offshore). Still, they also introduce scientific challenges in developing methodologies that allow wind farm inspection (preventive maintenance) safety for humans. This paper presents a UAV approach for autonomous inspection of inland windturbine and describes the field tests in Penela, Portugal. From the state-of-the-art available wind turbine inspection, in 2015, we carried out the first autonomous inspection with a UAV. The inspection of wind blades offshore is an ongoing project; therefore, the paper also presents the preliminary results with a simulation environment to validate the 3D LiDAR and the inspection procedure with new challenges effects: floating platform, wind gusts, and unknown initial blade position.

2021

Autonomous High-Resolution Image Acquisition System for Plankton

Authors
Resende, J; Barbosa, P; Almeida, J; Martins, A;

Publication
2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC)

Abstract
This paper presents a high-resolution imaging system developed for plankton imaging in the context of the MarinEye integrated biological sensor [1]. This sensor aims to produce an autonomous system for marine integrated physical, chemical and biological monitoring combining imaging, acoustic, sonar, and fraction filtration systems (coupled to DNA/RNA preservation) as well as sensors for targeting physical-chemical variables in a modular and compact system that can be deployed on fixed and mobile platforms, such as the TURTLE robotic deep sea lander [2]. The results obtained with the system both in laboratory conditions and in the field are presented and discussed, allowing the characterization and validation of the performance of the Autonomous High-Resolution Image Acquisition System for Plankton.

2021

Emergency Landing Spot Detection Algorithm for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Authors
Loureiro, G; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J;

Publication
REMOTE SENSING

Abstract
The use and research of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) have been increasing over the years due to the applicability in several operations such as search and rescue, delivery, surveillance, and others. Considering the increased presence of these vehicles in the airspace, it becomes necessary to reflect on the safety issues or failures that the UAVs may have and the appropriate action. Moreover, in many missions, the vehicle will not return to its original location. If it fails to arrive at the landing spot, it needs to have the onboard capability to estimate the best area to safely land. This paper addresses the scenario of detecting a safe landing spot during operation. The algorithm classifies the incoming Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data and store the location of suitable areas. The developed method analyses geometric features on point cloud data and detects potential right spots. The algorithm uses the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to find planes in point cloud clusters. The areas that have a slope less than a threshold are considered potential landing spots. These spots are evaluated regarding ground and vehicle conditions such as the distance to the UAV, the presence of obstacles, the area's roughness, and the spot's slope. Finally, the output of the algorithm is the optimum spot to land and can vary during operation. The proposed approach evaluates the algorithm in simulated scenarios and an experimental dataset presenting suitability to be applied in real-time operations.

Supervised
thesis

2022

Mapas Topológicos para Exploração Robótica de Minas Subterrâneas Submersas

Author
PEDRO MIGUEL SERRÃO DA VEIGA MARTINS

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2021

In situ real-time Zooplankton Detection and Classification

Author
PEDRO NUNO DE QUEIRÓS SALCEDAS DE CARVALHO GERALDES

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2020

Sistema Autónomo de Aquisição de Imagens de Alta Resolução de Plâncton

Author
JOÃO FILIPE AMORIM RESENDE

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2020

Interface Homem-Máquina Multi Robótica em Unity3D

Author
RUI RODRIGO SERRA FIGUEIRINHA

Institution
IPP-ISEP

2020

Sistema Autónomo de Recolha de Informação Genética para Meio Aquático

Author
PEDRO EMANUEL JORGE BARBOSA

Institution
IPP-ISEP