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Detalhes

Detalhes

027
Publicações

2021

Emergency Landing Spot Detection Algorithm for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Autores
Loureiro, G; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J;

Publicação
Remote Sensing

Abstract
The use and research of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) have been increasing over the years due to the applicability in several operations such as search and rescue, delivery, surveillance, and others. Considering the increased presence of these vehicles in the airspace, it becomes necessary to reflect on the safety issues or failures that the UAVs may have and the appropriate action. Moreover, in many missions, the vehicle will not return to its original location. If it fails to arrive at the landing spot, it needs to have the onboard capability to estimate the best area to safely land. This paper addresses the scenario of detecting a safe landing spot during operation. The algorithm classifies the incoming Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data and store the location of suitable areas. The developed method analyses geometric features on point cloud data and detects potential right spots. The algorithm uses the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to find planes in point cloud clusters. The areas that have a slope less than a threshold are considered potential landing spots. These spots are evaluated regarding ground and vehicle conditions such as the distance to the UAV, the presence of obstacles, the area’s roughness, and the spot’s slope. Finally, the output of the algorithm is the optimum spot to land and can vary during operation. The proposed approach evaluates the algorithm in simulated scenarios and an experimental dataset presenting suitability to be applied in real-time operations.

2020

Teaching robotics with a simulator environment developed for the autonomous driving competition

Autores
Fernandes, D; Pinheiro, F; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J; Silva, E;

Publicação
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing

Abstract
Teaching robotics based on challenge of our daily lives is always more motivating for students and teachers. Several competitions of self-driving have emerged recently, challenging students and researchers to develop solutions addressing the autonomous driving systems. The Portuguese Festival Nacional de Robótica (FNR) Autonomous Driving Competition is one of those examples. Even though the competition is an exciting challenger, it requires the development of real robots, which implies several limitations that may discourage the students and compromise a fluid teaching process. The simulation can contribute to overcome this limitation and can assume an important role as a tool, providing an effortless and costless solution, allowing students and researchers to keep their focus on the main issues. This paper presents a simulation environment for FNR, providing an overall framework able to support the exploration of robotics topics like perception, navigation, data fusion and deep learning based on the autonomous driving competition. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

2020

Underwater Localization System Combining iUSBL with Dynamic SBL in ¡VAMOS! Trials

Autores
Almeida, J; Matias, B; Ferreira, A; Almeida, C; Martins, A; Silva, E;

Publicação
Sensors

Abstract
Emerging opportunities in the exploration of inland water bodies, such as underwater mining of flooded open pit mines, require accurate real-time positioning of multiple underwater assets. In the mining operation scenarios, operational requirements deny the application of standard acoustic positioning techniques, posing additional challenges to the localization problem. This paper presents a novel underwater localization solution, implemented for the ¡VAMOS! project, based on the combination of raw measurements from a short baseline (SBL) array and an inverted ultrashort baseline (iUSBL). An extended Kalman filter (EKF), fusing IMU raw measurements, pressure observations, SBL ranges, and USBL directional angles, estimates the localization of an underwater mining vehicle in 6DOF. Sensor bias and the speed of sound in the water are estimated indirectly by the filter. Moreover, in order to discard acoustic outliers, due to multipath reflections in such a confined and cluttered space, a data association layer and a dynamic SBL master selection heuristic were implemented. To demonstrate the advantage of this new technique, results obtained in the field, during the ¡VAMOS! underwater mining field trials, are presented and discussed.

2020

Survey of approaches for emergency landing spot detection with unmanned aerial vehicles

Autores
Loureiro, G; Dias, A; Martins, A;

Publicação
Robots in Human Life- Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines, CLAWAR 2020

Abstract
For the past years, the interest in the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has been increasing due to the multiple research topics provided by the field of aerial robotics. Conversely, vehicles are susceptible to failures or malfunctions. Consequently, one main emergent research topic is the detection of a safe landing spot in these emergency scenarios. Therefore, this paper exposes and details the multiple techniques that attempt to solve the problem of landing site detection. This paper aims to present the current literature with several sensors that can be used to solve the aforementioned problem. Finally, the paper presents our proposed approach with some preliminary results in simulation. © CLAWAR Association Ltd.

2020

Emergency Landing Spot Detection for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Autores
Loureiro, G; Soares, L; Dias, A; Martins, A;

Publicação
FOURTH IBERIAN ROBOTICS CONFERENCE: ADVANCES IN ROBOTICS, ROBOT 2019, VOL 2

Abstract
This paper addresses the topic of emergency landing spot detection for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). During operation, the vehicle is susceptible to faults and must be able to predict the land spot able to ensure that the UAV will be able to land without damages and injuries to humans and structures. A method was developed, based on geometric features extracted from Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) data. A simulation environment was developed in order to validate the effectiveness and the robustness of the proposed method.

Teses
supervisionadas

2020

Interface Homem-Máquina Multi Robótica em Unity3D

Autor
RUI RODRIGO SERRA FIGUEIRINHA

Instituição
IPP-ISEP

2020

Sistema Autónomo de Aquisição de Imagens de Alta Resolução de Plâncton

Autor
JOÃO FILIPE AMORIM RESENDE

Instituição
IPP-ISEP

2020

Sistema Autónomo de Recolha de Informação Genética para Meio Aquático

Autor
PEDRO EMANUEL JORGE BARBOSA

Instituição
IPP-ISEP

2019

Sistema de Posicionamento Acústico e Transmissão de Dados para Alvos Subaquáticos

Autor
NUNO MANUEL COUTO VIANA

Instituição
IPP-ISEP

2019

Bearing Based Low Cost Underwater Acoustic Positioning System

Autor
PEDRO EMANUEL DE ALVES GUEDES

Instituição
IPP-ISEP