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Publications

Publications by Cristina Ribeiro

2015

A Comparative Study of Platforms for Research Data Management: Interoperability, Metadata Capabilities and Integration Potential

Authors
Amorim, RC; Castro, JA; da Silva, JR; Ribeiro, C;

Publication
NEW CONTRIBUTIONS IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES, VOL 1, PT 1

Abstract
Research data management is acknowledged as an important concern for institutions and several platforms to support data deposits have emerged. In this paper we start by overviewing the current practices in the data management workflow and identifying the stakeholders in this process. We then compare four recently proposed data repository platforms-DSpace, CKAN, Zenodo and Figshare-considering their architecture, support for metadata, API completeness, as well as their search mechanisms and community acceptance. To evaluate these features, we take into consideration the identified stakeholders' requirements. In the end, we argue that, depending on local requirements, different data repositories can meet some of the stakeholders requirements. Nevertheless, there is still room for improvements, mainly regarding the compatibility with the description of data from different research domains, to further improve data reuse.

2016

Effects of Language and Terminology on the Usage of Health Query Suggestions

Authors
Lopes, CT; Ribeiro, C;

Publication
EXPERIMENTAL IR MEETS MULTILINGUALITY, MULTIMODALITY, AND INTERACTION, CLEF 2016

Abstract
Searching for health information is one of the most popular activities on the Web. In this domain, users frequently encounter difficulties in query formulation, either because they lack knowledge of the proper medical terms or because they misspell them. To overcome these difficulties and attempt to retrieve higher-quality content, we developed a query suggestion system that provides alternative queries combining the users' native language and English language with lay and medico-scientific terminology. To assess how the language and terminology impact the use of suggestions, we conducted a user study with 40 subjects considering their English proficiency, health literacy and topic familiarity. Results show that suggestions are used most often at the beginning of search sessions. English suggestions tend to be preferred to the ones formulated in the users' native language, at all levels of English proficiency. Medico-scientific suggestions tend to be preferred to lay suggestions at higher levels of health literacy.

2015

Effects of terminology on health queries: An analysis by user's health literacy and topic familiarity

Authors
Lopes, CT; Ribeiro, C;

Publication
Advances in Librarianship

Abstract
Prior studies have shown that terminology support can improve health information retrieval but have not taken into account the characteristics of the user performing the search. In this chapter, the impact of translating queries' terms between lay and medico-scientific terminology, in users with different levels of health literacy and topic familiarity, is evaluated. Findings demonstrate that medico-scientific queries demand more from the users and are mostly aimed at health professionals. In addition, these queries retrieve documents that are less readable and less well understood by users. Despite this, medico-scientific queries are associated with higher precision in the top-10 retrieved documents results and tend slightly to generate knowledge with less incorrect contents, the researchers concluded that search engines should provide query suggestions with medico-scientific terminology, whenever the user is able to digest it, that is, in users above the lowest levels of health literacy and topic familiarity. On the other hand, retrieval systems should provide lay alternative queries in users with inadequate health literacy or in those unfamiliar with a topic. In fact, the quantity of incorrect contents in the knowledge that emerges from a medico-scientific session tends to decrease with topic familiarity and health literacy. In terms of topic familiarity, the opposite happens with Graded Average Precision. Moreover, users most familiar with a topic tend to have higher motivational relevance with medico-scientific queries than with lay queries. This work is the first to consider user context features while studying the impact of a query processing technique in several aspects of the retrieval process, including the medical accuracy of the acquired knowledge. © 2015 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

2016

End-to-End Research Data Management Workflows A Case Study with Dendro and EUDAT

Authors
Silva, F; Amorim, RC; Castro, JA; da Silva, JR; Ribeiro, C;

Publication
METADATA AND SEMANTICS RESEARCH, MTSR 2016

Abstract
Depositing and sharing research data is at the core of open science practices. However, institutions in the long tail of science are struggling to properly manage large amounts of data. Support for research data management is still fragile, and most existing solutions adopt generic metadata schemas for data description. These might be unable to capture the production contexts of many datasets, making them harder to interpret. EUDAT is a large ongoing EU-funded project that aims to provide a platform to help researchers manage their datasets and share them when they are ready to be published. Data-Publication@U. Porto is an EUDAT Data Pilot proposing the integration between Dendro, a prototype research data management platform, and the EUDAT B2Share module. The goal is to offer researchers a streamlined workflow: they organize and describe their data in Dendro as soon as they are available, and decide when to deposit in a data repository. Dendro integrates with the API of B2Share, automatically filling the standard metadata descriptors and complementing the data package with additional files for domain-specific descriptors. Our integration offers researchers a simple but complete workflow, from data preparation and description to data deposit.

2015

Motivators and Deterrents for Data Description and Publication: Preliminary Results

Authors
Ribeiro, C; da Silva, JR; Castro, JA; Amorim, RC; Fortuna, P;

Publication
ON THE MOVE TO MEANINGFUL INTERNET SYSTEMS: OTM 2015 WORKSHOPS

Abstract
In the recent trend of data-intensive science, data publication is essential and institutions have to promote it with the researchers. For the past decade, institutional repositories have been widely established for publications, and the motivations for deposit are well established. The situation is quite different for data, as we argue on the basis of a 5-year experience with research data management at the University of Porto. We address research data management from a disciplined yet flexible point of view, focusing on domain-specific metadata models embedded in intuitive tools, to make it easier for researchers to publish their datasets. We use preliminary data from a recent experiment in data publishing to identify motivators and deterrents for data publishing.

2015

Ontologies for Research Data Description: A Design Process Applied to Vehicle Simulation

Authors
Castro, JA; Perrotta, D; Amorim, RC; da Silva, JR; Ribeiro, C;

Publication
METADATA AND SEMANTICS RESEARCH, MTSR 2015

Abstract
Data description is an essential part of research data management, and it is easy to argue for the importance of describing data early in the research workflow. Specific metadata schemas are often proposed to support description. Given the diversity of research domains, such schemas are often missing, and when available they may be too generic, too complex or hard to incorporate in a description platform. In this paper we present a method used to design metadata models for research data description as ontologies. Ontologies are gaining acceptance as knowledge representation structures, and we use them here in the scope of the Dendro platform. The ontology design process is illustrated with a case study from Vehicle Simulation. According to the design process, the resulting model was validated by a domain specialist.

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