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015
Publications

2018

The last frontier: Coupling technological developments with scientific challenges to improve hazard assessment of deep-sea mining

Authors
Santos, MM; Jorge, PAS; Coimbra, J; Vale, C; Caetano, M; Bastos, L; Iglesias, I; Guimarães, L; Reis Henriques, MA; Teles, LO; Vieira, MN; Raimundo, J; Pinheiro, M; Nogueira, V; Pereira, R; Neuparth, T; Ribeiro, MC; Silva, E; Castro, LFC;

Publication
Science of the Total Environment

Abstract
The growing economic interest in the exploitation of mineral resources on deep-ocean beds, including those in the vicinity of sensitive-rich habitats such as hydrothermal vents, raise a mounting concern about the damage that such actions might originate to these poorly-know ecosystems, which represent millions of years of evolution and adaptations to extreme environmental conditions. It has been suggested that mining may cause a major impact on vent ecosystems and other deep-sea areas. Yet, the scale and the nature of such impacts are unknown at present. Hence, building upon currently available scientific information it is crucial to develop new cost-effective technologies embedded into rigorous operating frameworks. The forward-thinking provided here will assist in the development of new technologies and tools to address the major challenges associated with deep sea-mining; technologies for in situ and ex situ observation and data acquisition, biogeochemical processes, hazard assessment of deep-sea mining to marine organisms and development of modeling tools in support of risk assessment scenarios. These technological developments are vital to validate a responsible and sustainable exploitation of the deep-sea mineral resources, based on the precautionary principle. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

2018

Supervised classification for hyperspectral imaging in UAV maritime target detection

Authors
Freitas, S; Almeida, C; Silva, H; Almeida, J; Silva, E;

Publication
18th IEEE International Conference on Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions, ICARSC 2018

Abstract
This paper addresses the use of a hyperspectral image system to detect vessels in maritime operational scenarios. The developed hyperspectral imaging classification methods are based on supervised approaches and allow to detect the presence of vessels using real hyperspectral data. We implemented two different methods for comparison purposes: SVM and SAM. The SVM method, which can be considered one of most utilized methods for image classification, was implemented using linear, RBF, sigmoid and polynomial kernels with PCA for dimensionality reduction, and compared with SAM using a two classes definition, namely vessel and water. The obtained results using real data collected from a UAV allow to conclude that the SVM approach is suitable for detecting the vessel presence in the water with a precision and recall rates favorable when compared to SAM. © 2018 IEEE.

2018

Hyperspectral Imaging for Real-Time Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Maritime Target Detection

Authors
Freitas, S; Silva, H; Almeida, J; Silva, E;

Publication
Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications

Abstract
This work address hyperspectral imaging systems use for maritime target detection using unmanned aerial vehicles. Specifically, by working in the creation of a hyperspectral real-time data processing system pipeline. We develop a boresight calibration method that allows to calibrate the position of the navigation sensor related to the camera imaging sensor, and improve substantially the accuracy of the target geo-reference. We also develop an unsupervised method for segmenting targets (boats) from their dominant background in real-time. We evaluated the performance of our proposed system for target detection in real-time with UAV flight data and present detection results comparing favorably our approach against other state-of- the-art method. © 2017 The Author(s)

2018

Control-law for oil spill mitigation with an autonomous surface vehicle

Authors
Pedrosa, D; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J; Silva, E;

Publication
2018 OCEANS - MTS/IEEE Kobe Techno-Oceans, OCEANS - Kobe 2018

Abstract
Oil spill incidents in the sea or harbors occur with some regularity during exploration, production, and transport of petroleum products. In order to mitigate the impact of the oil spill in the marine life, immediate, safety, effective and eco-friendly actions must be taken. Autonomous vehicles can assume an important contribution by establishing a cooperative and coordinated intervention. This paper presents the development of a path planning control-law methods for an autonomous surface vehicle (ASV) being able to contour the oil spill while is deploying microorganisms and nutrients (bioremediation) capable of mitigating and contain the oil spill spread with the collaboration of a UAV vehicle. An oil spill simulation scenario was developed in Gazebo to support the evaluation of the cooperative actions between the ASV and UAV and to infer the ASV path planning for each one of the proposed control-law methods. © 2018 IEEE.

2018

EVA a hybrid ROV/AUV for underwater mining operations support

Authors
Martins, A; Almeida, J; Almeida, C; Matias, B; Kapusniak, S; Silva, E;

Publication
2018 OCEANS - MTS/IEEE Kobe Techno-Oceans, OCEANS - Kobe 2018

Abstract
This paper presents EVA, a new concept for an hybrid ROV/AUV designed to support the underwater operation of an underwater mining machine, developed in the context of the European H2020 R&D ¡VAMOS! Project. This project is briefly presented, introducing the main components and concepts, providing the reader with clear picture of the operational scenario and allowing to understand better the functionality requirements of the support robotic vehicle developed. The design of EVA is detailed presented, addressing the mechanical design, hardware architecture, sensor system and navigation and control. The results of EVA both in water test tank, in the !VAMOS! Field trials in Lee Moor, UK, and in an harbor scenario are presented and discussed © 2018 IEEE

Supervised
thesis

2018

Multi-Robot 3D Target Estimation Under Uncertainty

Author
André Miguel Pinheiro Dias

Institution
Outra

2015

Método de correspondência para sistemas de visão multi-câmara

Author
JOÃO PEDRO MENDES PEREIRA RIBEIRO

Institution
IPP-ISEP