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007
Publications

2022

Collision avoidance considering iterative Bézier based approach for steep slope terrains

Authors
Santos, LC; Santos, FN; Valente, A; Sobreira, H; Sarmento, J; Petry, M;

Publication
IEEE ACCESS

Abstract

2022

An overview of pruning and harvesting manipulators

Authors
Tinoco, V; Silva, MF; Santos, FN; Valente, A; Rocha, LF; Magalhaes, SA; Santos, LC;

Publication
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT-THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS RESEARCH AND APPLICATION

Abstract
Purpose The motivation for robotics research in the agricultural field has sparked in consequence of the increasing world population and decreasing agricultural labor availability. This paper aims to analyze the state of the art of pruning and harvesting manipulators used in agriculture. Design/methodology/approach A research was performed on papers that corresponded to specific keywords. Ten papers were selected based on a set of attributes that made them adequate for review. Findings The pruning manipulators were used in two different scenarios: grapevines and apple trees. These manipulators showed that a light-controlled environment could reduce visual errors and that prismatic joints on the manipulator are advantageous to obtain a higher reach. The harvesting manipulators were used for three types of fruits: strawberries, tomatoes and apples. These manipulators revealed that different kinematic configurations are required for different kinds of end-effectors, as some of these tools only require movement in the horizontal axis and others are required to reach the target with a broad range of orientations. Originality/value This work serves to reduce the gap in the literature regarding agricultural manipulators and will support new developments of novel solutions related to agricultural robotic grasping and manipulation.

2021

Potential Non-Invasive Technique for Accessing Plant Water Contents Using a Radar System

Authors
Santos, LC; dos Santos, FN; Morais, R; Duarte, C;

Publication
AGRONOMY-BASEL

Abstract
Sap flow measurements of trees are today the most common method to determine evapotranspiration at the tree and the forest/crop canopy level. They provide independent measurements for flux comparisons and model validation. The most common approach to measure the sap flow is based on intrusive solutions with heaters and thermal sensors. This sap flow sensor technology is not very reliable for more than one season crop; it is intrusive and not adequate for low diameter trunk trees. The non-invasive methods comprise mostly Radio-frequency (RF) technologies, typically using satellite or air-born sources. This system can monitor large fields but cannot measure sap levels of a single plant (precision agriculture). This article studies the hypothesis to use of RF signals attenuation principle to detect variations in the quantity of water present in a single plant. This article presents a well-defined experience to measure water content in leaves, by means of high gains RF antennas, spectrometer, and a robotic arm. Moreover, a similar concept is studied with an off-the-shelf radar solution—for the automotive industry—to detect changes in the water presence in a single plant and leaf. The conclusions indicate a novel potential application of this technology to precision agriculture as the experiments data is directly related to the sap flow variations in plant.

2021

A Review of Pruning and Harvesting Manipulators

Authors
Tinoco, V; Silva, MF; Santos, FN; Rocha, LF; Magalhaes, S; Santos, LC;

Publication
2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC)

Abstract

2021

Cost-Effective 4DoF Manipulator for General Applications

Authors
Magalhães, SA; Moreira, AP; dos Santos, FN; Dias, J; Santos, L;

Publication
Intelligent Systems and Applications - Proceedings of the 2021 Intelligent Systems Conference, IntelliSys 2021, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2-3 September, 2021, Volume 3

Abstract