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Details

  • Name

    Zenaida Mourão
  • Role

    Assistant Researcher
  • Since

    15th January 2022
011
Publications

2023

Opportunities for Promoting Healthy Homes and Long-Lasting Energy-Efficient Behaviour among Families with Children in Portugal

Authors
Gabriel, MF; Cardoso, JP; Felgueiras, F; Azeredo, J; Filipe, D; Conradie, P; Van Hove, S; Mourao, Z; Anagnostopoulos, F; Azevedo, I;

Publication
ENERGIES

Abstract
Energy poverty vulnerability constitutes a significant concern in Portugal, with 17.5% of the population being unable to keep their home adequately warm. Furthermore, there is evidence that a substantial number of children live in unhealthy homes. This study aims to comprehensively characterise a sample of 101 Portuguese families with children and their homes in order to identify opportunities for actions for promoting long-lasting energy efficiency and environment health-promoting behavioural changes. To accomplish this aim, two tools-a building survey checklist and a questionnaire to participants-were developed and implemented to collect harmonised data on building-specific characteristics and on participants' socioeconomic status and behaviour. The home visits for recruitment and data collection were conducted from July 2021 to April 2022. The results suggest that, for the population under study, the main opportunities for improvement include: (i) replacing low energy-efficient technologies, with high emission rates, namely those used for heating purposes, with cleaner and more efficient alternatives; (ii) providing citizens with detailed information about their home's energy use and indoor air quality and (iii) educating the population on the best-practices for reducing indoor air stuffiness, mitigating the risk of hazardous exposures, improving thermal comfort and saving energy.

2023

Optimal Operation of Gas Networks with Multiple Injections of Green Hydrogen

Authors
Fontoura, J; Soares, J; Coelho, A; Mourao, Z;

Publication
2023 International Conference on Smart Energy Systems and Technologies, SEST 2023

Abstract
This paper introduces a mathematical model designed to optimise the operation of natural gas distribution networks, considering the injection of hydrogen in multiple nodes. This proposal is devised to optimise the quantity of hydrogen injected to maintain pressure, gas flows, and gas quality indexes (Wobbe Index (WI) and the Higher Heating Value (HHV)) within admissible limits. The model has been applied to a gas network case study with three distinct scenarios and implemented using Python. The findings from the case study show the maximum permissible volume of hydrogen in the network, quantify the total savings in natural gas, and estimate the reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. © 2023 IEEE.

2023

Mutual-benefit of district heating market and network operation for prosumers integration

Authors
Faria, AS; Soares, T; Cunha, JM; Mouráo, Z;

Publication
ENERGY SOURCES PART B-ECONOMICS PLANNING AND POLICY

Abstract
Integration of prosumers in district heating networks brings new challenges to the market and the network operation since they can change the thermal flow and increase competition. Thus, it is mandatory to develop new market structures and network management mechanisms. In this scope, this work proposes the implementation of a coordination methodology based on a peer-to-peer market without a supervising entity. The goal is to achieve higher revenue by coping with the requirements of each agent. Furthermore, the model is validated through network nodal analysis inspired by the power sector. The results in a Nordic network point out that the coordination methodology can provide compromise solutions between market negotiation and network operation. This methodology succeeded in providing reliable network solutions, fixing 99.88% of network burdens just after one iteration, and encouraging prosumers' integration. This increases market competition which lowers the energy costs for consumers while avoiding the network's operating burdens.

2023

Indoor environmental quality in offices and risk of health and productivity complaints at work: A literature review

Authors
Felgueiras, F; Mourao, Z; Moreira, A; Gabriel, MF;

Publication
JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ADVANCES

Abstract
Many service jobs are carried out in modern offices, with individual offices being increasingly replaced by open-plan settings. The high number of adult people working in office buildings, in most situations sharing the work-place with many others during a considerable part of their daily time, highlights the importance of providing adequate guidance to ensure the quality of office environments. This paper aims to summarize existing data on modern offices' indoor environmental quality (IEQ) conditions in terms of air pollution (volatile organic compounds (VOC), particulate matter and inorganic pollutants), thermal comfort, lighting and acoustics and the respective associations with health and productivity-related outcomes in workers. Evidence shows that al-though many offices present acceptable IEQ, some office settings can have levels of air pollutants, hygrothermal conditions/thermal comfort and illuminance that do not comply with the existing international standards and recommendations. In addition, findings suggest the existence of significant associations between the assessed IEQ indicators and the risk of detrimental effects on health and productivity of office workers. In particular, airborne particles, CO2, O 3 and thermal comfort were linked with the prevalence of sick building syndrome symptoms. Poor lighting and acoustical quality have also been associated with malaise and physiological stress among office workers. Similarly, better productivity levels have been registered for good indoor air quality conditions, in terms of VOC, airborne particles and CO2. Overall, the evidence revised in this work suggests that for promoting health and productivity recommendations for office building managers include actions to ensure that: i) all relevant IEQ indicators are periodically controlled to ensure that levels comply with recommended limit values; ii) declared in-door pollution sources are avoided; iii) adequate ventilation and acclimatization strategies are implemented; and iv) there is the possibility of conduct personalized adjustments to environmental conditions (following workers' preferences).

2022

Liberalized market designs for district heating networks under the EMB3Rs platform

Authors
Faria, AS; Soares, T; Cunha, JM; Mourao, Z;

Publication
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GRIDS & NETWORKS

Abstract
Current developments in heat pumps, supported by innovative business models, are driving several industry sectors to take a proactive role in future district heating and cooling networks in cities. For instance, supermarkets and data centers have been assessing the reuse of waste heat as an extra source for the district heating network, which would offset the additional investment in heat pumps. This innovative business model requires complete deregulation of the district heating market to allow industrial heat producers to provide waste heat as an additional source in the district heating network. This work proposes the application of innovative market designs for district heating networks, inspired by new practices seen in the electricity sector. More precisely, pool and Peer-to-Peer (P2P) market designs are addressed, comparing centralized and decentralized market proposals. An illustrative case of a Nordic district heating network is used to assess the performance of each market design, as well as the potential revenue that different heat producers can obtain by participating in the market. An important conclusion of this work is that the proposed market designs are in line with the new trends, encouraging the inclusion of new excess heat recovery players in district heating networks.