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Publications

Publications by CAP

2021

Experimental investigation of a strain gauge sensor based on Fiber Bragg Grating for diameter measurement

Authors
Cardoso, VHR; Caldas, P; Giraldi, MTR; Frazao, O; de Carvalho, CJR; Costa, JCWA; Santos, JL;

Publication
Optical Fiber Technology

Abstract
A strain gauge sensor based on Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) for diameter measurement is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensor is easily fabricated inserting the FBG on the strain gauge—it was fabricated using a 3D printer—and fixing the FBG in two points of this structure. The idea is to vary the diameter of the structure. We developed two experimental setups, the first one is used to evaluate the response of the FBG to strain and the second one to assess the possibility of using the structure developed to monitor the desired parameter. The results demonstrated that the structure can be used as a way to monitor the diameter variation in some applications. The sensor presented a sensitivity of 0.5361 nm/mm and a good linear response of 0.9976 using the Strain Gauge with FBG and fused taper. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.

2021

Giant Displacement Sensitivity Using Push-Pull Method in Interferometry

Authors
Robalinho, P; Frazao, O;

Publication
Photonics

Abstract
We present a giant sensitivity displacement sensor combining the push-pull method and enhanced Vernier effect. The displacement sensor consists in two interferometers that are composed by two cleaved standard optical fibers coupled by a 3 dB coupler and combined with a double-sided mirror. The push pull-method is applied to the mirror creating a symmetrical change to the length of each interferometer. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the Vernier effect has a maximum sensitivity of two-fold that obtained with a single interferometer. The combination of the push-pull method and the Vernier effect in the displacement sensors allows a sensitivity of 60 ± 1 nm/µm when compared with a single interferometer working in the same free spectral range. In addition, exploring the maximum performance of the displacement sensors, a sensitivity of 254 ± 6 nm/µm is achieved, presenting a M-factor of 1071 and MVernier of 1.9 corresponding to a resolution of 79 pm. This new solution allows the implementation of giant-sensitive displacement measurement for a wide range of applications.

2021

Hardware-neutral tools for the exploration of optical phenomena in near-resonant atomic systems

Authors
Silva, NA; Ferreira, T; Guerreiro, A;

Publication
International Journal of Modern Physics C

Abstract

2021

Intensity-modulated refractometer based on mode-mismatch in surface waveguides inscribed by femtosecond laser direct writing

Authors
Amorim, VA; Viveiros, D; Maia, JM; Marques, PVS;

Publication
OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY

Abstract
Optical waveguides were fabricated at the surface of Eagle2000 glass substrates, using femtosecond laser direct writing and wet etching, and their potential as intensity-modulated refractometers was assessed. Through the analysis of their broadband spectral response to different refractive index oils, we observed that mode mismatch is present when the guided mode reaches the surface of the substrate and interacts with the external medium, thus enabling the use of such optical waveguides in refractive index sensing. Refractive indices equal to or greater than that of the substrate also induced a coupling mechanism that was shown not to be suitable in these devices. The device's wavelength of operation was found to be tunable by controlling the distance between the surface and the center of the optical waveguide. However, the sensitivity was seen to diminish by increasing the latter, being nonexistent for distances greater than 5.5 mu m. In this study, the maximum sensitivity values were found for a surface to core center distance between 1 and 2 mu m, in the biological range, and 2.5 to 3 mu m, for a refractive index nearing that of the substrate. Accordingly, maximum sensitivities of approximate to 25 dB/RIU and approximate to 1200 dB/RIU were found between 1.300 < n(D)(25)degrees(C) < 1.400 and 1.490 < n(D)(25)degrees(C) < 1.500, respectively.

2021

Detection of biogenic amines in several foods with different sample treatments: An overview

Authors
Vasconcelos, H; de Almeida, JMMM; Matias, A; Saraiva, C; Jorge, PAS; Coelho, LCC;

Publication
Trends in Food Science & Technology

Abstract

2021

Femtosecond laser micromachining of an optofluidics-based monolithic whispering-gallery mode resonator coupled to a suspended waveguide

Authors
Maia, JM; Amorim, VA; Viveiros, D; Marques, PVS;

Publication
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Abstract
A monolithic lab-on-a-chip fabricated by femtosecond laser micromachining capable of label-free biosensing is reported. The device is entirely made of fused silica, and consists of a microdisk resonator integrated inside a microfluidic channel. Whispering gallery modes are excited by the evanescent field of a circular suspended waveguide, also incorporated within the channel. Thermal annealing is performed to decrease the surface roughness of the microstructures to a nanometric scale, thereby reducing intrinsic losses and maximizing the Q-factor. Further, thermally-induced morphing is used to position, with submicrometric precision, the suspended waveguide tangent to the microresonator to enhance the spatial overlap between the evanescent field of both optical modes. With this fabrication method and geometry, the alignment between the waveguide and the resonator is robust and guaranteed at all instances. A maximum sensitivity of 121.5 nm/RIU was obtained at a refractive index of 1.363, whereas near the refractive index range of water-based solutions the sensitivity is 40 nm/RIU. A high Q-factor of 10(5) is kept throughout the entire measurement range.

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