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Publications

Publications by CPES

2020

The future of power systems: Challenges, trends, and upcoming paradigms

Authors
Lopes, JAP; Madureira, AG; Matos, M; Bessa, RJ; Monteiro, V; Afonso, JL; Santos, SF; Catalao, JPS; Antunes, CH; Magalhaes, P;

Publication
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment

Abstract

2020

Distributed multi-period three-phase optimal power flow using temporal neighbors

Authors
Pinto, R; Bessa, RJ; Sumaili, J; Matos, MA;

Publication
Electric Power Systems Research

Abstract
The penetration of distributed generation in medium (MV) and low (LV) voltage distribution grids has been steadily increasing every year in multiple countries, thus creating new technical challenges in grid operation and motivating developments in distributed optimization for flexibility management. The traditional centralized optimal power flow (OPF) algorithm can solve technical constraints violation. However, computational efficiency, new technologies (e.g., edge computing) and control architectures (e.g., web-of-cells) are demanding for distributed approaches. This work formulates a novel distributed multi-period OPF for three-phase unbalanced grids that is essential when integrating energy storage units in operational planning (e.g., day-ahead) of LV or local energy community grids. The decentralized constrained optimization problem is solved with the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) adapted for unbalanced LV grids and multi-period optimization problems. A 33-bus LV distribution grid is used as a case-study in order to define optimal battery storage scheduling along a finite time horizon that minimizes overall grid operational costs, while complying with technical constraints of the grid (e.g., voltage and current limits) and battery state-of-charge constraints. © 2020

2020

Participation of an EV Aggregator in the Reserve Market through Chance-Constrained Optimization

Authors
Faria, AS; Soares, T; Sousa, T; Matos, MA;

Publication
ENERGIES

Abstract
The adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) will revolutionize the storage capacity in the power system and, therefore, will contribute to mitigate the uncertainty of renewable generation. In addition, EVs have fast response capabilities and are suitable for frequency regulation, which is essential for the proliferation of intermittent renewable sources. To this end, EV aggregators will arise as a market representative party on behalf of EVs. Thus, this player will be responsible for supplying the power needed to charge EVs, as well as offering their flexibility to support the system. The main goal of EV aggregators is to manage the potential participation of EVs in the reserve market, accounting for their charging and travel needs. This work follows this trend by conceiving a chance-constrained model able to optimize EVs participation in the reserve market, taking into account the uncertain behavior of EVs and their charging needs. The proposed model, includes penalties in the event of a failure in the provision of upward or downward reserve. Therefore, stochastic and chance-constrained programming are used to handle the uncertainty of a small fleet of EVs and the risk profile of the EV aggregator. Two different relaxation approaches, i.e., Big-M and McCormick, of the chance-constrained model are tested and validated for different number of scenarios and risk levels, based on an actual test case in Denmark with actual driving patterns. As a final remark, the McCormick relaxation presents better performance when the uncertainty budget increases, which is appropriated for large-scale problems.

2020

A two-stage strategy for security-constrained AC dynamic transmission expansion planning

Authors
Gomes, PV; Saraiva, JT;

Publication
Electric Power Systems Research

Abstract
This paper presents a new and promising strategy organized in two stages to solve the dynamic multiyear transmission expansion planning, TEP, problem. Specifically, the first stage is related to the reduction of the search space size and it is conducted by a novel constructive heuristic algorithm (CHA). The second one is responsible for the refinement of the optimal solution plan and it uses a novel evolutionary algorithm based on the best features of particle swarm optimization (PSO) and genetic algorithm (GA). The planning problem is modelled as a dynamic and multiyear approach to ensure that it keeps a holistic view over the entire planning horizon and it aims at minimizing the total system costs comprising the investment and operation costs. Additionally, the N-1 contingency criterion is also considered in the problem. The developed approach was tested using the IEEE 118-Bus test system and the obtained results demonstrate its advantages in terms of efficiency and required computational time. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that the novel strategy can enable the utilization of the AC optimal power flow (OPF) in a faster and reliable way when compared to the standard and widespread DC-OPF model. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

2020

Wind variability mitigation using multi-energy systems

Authors
Coelho, A; Neyestani, N; Soares, F; Lopes, JP;

Publication
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems

Abstract
Around the world, there is a great concern with the emission of greenhouse gases, creating great interest in turning the energy systems more sustainable. Multi-energy systems are considered as a potential solution to help to this cause and in recent years, it has gained much attention from both research and industry. In this paper, an optimization model is proposed to use the flexibility of multi-energy systems to mitigate the uncertainty associated with wind generation. The differences between the flexibility provided by multi-energy systems and electrical storage systems in the network were studied. The results prove that the flexibility of the multi-energy systems can benefit the system in several aspects and provide insights on which is the best approach to take full advantage of renewable resources even when a high degree of uncertainty is present. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

2020

Aggregated dynamic model of active distribution networks for large voltage disturbances

Authors
Fulgencio, N; Moreira, C; Carvalho, L; Lopes, JP;

Publication
Electric Power Systems Research

Abstract

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