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015
Publications

2021

Reconfigurable Grasp Planning Pipeline with Grasp Synthesis and Selection Applied to Picking Operations in Aerospace Factories

Authors
Carvalho de Souza, JPC; Costa, CM; Rocha, LF; Arrais, R; Paulo Moreira, AP; Solteiro Pires, EJS; Boaventura Cunha, J;

Publication
Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing

Abstract

2020

Applying Software Static Analysis to ROS: The Case Study of the FASTEN European Project

Authors
Neto, T; Arrais, R; Sousa, A; Santos, A; Veiga, G;

Publication
Robot 2019: Fourth Iberian Robotics Conference - Advances in Robotics, Volume 1, Porto, Portugal, 20-22 November, 2019.

Abstract

2020

ROBIN: An open-source middleware for plug'n'produce of Cyber-Physical Systems

Authors
Arrais, R; Ribeiro, P; Domingos, H; Veiga, G;

Publication
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED ROBOTIC SYSTEMS

Abstract
Motivated by the Fourth Industrial Revolution, there is an ever-increasing need to integrated Cyber-Physical Systems in industrial production environments. To address the demand for flexible robotics in contemporary industrial environments and the necessity to integrate robots and automation equipment in an efficient manner, an effective, bidirectional, reliable and structured data interchange mechanism is required. As an answer to these requirements, this article presents ROBIN, an open-source middleware for achieving interoperability between the Robot Operating System and CODESYS, a softPLC that can run on embedded devices and that supports a variety of fieldbuses and industrial network protocols. The referred middleware was successfully applied and tested in various industrial applications such as battery management systems, motion, robotic manipulator and safety hardware control, and horizontal integration between a mobile manipulator and a conveyor system.

2020

Autonomous Scene Exploration for Robotics: A Conditional Random View-Sampling and Evaluation Using a Voxel-Sorting Mechanism for Efficient Ray Casting

Authors
Santos, J; Oliveira, M; Arrais, R; Veiga, G;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
Carrying out the task of the exploration of a scene by an autonomous robot entails a set of complex skills, such as the ability to create and update a representation of the scene, the knowledge of the regions of the scene which are yet unexplored, the ability to estimate the most efficient point of view from the perspective of an explorer agent and, finally, the ability to physically move the system to the selected Next Best View (NBV). This paper proposes an autonomous exploration system that makes use of a dual OcTree representation to encode the regions in the scene which are occupied, free, and unknown. The NBV is estimated through a discrete approach that samples and evaluates a set of view hypotheses that are created by a conditioned random process which ensures that the views have some chance of adding novel information to the scene. The algorithm uses ray-casting defined according to the characteristics of the RGB-D sensor, and a mechanism that sorts the voxels to be tested in a way that considerably speeds up the assessment. The sampled view that is estimated to provide the largest amount of novel information is selected, and the system moves to that location, where a new exploration step begins. The exploration session is terminated when there are no more unknown regions in the scene or when those that exist cannot be observed by the system. The experimental setup consisted of a robotic manipulator with an RGB-D sensor assembled on its end-effector, all managed by a Robot Operating System (ROS) based architecture. The manipulator provides movement, while the sensor collects information about the scene. Experimental results span over three test scenarios designed to evaluate the performance of the proposed system. In particular, the exploration performance of the proposed system is compared against that of human subjects. Results show that the proposed approach is able to carry out the exploration of a scene, even when it starts from scratch, building up knowledge as the exploration progresses. Furthermore, in these experiments, the system was able to complete the exploration of the scene in less time when compared to human subjects.

2019

FASTEN: EU-Brazil cooperation in IoT for manufacturing. The Embraer use

Authors
Reis, R; Diniz, F; Mizioka, L; Yamasaki, R; Lemos, G; Quintiães, M; Menezes, R; Caldas, N; Vita, R; Schultz, R; Arrais, R; Pereira, A;

Publication
MATEC Web of Conferences

Abstract
FASTEN is an H2020 project under a bilateral call UE-Brazil. Embraer is a global aerospace company, with manufacturing and assembly lines in Europe, Brazil and USA. FASTEN aims to advance IoT and IoT enabled applications to support Industry 4.0 concepts, namely in the area of automation and additive manufacturing. The project results will be demonstrated through two pilots: one in Brazil, lead by a ThyssenKrupp use case, and the other in Europe, at Embraer facilities in Portugal. The project results for the Embraer use case will be presented, with emphasis on bilateral collaboration gains provided by exploiting common frameworks for development and open architecture, and future opportunities for exploitation discussed.