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004
Publications

2020

A Version of Libviso2 for Central Dioptric Omnidirectional Cameras with a Laser-Based Scale Calculation

Authors
Aguiar, A; Santos, F; Santos, L; Sousa, A;

Publication
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing - Robot 2019: Fourth Iberian Robotics Conference

Abstract

2020

Visual Trunk Detection Using Transfer Learning and a Deep Learning-based Coprocessor

Authors
Aguiar, AS; Dos Santos, FN; Miranda De Sousa, AJM; Oliveira, PM; Santos, LC;

Publication
IEEE Access

Abstract

2020

Vineyard trunk detection using deep learning – An experimental device benchmark

Authors
Pinto de Aguiar, ASP; Neves dos Santos, FBN; Feliz dos Santos, LCF; de Jesus Filipe, VMD; Miranda de Sousa, AJM;

Publication
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture

Abstract

2020

Occupancy Grid and Topological Maps Extraction from Satellite Images for Path Planning in Agricultural Robots

Authors
Santos, LC; Aguiar, AS; Santos, FN; Valente, A; Petry, M;

Publication
Robotics

Abstract
Robotics will significantly impact large sectors of the economy with relatively low productivity, such as Agri-Food production. Deploying agricultural robots on the farm is still a challenging task. When it comes to localising the robot, there is a need for a preliminary map, which is obtained from a first robot visit to the farm. Mapping is a semi-autonomous task that requires a human operator to drive the robot throughout the environment using a control pad. Visual and geometric features are used by Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping (SLAM) Algorithms to model and recognise places, and track the robot’s motion. In agricultural fields, this represents a time-consuming operation. This work proposes a novel solution—called AgRoBPP-bridge—to autonomously extract Occupancy Grid and Topological maps from satellites images. These preliminary maps are used by the robot in its first visit, reducing the need of human intervention and making the path planning algorithms more efficient. AgRoBPP-bridge consists of two stages: vineyards row detection and topological map extraction. For vineyards row detection, we explored two approaches, one that is based on conventional machine learning technique, by considering Support Vector Machine with Local Binary Pattern-based features, and another one found in deep learning techniques (ResNET and DenseNET). From the vineyards row detection, we extracted an occupation grid map and, by considering advanced image processing techniques and Voronoi diagrams concept, we obtained a topological map. Our results demonstrated an overall accuracy higher than 85% for detecting vineyards and free paths for robot navigation. The Support Vector Machine (SVM)-based approach demonstrated the best performance in terms of precision and computational resources consumption. AgRoBPP-bridge shows to be a relevant contribution to simplify the deployment of robots in agriculture.

2020

Localization and Mapping for Robots in Agriculture and Forestry: A Survey

Authors
Aguiar, AS; dos Santos, FN; Cunha, JB; Sobreira, H; Sousa, AJ;

Publication
Robotics

Abstract
Research and development of autonomous mobile robotic solutions that can perform several active agricultural tasks (pruning, harvesting, mowing) have been growing. Robots are now used for a variety of tasks such as planting, harvesting, environmental monitoring, supply of water and nutrients, and others. To do so, robots need to be able to perform online localization and, if desired, mapping. The most used approach for localization in agricultural applications is based in standalone Global Navigation Satellite System-based systems. However, in many agricultural and forest environments, satellite signals are unavailable or inaccurate, which leads to the need of advanced solutions independent from these signals. Approaches like simultaneous localization and mapping and visual odometry are the most promising solutions to increase localization reliability and availability. This work leads to the main conclusion that, few methods can achieve simultaneously the desired goals of scalability, availability, and accuracy, due to the challenges imposed by these harsh environments. In the near future, novel contributions to this field are expected that will help one to achieve the desired goals, with the development of more advanced techniques, based on 3D localization, and semantic and topological mapping. In this context, this work proposes an analysis of the current state-of-the-art of localization and mapping approaches in agriculture and forest environments. Additionally, an overview about the available datasets to develop and test these approaches is performed. Finally, a critical analysis of this research field is done, with the characterization of the literature using a variety of metrics.