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About

Susana Novais is graduated in Biomedical Engineering from the Bragança Polytechnic Institute, Portugal. In 2019 she received the Ph.D. degree in Physical Engineering at the University of Aveiro, Portugal, on optical fiber sensors for challenging media. In last 5 years, she has published about 21 papers in international journal, book chapters and conference proceedings. Her field expertise is optical fiber sensors applied to the lithium ion batteries, optical fiber designs and their applications in chemically challenging media. She is currently an Assistant Researcher at the Center for Applied Photonics (CAP) at INESC TEC and her current research interests are optical fiber sensors for medical applications.

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Topics
Details

Details

  • Nationality

    Portugal
  • Centre

    Applied Photonics
  • Contacts

    +351220402301
    susana.novais@inesctec.pt
Publications

2020

Curvature detection in a medical needle using a Fabry-Perot cavity as an intensity sensor

Authors
Novais, S; Silva, SO; Frazao, O;

Publication
Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation

Abstract
The use of optical sensors inside the needle can improve targeting precision and can bring real-time information about the location of the needle tip if necessary, since a needle bends through insertion into the tissue. Therefore, the precise location of the needle tip is so important in percutaneous treatments. In the current experiment, a fiber sensor based on a Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity is described to measure the needle curvature. The sensor is fabricated by producing an air bubble between two sections of multimode fiber. The needle with the sensor therein was attached at one end and deformed by the application of movements. The sensor presents a sensitivity of -0.152 dB/m-1 to the curvature measurements, with a resolution of 0.089 m-1. The sensory structure revealed to be stable, obtaining a cross-sensitivity to be 0.03 m-1/°C. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

2020

Detection of the Crystallization Process of Paracetamol with a Multi-Mode Optical Fiber in a Reflective Configuration

Authors
Soares, L; Novais, S; Ferreira, A; Frazao, O; Silva, S;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
A configuration of a refractometer sensor is described with the aim of optically detecting the crystallization process of paracetamol. The developed sensing head is based on a conventional cleaved multi-mode fiber. The fiber tip sensor structure was submitted to contact with the liquid of interest (paracetamol fully dissolved in 40% v/v of ethanol/water) and the crystallization process of paracetamol, induced with continued exposure to air, was monitored in real time.

2020

Embedded Fiber Sensors to Monitor Temperature and Strain of Polymeric Parts Fabricated by Additive Manufacturing and Reinforced with NiTi Wires

Authors
Nascimento, M; Inácio, P; Paixão, T; Camacho, E; Novais, S; Santos, TG; Fernandes, FMB; Pinto, JL;

Publication
Sensors

Abstract
This paper focuses on three main issues regarding Material Extrusion (MEX) Additive Manufacturing (AM) of thermoplastic composites reinforced by pre-functionalized continuous Nickel–Titanium (NiTi) wires: (i) Evaluation of the effect of the MEX process on the properties of the pre-functionalized NiTi, (ii) evaluation of the mechanical and thermal behavior of the composite material during usage, (iii) the inspection of the parts by Non-Destructive Testing (NDT). For this purpose, an optical fiber sensing network, based on fiber Bragg grating and a cascaded optical fiber sensor, was successfully embedded during the 3D printing of a polylactic acid (PLA) matrix reinforced by NiTi wires. Thermal and mechanical perturbations were successfully registered as a consequence of thermal and mechanical stimuli. During a heating/cooling cycle, a maximum contraction of ˜100 µm was detected by the cascaded sensor in the PLA material at the end of the heating step (induced by Joule effect) of NiTi wires and a thermal perturbation associated with the structural transformation of austenite to R-phase was observed during the natural cooling step, near 33.0 °C. Regarding tensile cycling tests, higher increases in temperature arose when the applied force ranged between 0.7 and 1.1 kN, reaching a maximum temperature variation of 9.5 ± 0.1 °C. During the unload step, a slope change in the temperature behavior was detected, which is associated with the material transformation of the NiTi wire (martensite to austenite). The embedded optical sensing methodology presented here proved to be an effective and precise tool to identify structural transformations regarding the specific application as a Non-Destructive Testing for AM.

2019

Humidity sensor based on optical fiber coated with agarose gel

Authors
Novais, S; Ferreira, MS; Pinto, JL;

Publication
Optical Sensors 2019

Abstract

2019

Internal strain and temperature discrimination with optical fiber hybrid sensors in Li-ion batteries

Authors
Nascimento, M; Novais, S; Ding, MS; Ferreira, MS; Koch, S; Passerini, S; Pinto, JL;

Publication
JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES

Abstract
Strain and temperature are critical parameters to monitor in Li-ion batteries (LIBs) to improve their safety and long-term cycling stability. High local current densities can result in a massive heat release, decomposition of the electrolyte, gas evolution and even explosion of the battery cell, known as thermal runaway. However, the corrosive chemical environment in the batteries is a challenge to monitor strain and temperature. Optical fiber sensors, due to their high chemical stability and small diameter, can be embedded within the LIBs, thus becoming an interesting solution for operando and in situ measurements. In this work, a hybrid sensing network constituted by fiber Bragg gratings and Fabry-Perot cavities is proposed for the discrimination of strain and temperature. The proof-of-concept was performed by attaching the sensing network to the surface of a smart phone battery. Afterwards, it was embedded in a Li-ion pouch cell to monitor and simultaneously discriminate internal strain and temperature variations in three different locations. Higher thermal and strain variations are observed in the middle position. The methodology presented proves to be a feasible and non-invasive solution for internal, real-time, multipoint and operando temperature and strain monitoring of LIBs, which is crucial for their safety.