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About

Tiago Soares received the M.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from the School of Engineering of Polytechnic Institute of Porto (ISEP), in 2013 and the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) in 2017. He is currently postdoc at the INESC TEC, Centre for Power and Energy Systems. His research interests include electricity markets, distributed generation, energy resources management and optimization, optimization under uncertainty and future power systems.

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Details

Details

  • Name

    Tiago André Soares
  • Cluster

    Power and Energy
  • Role

    Researcher
  • Since

    01st September 2015
003
Publications

2020

Reactive power provision by the DSO to the TSO considering renewable energy sources uncertainty

Authors
Soares, T; Carvalho, L; Moris, H; Bessa, RJ; Abreu, T; Lambert, E;

Publication
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GRIDS & NETWORKS

Abstract
The current coordination between the transmission system operator (TSO) and the distribution system operator (DSO) is changing mainly due to the continuous integration of distributed energy resources (DER) in the distribution system. The DER technologies are able to provide reactive power services helping the DSOs and TSOs in the network operation. This paper follows this trend by proposing a methodology for the reactive power management by the DSO under renewable energy sources (RES) forecast uncertainty, allowing the DSO to coordinate and supply reactive power services to the TSO. The proposed methodology entails the use of a stochastic AC-OPF, ensuring reliable solutions for the DSO. RES forecast uncertainty is modeled by a set of probabilistic spatiotemporal trajectories. A 37-bus distribution grid considering realistic generation and consumption data is used to validate the proposed methodology. An important conclusion is that the methodology allows the DSO to leverage the DER full capabilities to provide a new service to the TSO.

2020

Participation of an EV Aggregator in the Reserve Market through Chance-Constrained Optimization

Authors
Faria, AS; Soares, T; Sousa, T; Matos, MA;

Publication
ENERGIES

Abstract
The adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) will revolutionize the storage capacity in the power system and, therefore, will contribute to mitigate the uncertainty of renewable generation. In addition, EVs have fast response capabilities and are suitable for frequency regulation, which is essential for the proliferation of intermittent renewable sources. To this end, EV aggregators will arise as a market representative party on behalf of EVs. Thus, this player will be responsible for supplying the power needed to charge EVs, as well as offering their flexibility to support the system. The main goal of EV aggregators is to manage the potential participation of EVs in the reserve market, accounting for their charging and travel needs. This work follows this trend by conceiving a chance-constrained model able to optimize EVs participation in the reserve market, taking into account the uncertain behavior of EVs and their charging needs. The proposed model, includes penalties in the event of a failure in the provision of upward or downward reserve. Therefore, stochastic and chance-constrained programming are used to handle the uncertainty of a small fleet of EVs and the risk profile of the EV aggregator. Two different relaxation approaches, i.e., Big-M and McCormick, of the chance-constrained model are tested and validated for different number of scenarios and risk levels, based on an actual test case in Denmark with actual driving patterns. As a final remark, the McCormick relaxation presents better performance when the uncertainty budget increases, which is appropriated for large-scale problems.

2019

Peer-to-peer and community-based markets: A comprehensive review

Authors
Sousa, T; Soares, T; Pinson, P; Moret, F; Baroche, T; Sorin, E;

Publication
RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS

Abstract
The advent of more proactive consumers, the so-called "prosumers", with production and storage capabilities, is empowering the consumers and bringing new opportunities and challenges to the operation of power systems in a market environment. Recently, a novel proposal for the design and operation of electricity markets has emerged: these so-called peer-to-peer (P2P) electricity markets conceptually allow the prosumers to directly share their electrical energy and investment. Such P2P markets rely on a consumer-centric and bottom-up perspective by giving the opportunity to consumers to freely choose the way they buy their electric energy. A community can also be formed by prosumers who want to collaborate, or in terms of operational energy management. This paper contributes with an overview of these new P2P markets that starts with the motivation, challenges, market designs moving to the potential future developments in this field, providing recommendations while considering a test-case.

2019

Proactive management of distribution grids with chance-constrained linearized AC OPF

Authors
Soares, T; Bessa, RJ;

Publication
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS

Abstract
Distribution system operators (DSO) are currently moving towards active distribution grid management. One goal is the development of tools for operational planning of flexibility from distributed energy resources (DER) in order to solve potential (predicted) congestion and voltage problems. This work proposes an innovative flexibility management function based on stochastic and chance-constrained optimization that copes with forecast uncertainty from renewable energy sources (RES). Furthermore, the model allows the decision-maker to integrate its attitude towards risk by considering a trade-off between operating costs and system reliability. RES forecast uncertainty is modeled through spatial-temporal trajectories or ensembles. An AC-OPF linearization that approximates the actual behavior of the system is included, ensuring complete convexity of the problem. McCormick and big-M relaxation methods are compared to reformulate the chance-constrained optimization problem. The discussion and comparison of the proposed models is carried out through a case study based on actual generation data, where operating costs, system reliability and computer performance are evaluated.

2019

Stochastic energy and reserve market in a microgrid environment

Authors
Castro, D; Soares, T; Matos, M;

Publication
2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019

Abstract
The continuous proliferation of distributed energy resources (DER), mainly from renewable energy sources (RES) is changing the operational planning of distribution grids. Microgrids (MGs) as a small part of distribution grids are characterized by their ability to partially/fully self-producing their energy needs, and for the ability to trade different energy products (e.g. energy and reserve). This paper, addresses the energy and reserve market problem within the MG environment considering the RES uncertain production. Thus, a two-stage stochastic programming was modelled, minimizing the energy and reserve costs of the MG operator. A DC Optimal Power Flow (OPF) was incorporated to mitigate potential congestion that may occur in the MG. The assessment of the model is carried out through a test case based on actual generation data, considering a 37-bus distribution grid. The performance and accuracy of the model is determined based on the expected value of perfect information (EVPI) and value of stochastic solution (VSS). © 2019 IEEE.