Moura, A; Antunes, J; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J;
2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC)
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are a key ingredient in the industry and in warehouse logistics digital transformation process, providing the ability to perform automatic cyclic counting and real-time inventory, localize hard-to-find items and reach narrow storage areas. The use of UAVs poses new challenges, such as indoor autonomous localization and navigation, collision avoidance and automated UAV fleet management. This paper addresses the development of a vision-based Graph-SLAM approach for UAV indoor localization without predefined warehouse markers positions. A framework is proposed and developed to support different commercial UAV platforms, allowing the estimation in real-time of the UAV position and attitude. Indoor experimental tests were carried out in order to evaluate the performance of the developed method, comparing the results obtained with an approach based on the pre-mapped markers position indoor localization method.
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