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Publications by C-BER

2019

Combined phase and magnitude metric for validation of lower limb multibody dynamics muscle action with sEMG

Authors
Rodrigues, C; Correia, M; Abrantes, J; Nadal, J; Benedetti, M;

Publication
IFMBE Proceedings

Abstract
This study presents and applies combined phase and magnitude metrics for validation of multibody dynamics (MBD) estimated muscle actions with simultaneous registered sEMG of lower limb muscles. Subject-specific tests were performed for acquisition of ground reaction forces and kinematic data from joint reflective markers during NG, SKG and SR. Inverse kinematics and dynamics was performed using AnyBody musculoskeletal personalized modeling and simulation. MBD estimated muscle activity (MA) of soleus medialis (SM) and tibialis anterior (TA) were compared on phase, magnitude and combined metric with simultaneous acquisition of sEMG for the same muscles. Results from quantitative metrics presented better agreement between MDB MA and sEMG on phase (P) than on magnitude (M) with combined (C) metric following the same pattern as the magnitude. Soleus medialis presented for specific subject lower P and M error on NG and SKG than at SR with similar P errors for tibialis anterior and higher error on M for TA at NG and SKG than SR. Separately and combined quantitative metrics of phase and magnitude presents as a suitable tool for comparing measured sEMG and MBD estimated muscle activities, contributing to overcome qualitative and subjective comparisons, need for intensive observer supervision, low reproducibility and time consuming. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019.

2019

Spherical angular analysis for pelvis coordination assessment on modified gait

Authors
Rodrigues, C; Correia, M; Abrantes, J; Nadal, J; Benedetti, M;

Publication
IFMBE Proceedings

Abstract
This study presents and applies 3D spherical angular analysis in relation with 2D polar coordinates to assess anatomic pelvic movement on modified gait, namely stiff knee (SKG) gait and slow running (SR) comparing with normal gait (NG). Subject specific analysis was performed of an adult healthy male based on inverse kinematics from in vivo and noninvasive capture at human movement lab of reflective markers position from pelvis anatomical selected points with Qualisys camera system during a complete stride of NG, SKG and SR. Radial distance (R), pitch (?) and azimuth (?) angular phases were computed from pelvic angle-angle diagrams (?T, ?C, ?S) at transverse (T), coronal (C) and sagittal (S) planes, and angular phase (?) and planar radial distance (r) polar coordinates computed from pelvic angle-angle diagrams projections at cartesian planes (?T, ?C), (?T, ?S), (?C, ?S). Average radial distances and phase standard deviation were assessed on spherical and polar coordinates. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019.

2019

Methodological considerations for kinematic analysis of upper limbs in healthy and poststroke adults. Part I: A systematic review of sampling and motor tasks

Authors
Mesquita, IA; Pinheiro, ARV; Velhote Correia, MFP; Silva, CICD;

Publication
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

Abstract

2019

An unsupervised metaheuristic search approach for segmentation and volume measurement of pulmonary nodules in lung CT scans

Authors
Shakibapour, E; Cunha, A; Aresta, G; Mendonca, AM; Campilho, A;

Publication
Expert Systems with Applications

Abstract
This paper proposes a new methodology to automatically segment and measure the volume of pulmonary nodules in lung computed tomography (CT) scans. Estimating the malignancy likelihood of a pulmonary nodule based on lesion characteristics motivated the development of an unsupervised pulmonary nodule segmentation and volume measurement as a preliminary stage for pulmonary nodule characterization. The idea is to optimally cluster a set of feature vectors composed by intensity and shape-related features in a given feature data space extracted from a pre-detected nodule. For that purpose, a metaheuristic search based on evolutionary computation is used for clustering the corresponding feature vectors. The proposed method is simple, unsupervised and is able to segment different types of nodules in terms of location and texture without the need for any manual annotation. We validate the proposed segmentation and volume measurement on the Lung Image Database Consortium and Image Database Resource Initiative – LIDC-IDRI dataset. The first dataset is a group of 705 solid and sub-solid (assessed as part-solid and non-solid) nodules located in different regions of the lungs, and the second, more challenging, is a group of 59 sub-solid nodules. The average Dice scores of 82.35% and 71.05% for the two datasets show the good performance of the segmentation proposal. Comparisons with previous state-of-the-art techniques also show acceptable and comparable segmentation results. The volumes of the segmented nodules are measured via ellipsoid approximation. The correlation and statistical significance between the measured volumes of the segmented nodules and the ground-truth are obtained by Pearson correlation coefficient value, obtaining an R-value = 92.16% with a significance level of 5%. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

2019

Convolutional Neural Network Architectures for Texture Classification of Pulmonary Nodules

Authors
Ferreira, CA; Cunha, A; Mendonça, AM; Campilho, A;

Publication
Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications - Lecture Notes in Computer Science

Abstract

2019

CATARACTS: Challenge on automatic tool annotation for cataRACT surgery

Authors
Al Hajj, H; Lamard, M; Conze, PH; Roychowdhury, S; Hu, XW; Marsalkaite, G; Zisimopoulos, O; Dedmari, MA; Zhao, FQ; Prellberg, J; Sahu, M; Galdran, A; Araujo, T; Vo, DM; Panda, C; Dahiya, N; Kondo, S; Bian, ZB; Vandat, A; Bialopetravicius, J; Flouty, E; Qiu, CH; Dill, S; Mukhopadhyay, A; Costa, P; Aresta, G; Ramamurthys, S; Lee, SW; Campilho, A; Zachow, S; Xia, SR; Conjeti, S; Stoyanov, D; Armaitis, J; Heng, PA; Macready, WG; Cochener, B; Quellec, G;

Publication
Medical Image Analysis

Abstract
Surgical tool detection is attracting increasing attention from the medical image analysis community. The goal generally is not to precisely locate tools in images, but rather to indicate which tools are being used by the surgeon at each instant. The main motivation for annotating tool usage is to design efficient solutions for surgical workflow analysis, with potential applications in report generation, surgical training and even real-time decision support. Most existing tool annotation algorithms focus on laparoscopic surgeries. However, with 19 million interventions per year, the most common surgical procedure in the world is cataract surgery. The CATARACTS challenge was organized in 2017 to evaluate tool annotation algorithms in the specific context of cataract surgery. It relies on more than nine hours of videos, from 50 cataract surgeries, in which the presence of 21 surgical tools was manually annotated by two experts. With 14 participating teams, this challenge can be considered a success. As might be expected, the submitted solutions are based on deep learning. This paper thoroughly evaluates these solutions: in particular, the quality of their annotations are compared to that of human interpretations. Next, lessons learnt from the differential analysis of these solutions are discussed. We expect that they will guide the design of efficient surgery monitoring tools in the near future. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

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