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About

Jaime S. Cardoso holds a Licenciatura (5-year degree) in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1999, an MSc in Mathematical Engineering in 2005 and a Ph.D. in Computer Vision in 2006, all from the University of Porto.

Cardoso is an Associate Professor with Habilitation at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto (FEUP), where he has been teaching Machine Learning and Computer Vision in Doctoral Programs and multiple courses for the graduate studies. Cardoso is currently a Senior Researcher of the ‘Information Processing and Pattern Recognition’ Area in the Telecommunications and Multimedia Unit of INESC TEC. He is also Senior Member of IEEE and co-founder of ClusterMedia Labs, an IT company developing automatic solutions for semantic audio-visual analysis.

His research can be summed up in three major topics: computer vision, machine learning and decision support systems.  Cardoso has co-authored 150+ papers, 50+ of which in international journals. Cardoso has been the recipient of numerous awards, including the Honorable Mention in the Exame Informática Award 2011, in software category, for project “Semantic PACS” and the First Place in the ICDAR 2013 Music Scores Competition: Staff Removal (task: staff removal with local noise), August 2013. The research results have been recognized both by the peers, with 2400+ citations to his publications and the advertisement in the mainstream media several times.

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Details

Details

010
Publications

2019

Importance of subject-dependent classification and imbalanced distributions in driver sleepiness detection in realistic conditions

Authors
Silveira, CS; Cardoso, JS; Lourenco, AL; Ahlstrom, C;

Publication
IET INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

Abstract
The first in-depth study on the use of electrocardiogram and electrooculogram for subject-dependent classification in driver sleepiness/fatigue under realistic driving conditions is presented in this work. Since acquisitions in simulated environments may be misleading for sleepiness assessment, performing studies on road are required. For that purpose, the authors present a database resulting from a field driving study performed in the SleepEye project. Based on previous research, supervised machine learning methods are implemented and applied to 16 heart- and 25 eye-based extracted features, mostly related to heart rate variability and blink events, respectively, in order to study the influence of subject dependency in sleepiness classification, using different classifiers and dealing with imbalanced class distributions. Results showed a significantly worse performance in subject-independent classification: a decrease of similar to 40 and 20% in the detection rate of the 'sleepy' class for two and three classes, respectively. Since physiological signals are the ones that present the most individual characteristics, a subject-independent classification can be even harder to perform. Transfer learning techniques and methods for imbalanced distributions are promising approaches and need further investigation.

2019

Directional support vector machines

Authors
Pernes, D; Fernande, K; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

Abstract
Several phenomena are represented by directional-angular or periodic-data; from time references on the calendar to geographical coordinates. These values are usually represented as real values restricted to a given range (e.g., [0, 2p)), hiding the real nature of this information. In order to handle these variables properly in supervised classification tasks, alternatives to the naive Bayes classifier and logistic regression were proposed in the past. In this work, we propose directional-aware support vector machines. We address several realizations of the proposed models, studying their kernelized counterparts and their expressiveness. Finally, we validate the performance of the proposed Support Vector Machines (SVMs) against the directional naive Bayes and directional logistic regression with real data, obtaining competitive results. © 2019 by the authors.

2019

The Challenges of Applying Deep Learning for Hemangioma Lesion Segmentation

Authors
Alves, PG; Cardoso, JS; Do Bom Sucesso, M;

Publication
Proceedings - European Workshop on Visual Information Processing, EUVIP

Abstract
Infantile Hemangiomas (IH) make up the most common type of benign vascular tumors affecting children. They can grow for several months until beginning to involute. In present-day clinical practice there's no objective monitoring protocol. For more objective measures, an automatic evaluation system (CAD system) is needed to aid clinicians in assessing the effectiveness of a given patient's response to a treatment. One of the stages of these systems is the lesion segmentation. This work addresses the automatic segmentation of lesions in IH. Acknowledging that the methods in the literature for IH lesion segmentation lag behind the state-of-the-art in the image segmentation community, we conduct a comparison of various methodologies for the segmentation of the IH, including both shallow and deep methodologies. Acknowledging the lack of data in the field for a robust learning of deep models, we also evaluate transfer learning techniques to benefit from knowledge extracted in other skin lesions. The best results were obtained with the shortest path method and a multiscale convolutional neural network that merges two pipelines working at different scales. Although promising, the results put in evidence the need for better databases, collected under suitable acquisition protocols. © 2018 IEEE.

2019

Driver drowsiness detection: A comparison between intrusive and non-intrusive signal acquisition methods

Authors
Oliveira, L; Cardoso, JS; Lourenço, A; Ahlström, C;

Publication
Proceedings - European Workshop on Visual Information Processing, EUVIP

Abstract
Driver drowsiness is a major cause of road accidents, many of which result in fatalities. A solution to this problem is the inclusion of a drowsiness detector in vehicles to alert the driver if sleepiness is detected. To detect drowsiness, physiologic, behavioral (visual) and vehicle-based methods can be used, however, only measures that can be acquired non-intrusively are viable in a real life application. This work uses data from a real-road experiment with sleep deprived drivers to compare the performance of driver drowsiness detection using intrusive acquisition methods, namely electrooculogram (EOG), with camera-based, non-intrusive, methods. A hybrid strategy, combining the described methods with electrocardiogram (ECG) measures, is also evaluated. Overall, the obtained results show that drowsiness detection performance is similar using non-intrusive camera-based measures or intrusive EOG measures. The detection performance increases when combining two methods (ECG + visual) or (ECG + EOG). © 2018 IEEE.

2019

Sparse Multi-Bending snakes

Authors
Araujo, RJ; Fernandes, K; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing

Abstract

Supervised
thesis

2017

Toward a 3D Planning Approach for Breast Conserving Surgery

Author
Hooshiar Zolfagharnasab

Institution
UP-FEUP

2017

Reinforcement Learning for Primary Care Appointment Scheduling

Author
Tiago Salgado Magalhães Taveira-Gomes

Institution
UP-FEUP

2017

Análise Automática de Melanoma Utilizando Imagens Dermatoscópicas

Author
Bruno Miguel Ferreira Moreira

Institution
UP-FEUP

2017

Portuguese Sign Language Recognition

Author
Pedro Miguel Martins Ferreira

Institution
UP-FEUP

2017

Análise e Classificação de Imagem Hiper-espectral

Author
Borgine Vasques Gurué

Institution
UP-FEUP