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002
Publications

2022

Anda: An Innovative Micro-Location Mobile Ticketing Solution Based on NFC and BLE Technologies

Authors
Ferreira, MC; Dias, TG; Cunha, JFE;

Publication
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

Abstract
Mobile ticketing services allow urban transport passengers to travel in a convenient and easy way, enhancing their travelling experience. In recent years several mobile ticketing services have started to be developed and launched, but there is still a lot to be done in terms of its effectiveness, efficiency and innovation. This paper presents a micro-location mobile ticketing solution based on Near Field Communication (NFC) and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technologies, called Anda. This solution is based on a check-in/be-out scheme and requires the minimum intervention from the passenger. It is really innovative in the urban transport field, as it takes advantage of BLE technology not usually used for this purpose, it is based on a concept of post-billing with a fare optimization algorithm associated and it allows the micro-location of passengers throughout their journeys. This paper details the architecture of the solution and its mode of operation. It also presents the evaluation methodology that was followed during the pilot trial that took place in the Metropolitan Area of Porto (AMP), Portugal, during one year with 140 real passengers. A set of design lessons were identified as a result of the field tests and materialized in five mobile ticketing design dimensions, constituting important contributions to the design of future mobile ticketing services. Anda was commercially deployed in the AMP in 2018 and is used by thousands of passengers every day. IEEE

2022

Tourism as a Service: Enhancing the Tourist Experience

Authors
Mendes, B; Ferreira, MC; Dias, TG;

Publication
Transportation Research Procedia

Abstract
The tourism sector has been facing continuous growth. It plays a vital role in countries' economic development, highlighting the need to keep nurturing it by making it easier and more attractive. This paper presents Tourism as a Service - an innovative concept that aims to ease a day in the life of a tourist by integrating services that might be found spread out through separate tools and services, including ticketing in public transport and touristic attractions, route planning, information, among others. First, focus groups were done in order to understand the users' needs regarding the use of a mobile ticketing solution in tourism. The findings from the literature reviewed and the previous step were then prioritized by relevance in a questionnaire sent to potential users, allowing the creation of a medium-fidelity prototype. The validation through usability testing confirmed an interest in the proposed solution. The critical design choices surrounding the proposed solution were discussed along with improvements and further work to be done.

2022

To Use or Not to Use? Investigating What Drives Tourists to Use Mobile Ticketing Services in Tourism

Authors
Ferreira, MC; Oliveira, M; Dias, TG;

Publication
SUSTAINABILITY

Abstract
The advantages associated with mobile ticketing solutions are undeniable; however, most of these solutions are designed for the local population without taking into account the specific needs of tourists. Therefore, this study fills an important research gap in the literature by assessing the adoption drivers of mobile ticketing services by tourists and pointing out possible directions to the design of such services. The proposed model includes constructs of the technology acceptance model (TAM), diffusion of innovations (DOI) theory, and others widely disseminated in the literature on mobile payments, such as mobility. The model was empirically tested through an online survey, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was applied to analyze the data. The results show that the intention of tourists to use mobile ticketing services is positively affected by the perceived usefulness and mobility. The survey findings also describe additional services that respondents value in a mobile ticket service for tourists, both in normal and in pandemic contexts, useful to shape future mobile ticketing solutions for tourists.

2022

Identifying the determinants and understanding their effect on the perception of safety, security, and comfort by pedestrians and cyclists: A systematic review

Authors
Ferreira, MC; Costa, PD; Abrantes, D; Hora, J; Felicio, S; Coimbra, M; Dias, TG;

Publication
TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR

Abstract
The continuous growth of the world population and its agglomeration in urban cities, demand an increasing need for mobility, which in turn contributes to the worsening of traffic congestion and pollution in cities. Therefore, it is necessary to promote active travel, such as walking and cycling. However, this is not an easy task, as pedestrians and cyclists are the most vulnerable link in the system, and low levels of safety, security and comfort can contribute to choosing private cars over active travel. Hence, it is essential to understand the determinants that affect the perceptions of pedestrians and cyclists, in order to support the definition of policies that promote the use of active modes of transport. Thus, this article fills an important gap in the literature by identifying and discussing the objective and subjective determinants that affect the perceptions of safety, security and comfort of pedestrians and cyclists, through a systematic review of the literature published in the last ten years. It followed the PRISMA statement guidelines and checklist, resulting in 68 relevant articles that were carefully analyzed. The results show that the perception of safety is negatively affected by fear of traffic-related injuries, fear of falling related to infra-structure and infrastructure maintenance, and negative behavior of drivers. Regarding security, crime was the major concern of pedestrians and cyclists, either with emphasis on the person or on personal property. With regard to comfort, high levels of air and noise pollution, lack of vege-tation, bad weather conditions, slopes and long commuting distances negatively affected the users' perception. The results also suggest that poor lighting affects all domains, providing a negative perception of safety, security and comfort. Similarly, the presence of people is seen as negatively influencing the perception of safety and comfort, while the absence of people nega-tively impacts the perception of security. Therefore, the findings achieved by this study are key to assist in the definition of transport policies and infrastructure creation in large smart cities. Additionally, new transport policies are proposed and discussed.

2021

Improving Mobility Services through Customer Participation

Authors
Duarte, SP; Campos Ferreira, M; Pinho de Sousa, J; Freire de Sousa, J; Galvão, T;

Publication
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing

Abstract

Supervised
thesis

2021

Enhanced multiview experiences through remote content selection and dynamic quality adaptation

Author
Tiago André Queiroz Soares da Costa

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Implementação de ferramentas de qualidade em processos industriais

Author
Maria Francisca Bernardino dos Santos Monteiro

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Managing a Robotic Process Automation Project Implementation

Author
Bernardo António Guedes Macieira

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Understanding the impact of fare reduction on urban passenger transport mobility

Author
Maria Leonor Teixeira Santos

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Comunidades de energia renovável no âmbito de produção e regime de mercado em Portugal

Author
Maria Inês Ferraz Araújo

Institution
UTAD