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About

Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial Engineering and Management by FEUP.

Head of the Research Center for Industrial Engineering and Management from INESC TEC Laboratório Associado.

Assistant Professor at the Department of Industrial Engineering and Management at FEUP.

Co Founder of LTPlabs - consultancy company that applies advanced analytical methods to help make better complex decisions.

Specialist in supply chain planning with an emphasis on food products. He was Supply Chain Analyst at Total Raffinage Marketing (França). Researcher/Consultant in several projects related to Operations Management and supported by different types of entities.

Author of several publications in international journals in the field of Operations Research (for example, International Journal of Production Economics, Industrial Engineering and Chemistry Research, Computers and Chemical Engineering, Interfaces) - Google citation profile.

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Topics
Details

Details

014
Publications

2021

A bilevel approach for the collaborative transportation planning problem

Authors
Santos, MJ; Curcio, E; Amorim, P; Carvalho, M; Marques, A;

Publication
International Journal of Production Economics

Abstract
The integration of the outbound and the inbound logistics of a company leads to a large transportation network, allowing to detect backhauling opportunities to increase the efficiency of the transportation. In collaborative networks, backhauling is used to find profitable services in the return trip to the depot and to reduce empty running of vehicles. This work investigates the vertical collaboration between a shipper and a carrier for the planning of integrated inbound and outbound transportation. Based on the hierarchical nature of the relation between the shipper and the carrier and their different goals, the problem is formulated as a bilevel Vehicle Routing Problem with Selective Backhauls (VRPSB). At the upper level, the shipper decides the minimum cost delivery routes and the set of incentives offered to the carrier to perform integrated routes. At the lower level, the carrier decides which incentives are accepted and on which routes the backhaul customers are visited. We devise a mathematical programming formulation for the bilevel VRPSB, where the routing and the pricing problems are optimized simultaneously, and propose an equivalent reformulation to reduce the problem to a single-level VRPSB. The impact of collaboration is evaluated against non-collaborative approaches and two different side payment schemes. The results suggest that our bilevel approach leads to solutions with higher synergy values than the approaches with side payments. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

2021

A green lateral collaborative problem under different transportation strategies and profit allocation methods

Authors
Joa, M; Martins, S; Amorim, P; Almada Lobo, B;

Publication
JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION

Abstract
Collaboration between companies in transportation problems seeks to reduce empty running of vehicles and to increase the use of vehicles' capacity. Motivated by a case study in the food supply chain, this paper examines a lateral collaboration between a leading retailer (LR), a third party logistics provider (3 PL) and different producers. Three collaborative strategies may be implemented simultaneously, namely pickup-delivery, collection and cross-docking. The collaborative pickup-delivery allows an entity to serve customers of another in the backhaul trips of the vehicles. The collaborative collection allows loads to be picked up at the producers in the backhauling routes of the LR and the 3 PL, instead of the traditional outsourcing. The collaborative cross-docking allows the producers to cross-dock their cargo at the depot of another entity, which is then consolidated and shipped with other loads, either in linehaul or backhaul routes. The collaborative problem is formulated with three different objective functions: minimizing total operational costs, minimizing total fuel consumption and minimizing operational and CO2 emissions costs. The synergy value of collaborative solutions is assessed in terms of costs and environmental impact. Three proportional allocation methods from the literature are used to distribute the collaborative gains among the entities, and their limitations and capabilities to attend fairness criteria are analyzed. Collaboration is able to reduce the global fuel consumption in 26% and the global operational costs in 28%, independently of the objective function used to model the problem. The collaborative pickup-delivery strategy outperforms the other two in the majority of instances under different objectives and parameter settings. The collaborative collection is favoured when the ordering loads from producers increase. The collaborative cross-docking tends to be implemented when the producers are located close to the depot of the 3 PL.

2021

Solving the grocery backroom layout problem

Authors
Pires, M; Silva, E; Amorim, P;

Publication
International Journal of Production Research

Abstract

2021

On the Value of Subscription Models for Online Grocery Retail

Authors
Wagner, L; Pinto, C; Amorim, P;

Publication
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH

Abstract
Omnichannel retailers are increasingly introducing subscription-based delivery services. By subscribing to this service and paying fees upfront, customers are entitled to have orders delivered to their home for a given period without paying any extra delivery charge. We analyze the resulting changes in customer behavior from two perspectives:(i) ordering behavior and (ii) delivery preferences. The model is estimated from the online transactional data of a grocery retailer and combines matching and difference in-differences approaches. We confirm that subscription customers spend more per month and purchase more frequently online than customers without subscriptions. However, this outcome is compromised by shifts towards narrower time slots in the mornings and at night, where slots are requested with less advance notice. When weighing the increased revenue and higher operational costs, we show that subscriptions have a negative impact on a retailer & rsquo;s incremental profit. This remains valid for a wide range of assumptions about (i) the cannibalisation of sales from the retailer & rsquo;s offline business, (ii) picking cost and (iii) delivery cost. To mitigate the impact of subscriptions on retailer profits, we develop a data-driven algorithm that predicts whether certain customers should receive promotions for the subscription plan, rather than it being advertised to all customers. As an extension, we also study whether the addition of a minimum order threshold to subscription plans changes consumer behaviour. We find that this introduction encourages customers to seek more variety and increase their basket size, but does not reduce their order frequency, a phenomena which may be ascribed to cross-selling.

2021

Scheduling Human-Robot Teams in collaborative working cells

Authors
Ferreira, C; Figueira, G; Amorim, P;

Publication
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS

Abstract
Soon, a new generation of Collaborative Robots embodying Human-Robot Teams (HRTs) is expected to be more widely adopted in manufacturing. The adoption of this technology requires evaluating the overall performance achieved by an HRT for a given production workflow. We study this performance by solving the underlying scheduling problem under different production settings. We formulate the problem as a Multimode Multiprocessor Task Scheduling Problem, where tasks may be executed by two different types of resources (humans and robots), or by both simultaneously. Two algorithms are proposed to solve the problem - a Constraint Programming model and a Genetic Algorithm. We also devise a new lower bound for benchmarking the methods. Computational experiments are conducted on a large set of instances generated to represent a variety of HRT production settings. General instances for the problem are also considered. The proposed methods outperform algorithms found in the literature for similar problems. For the HRT instances, we find optimal solutions for a considerable number of instances, and tight gaps to lower bounds when optimal solutions are unknown. Moreover, we derive some insights on the improvement obtained if tasks can be executed simultaneously by the HRT. The experiments suggest that collaborative tasks reduce the total work time, especially in settings with numerous precedence constraints and low robot eligibility. These results indicate that the possibility of collaborative work can shorten cycle time, which may motivate future investment in this new technology.

Supervised
thesis

2020

General Variable Neighborhood Search for the Drone-Assisted Vehicle Routing Problem with Robot Stations

Author
André Craveiro Morim

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Otimização da Cadeia de Transportes

Author
Ana Cristina Oliveira Gomes

Institution
UP-FEP

2020

Flexibilidade no desenho das cadeias de abastecimento

Author
Luís Filipe Rodrigues Prado

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Leveraging a business solution to enhance last mile deliveries

Author
Miguel Andrez Pereira

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Supply Chain Modelling and Supplier Selection under Supply Chain Risk Management in the Aerospace Industry

Author
Nuno Bernardo Gonçalves Falcão e Cunha

Institution
UP-FEUP