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Publications

Publications by Luís Guimarães

2015

A decision support system for the operational production planning and scheduling of an integrated pulp and paper mill

Authors
Figueira, G; Amorim, P; Guimaraes, L; Amorim Lopes, M; Neves Moreira, F; Almada Lobo, B;

Publication
COMPUTERS & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Abstract
Production planning and scheduling in the process industry in general and in the pulp and paper (P&P) sector in particular can be very challenging. Most practitioners, however, address those activities relying only on spreadsheets, which is time-consuming and sub-optimal. The literature has reported some decision support systems (DSSs) that are far from the state-of-the-art with regard to optimization models and methods, and several research works that do not address industrial issues. We contribute to reduce that gap by developing and describing a DSS that resulted from several iterations with a P&P company and from a thorough review of the literature on process systems engineering. The DSS incorporates relevant industrial features (which motivated the development of a specific model), exhibits important technical details (such as the connection to existing systems and user-friendly interfaces) and shows how optimization can be integrated in real world applications, enhanced by key pre- and post-optimization procedures.

2016

A long-haul freight transportation problem: Synchronizing resources to deliver requests passing through multiple transshipment locations

Authors
Neves Moreira, F; Amorim, P; Guimaraes, L; Almada Lobo, B;

Publication
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH

Abstract
This research aims at tackling a real-world long-haul freight transportation problem where tractors are allowed to exchange semi-trailers through several transshipment points until a request reaches its destiny. The unique characteristics of the considered logistics network allow for providing long-haul services by means of short-haul jobs, drastically reducing empty truck journeys. A greater flexibility is achieved with faster responses. Furthermore, the planning goals as well as the nature of the considered trips led to the definition of a new problem, the long-haul freight transportation problem with multiple transshipment locations. A novel mathematical formulation is developed to ensure resource synchronization while including realistic features, which are commonly found separately in the literature. Considering the complexity and dimension of this routing and scheduling problem, a mathematical programming heuristic (matheuristic) is developed with the objective of obtaining good quality solutions in a reasonable amount of time, considering the logistics business context. We provide a comparison between the results obtained for 79 real-world instances. The developed solution method is now the basis of a decision support system of a Portuguese logistics operator (LO).

2015

Industrial insights into lot sizing and schedulingmodeling

Authors
Almada Lobo, B; Clark, A; Guimarães, L; Figueira, G; Amorim, P;

Publication
Pesquisa Operacional

Abstract
Lot sizing and scheduling by mixed integer programming has been a hot research topic inthe last 20 years. Researchers have been trying to develop stronger formulations, as well as to incorporatereal-world requirements from different applications. This paper illustrates some of these requirements anddemonstrates how small- and big-bucket models have been adapted and extended. Motivation comes fromdifferent industries, especially from process and fast-moving consumer goods industries. © 2015 Brazilian Operations Research Society.

2015

Modeling lot sizing and scheduling in practice

Authors
Guimarães, L; Figueira, G; Amorim, P; Almada Lobo, B;

Publication
Operations Research and Big Data: IO2015-XVII Congress of Portuguese Association of Operational Research (APDIO)

Abstract
Lot sizing and scheduling by mixed integer programming has been a hot research topic in the last 20 years. Researchers have been trying to develop stronger formulations, as well as to incorporate real-world requirements from different applications. In this paper we illustrate some of these requirements and show howmodels have been adapted and extended. Motivation comes from different industries, especially from process and fast moving consumer goods industries.

2014

Annual Distribution Budget in the Beverage Industry: A Case Study

Authors
Guimaraes, L; Amorim, P; Sperandio, F; Moreira, F; Almada Lobo, B;

Publication
INTERFACES

Abstract
Unicer, a major Portuguese beverage company, improved its tactical distribution planning decisions and study alternative scenarios for its supply strategies and network configuration as result of an operations research (OR)-driven process. In this paper, we present the decision support system responsible for this new methodology. At the core of this system is a mathematical programming-based heuristic that includes decision variables that address transportation and inventory management problems. Unicer runs a set of production and distribution platforms with various characteristics to fulfill customers demand. The main challenge of our work was to develop a tactical distribution plan, which Unicer calls an annual distribution budget, as realistically as possible without jeopardizing the nature of the strategic and tactical tool. The company had a complex tactical distribution planning problem because of the increasing variety of its stock-keeping units and its need for a flexible distribution network to satisfy its customers, who demand a very fragmented set of products. Atypical flows of finished products from Unicer's distribution centers to its production platforms are a major cause of this complexity, which yields an intricate supply chain. The quality of the solutions we provided and the implementation of a user-friendly interface and editable inputs and outputs for our decision support system motivated company practitioners to use it. Unicer saves approximately two million euros annually and provides better information to its decision makers. As a result, these decision makers now view their operations from a more OR-based perspective.

2014

Modeling lotsizing and scheduling problems with sequence dependent setups

Authors
Guimaraes, L; Klabjan, D; Almada Lobo, B;

Publication
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH

Abstract
Several production environments require simultaneous planing of sizing and scheduling of sequences of production lots. Integration of sequencing decisions in lotsizing and scheduling problems has received an increased attention from the research community due to its inherent applicability to real world problems. A two-dimensional classification framework is proposed to survey and classify the main modeling approaches to integrate sequencing decisions in discrete time lotsizing and scheduling models. The Asymmetric Traveling Salesman Problem can be an important source of ideas to develop more efficient models and methods to this problem. Following this research line, we also present a new formulation for the problem using commodity flow based subtour elimination constraints. Computational experiments are conducted to assess the performance of the various models, in terms of running times and upper bounds, when solving real-word size instances.

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