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Publications

Publications by Susana Oliveira Silva

2016

[INVITED] New advances in fiber cavity ring-down technology

Authors
Silva, SO; Magalhaes, R; Marques, MB; Frazao, O;

Publication
OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY

Abstract
A brief review in the cavity ring-down technique (CRD) is presented. In this review, there will only be considered the conventional fiber CRD configuration, i.e., there will only be presented researches involving cavities with two couplers with 99:1 ratios, due to the large amount of publications involving this spectroscopy method. The presented survey is divided in different topics related to the measurement of physical parameters, such as strain and temperature, curvature, pressure, refractive index, gas and biochemical sensing.

2015

Acetone evaporation monitoring using a caterpillar-like microstructured fiber

Authors
Gomes, AD; Ferreira, MFS; Moura, JP; Andre, RM; Silva, SO; Kobelke, J; Bierlich, J; Wondraczek, K; Schuster, K; Frazao, O;

Publication
24TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS

Abstract
A new microstructured optical fiber is demonstrated to detect acetone evaporation by observing the time response of the reflected signal at 1550nm. The sensor consists on a caterpillar-like fiber, with a transversal microfluidic channel created with a Focused Ion Beam technique, spliced to a single-mode fiber. Different stages were visible between the dipping and the evaporation of acetone and of a mixture of water and acetone. It was also possible to detect the presence of water vapor.

2015

Ammonia sensing system based on wavelength modulation spectroscopy

Authors
Viveiros, D; Ferreira, J; Silva, SO; Ribeiro, J; Flores, D; Santos, JL; Frazao, O; Baptista, JM;

Publication
Photonic Sensors

Abstract
A sensing system in the near infrared region has been developed for ammonia sensing based on the wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) principle. The WMS is a rather sensitive technique for detecting atomic/molecular species, presenting the advantage that it can be used in the near-infrared region by using the optical telecommunications technology. In this technique, the laser wavelength and intensity were modulated by applying a sine wave signal through the injection current, which allowed the shift of the detection bandwidth to higher frequencies where laser intensity noise was typically lower. Two multi-pass cells based on free space light propagation with 160 cm and 16 cm of optical path length were used, allowing the redundancy operation and technology validation. This system used a diode laser with an emission wavelength at 1512.21 nm, where NH3 has a strong absorption line. The control of the NH3 gas sensing system, as well as acquisition, processing and data presentation was performed. © 2015, The Author(s).

2016

Cavity ring-down technique for remote sensing A proof-of-concept for displacement measurement

Authors
Silva, S; Marques, MB; Frazao, O;

Publication
SIXTH EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS

Abstract
This work demonstrates the viability of using a cavity ring-down technique (CRD) for remote sensing. A conventional CRD configuration is used where and optical circulator is added inside the fibre loop to couple 20 km of optical fibre with a gold mirror at its end with the purpose of remote sensing. As a proof-of-concept, an intensity sensor based on an eight-figure configuration is used at the end of the 20 km of fibre for displacement sensing. In this case, a commercial OTDR is used as modulated light source to send impulses down to the fibre ring.

2015

CHIRPED FIBER BRAGG GRATING CAVITY RING-DOWN FOR STRAIN SENSING USING AN OTDR

Authors
Silva, S; Passos, DJ; Marques, MB; Frazao, O;

Publication
MICROWAVE AND OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY LETTERS

Abstract
This work presents a fiber cavity ring down (CRD) configuration for the measurement of strain. An optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR) was used to send impulses down into the fiber loop cavity, inside of which a chirped fiber Bragg grating was placed to act as a strain sensing element. This technique could provide strain results with both conventional CRD-based configuration and the OTDR. The CRD configuration provided a linear response to strain applied in the range 0-2000 epsilon, and a sensitivity of 1.34 ns/epsilon was obtained. For the same operation range, the OTDR interrogation allowed obtaining a periodic behavior due to fiber Bragg grating scanning of the wavelength peaks of the multimode laser source while increasing strain. It is shown that the OTDR interrogation method provide a ring-down time response of about 8 s which is a great improvement when compared to the conventional CRD configuration (23 s). (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microwave Opt Technol Lett 57:1442-1444, 2015

2015

Curvature sensing using an added-signal in a fiber-optic cavity ring-down system

Authors
Silva, SO; Biswas, P; Bandyopadhyay, S; Jorge, PA; Marques, MB; Frazao, O;

Publication
24TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS

Abstract
This work presents a fiber-optic Cavity Ring-Down (CRD) configuration using an added-signal for curvature sensing. An Optical Time-Domain Reflectometer (OTDR) was used to send impulses down into the fiber loop cavity, inside of which a long period grating (LPG) was placed to act as sensing device. The added-signal was obtained by the sum of several conventional CRD impulses, thus providing an improvement on the curvature sensitivity when compared to the conventional CRD signal processing. Sensitivity to applied curvature of 15.3 mu s/m(-1) was obtained. This result was found to be 20-fold the one obtained for the conventional CRD signal processing.

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