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Publications

Publications by CESE

2021

Urban travel behavior adaptation of temporary transnational residents

Authors
Monteiro, MM; Silva, JDE; Haustein, S; de Sousa, JP;

Publication
JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY

Abstract
Temporary transnational relocation is a growing type of migration. However, travel behavior adaptation of highly skilled temporary residents and its urban impacts have largely been ignored. This study extends the knowledge of mobility biographies, mobility cultures, and mobility of millennials by examining how temporary residents adapt their intra-urban travel behavior in response to a transnational relocation. The data used here comes from semi-structured interviews with students and researchers of nine different nationalities, aged between 19 and 31 years, temporarily living in Portugal (Lisbon or Porto). We found supporting evidence for the occurrence of residential self-selection, although prior information on study/workplace combined with low knowledge on neighborhood-level make it somewhat specific. Given their shortterm perspective, temporary residents are more prone to rely on public transport and non-motorized modes, having a low likelihood of purchasing vehicles. Thus, measures aimed at improving and facilitating the use of active modes can have an immediate effect on this group's travel behavior and contribute to reaching critical mass for these sustainable alternatives. Temporary residents are also a potentially interesting market segment for public transportation operators for increases in revenues, as they tend to display a relatively higher travel intensity and a wider diversity of activities and destinations. Finally, technology usage was found to reduce the stress-related to traveling to unfamiliar places by increasing the perceived spatial orientation, having the downside of generating a feeling of confidence that decreases the internalization of information. Providing timely and persuasive information at the very beginning of temporary residents' stay can help induce their travel behavior decisions.

2021

Defining and Prioritizing Indicators to Assess the Sustainability of Mobility Systems in Emerging Cities

Authors
Medina, JC; Pinho de Sousa, J; Jimenez Perez, E;

Publication
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing

Abstract
Mobility and urban planning are among the main problems that cities face in order to achieve sustainable development. The significant economic and social changes in emerging cities, as well as the urgency of environment protection, make sustainable urban mobility planning a very critical issue. Although sustainability is difficult to be measured directly, it can be assessed through a system of parameters that attempt to reflect its multiple aspects. The definition of adequate indicators constitutes an essential part of this process, even if the literature is already abundant in available metrics. This research proposes a set of indicators, grouped in different dimensions, as a tool for the assessment of sustainability in mobility systems, for the specific context of emerging cities. These dimensions and indicators are based on a comprehensive literature review on sustainable urban mobility indicators, subsequently subjected to validation with experts through surveys, semi-structured interviews and statistical analysis, in order to identify the indicators significance and their priority within the selected dimensions. © 2021, The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2021

Grasp the Challenge of Digital Transition in SMEs—A Training Course Geared towards Decision-Makers

Authors
Azevedo, A; Almeida, AH;

Publication
Education Sciences

Abstract
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Europe risk their competitiveness if they fail to embrace digitalization. Indeed, SMEs are aware of the need to digitalize—more than one in two SMEs are concerned that they may lose competitiveness if they do not adopt new digital technologies. However, a key obstacle is related with decision-makers’ lack of awareness concerning digital technologies potential and implications. Some decision-makers renounce digital transition simply because they do not understand how it can be incorporated into the business. Take into account this common reality, especially among SMEs, this research project intends to identify the skills and subjects that need to be addressed and suggests the educational methodology and implementation strategy capable of maximizing its success. Therefore, and supported by a focused group research methodology, an innovative training program, oriented to decision-makers, was designed and implemented. The program was conceived based on a self-directed learning methodology, combining both asynchronous lecture/expositive and active training methodologies, strongly based on state-of-the-art knowledge and supported by reference cases and real applications. It is intended that the trainees/participants become familiar with a comprehensive set of concepts, principles, methodologies, and tools, capable of significantly enhancing decision-making capability at both strategic and tactical level. The proposed programme with a multidisciplinary scope explores different thematic chapters (self-contained) as well as cross-cutting thematic disciplines, oriented to the Industry 4.0 and digital transformation paradigm. Topics related with Digital Maturity Assessment, Smart Factories and Flexible Production Systems, Big Data, and Artificial Intelligence for Smarter Decision-Making in Industry and Smart Materials and Products, as well as new production processes for new business models. Each thematic chapter in turn is structured around a variable set of elementary modules and includes examples and case studies to illustrate the selected topics. A teaching-learning methodology centered on an online platform is proposed, having as a central element, a collection of videos complemented by a set of handouts that organize the set of key messages and take-ways associated with each module. In this paper, we present the design and practice of this training course specifically oriented to decision-makers in SME.

2021

An IIoT Solution for SME’s

Authors
Cunha, B; Hernández, E; Rebelo, R; Sousa, C; Ferreira, F;

Publication
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering - CONTROLO 2020

Abstract

2021

Boosting E-Auditing Process Through E-Files Semantic Enrichment

Authors
Sousa, C; Carvalho, M; Pereira, C;

Publication
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing - Trends and Applications in Information Systems and Technologies

Abstract

2021

A Model for Designing SMES’ Digital Transformation Roadmap

Authors
Cunha, L; Sousa, C;

Publication
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing - Trends and Applications in Information Systems and Technologies

Abstract

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