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Susana Novais is graduated in Biomedical Engineering from the Bragança Polytechnic Institute, Portugal. In 2019 she received the Ph.D. degree in Physical Engineering at the University of Aveiro, Portugal, on optical fiber sensors for challenging media. In last 5 years, she has published about 21 papers in international journal, book chapters and conference proceedings. Her field expertise is optical fiber sensors applied to the lithium ion batteries, optical fiber designs and their applications in chemically challenging media. She is currently an Assistant Researcher at the Center for Applied Photonics (CAP) at INESC TEC and her current research interests are optical fiber sensors for medical applications.

Interest
Topics
Details

## Details

• #### Name

Susana Novais
• #### Cluster

Networked Intelligent Systems
• #### Role

Assistant Researcher
• #### Since

01st April 2019

Portugal
• #### Centre

Applied Photonics
• #### Contacts

+351220402301
susana.novais@inesctec.pt
001
Publications

2021

### Application of a Fiber Optic Refractometric Sensor to Measure the Concentration of Paracetamol in Crystallization Experiments

Authors
Soares, L; Cruz, P; Novais, S; Ferreira, A; Frazao, O; Silva, S;

Publication
IEEE INSTRUMENTATION & MEASUREMENT MAGAZINE

Abstract
A refractometric sensor was applied to measure in real-time the concentration of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) in crystallization experiments. Paracetamol was used as a model system due to the extensive literature available for this API. The refractometric sensor was fabricated by a simple and inexpensive method that consisted in splicing a short section of a multimode fiber to a single mode fiber. The compact geometry of this sensor, with an external diameter of just $125\ \mu\mathrm{m}$, allowed it to measure the concentration of paracetamol, both in a stirred tank crystallizer operating in batch and in an oscillatory flow crystallizer operating continuously. The proposed technique shows the potential to monitor the concentration of APIs in crystallizers of different sizes and geometries as an alternative to more expensive and complex analysis equipment.

2020

### Curvature detection in a medical needle using a Fabry-Perot cavity as an intensity sensor

Authors
Novais, S; Silva, SO; Frazao, O;

Publication
Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation

Abstract
The use of optical sensors inside the needle can improve targeting precision and can bring real-time information about the location of the needle tip if necessary, since a needle bends through insertion into the tissue. Therefore, the precise location of the needle tip is so important in percutaneous treatments. In the current experiment, a fiber sensor based on a Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity is described to measure the needle curvature. The sensor is fabricated by producing an air bubble between two sections of multimode fiber. The needle with the sensor therein was attached at one end and deformed by the application of movements. The sensor presents a sensitivity of -0.152 dB/m-1 to the curvature measurements, with a resolution of 0.089 m-1. The sensory structure revealed to be stable, obtaining a cross-sensitivity to be 0.03 m-1/°C. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

2020

### Detection of the Crystallization Process of Paracetamol with a Multi-Mode Optical Fiber in a Reflective Configuration

Authors
Soares, L; Novais, S; Ferreira, A; Frazao, O; Silva, S;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
A configuration of a refractometer sensor is described with the aim of optically detecting the crystallization process of paracetamol. The developed sensing head is based on a conventional cleaved multi-mode fiber. The fiber tip sensor structure was submitted to contact with the liquid of interest (paracetamol fully dissolved in 40% v/v of ethanol/water) and the crystallization process of paracetamol, induced with continued exposure to air, was monitored in real time.

2020

### Optical Fiber Temperature Sensors and Their Biomedical Applications

Authors
Roriz, P; Silva, S; Frazao, O; Novais, S;

Publication
Sensors

Abstract
The use of sensors in the real world is on the rise, providing information on medical diagnostics for healthcare and improving quality of life. Optical fiber sensors, as a result of their unique properties (small dimensions, capability of multiplexing, chemical inertness, and immunity to electromagnetic fields) have found wide applications, ranging from structural health monitoring to biomedical and point-of-care instrumentation. Furthermore, these sensors usually have good linearity, rapid response for real-time monitoring, and high sensitivity to external perturbations. Optical fiber sensors, thus, present several features that make them extremely attractive for a wide variety of applications, especially biomedical applications. This paper reviews achievements in the area of temperature optical fiber sensors, different configurations of the sensors reported over the last five years, and application of this technology in biomedical applications.

2020

### New Material Concepts

Authors
Nunes, JP; Costa, AJ; Rodrigues, DSS; Covas, JA; Viana, JC; Pontes, AJ; Duarte, FM; Fernandes, FMB; Camacho, E; Santos, TG; Inácio, PL; Nascimento, M; Paixão, T; Novais, S; Pinto, JL;

Publication