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Details

  • Name

    Pedro Campos
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Senior Researcher
  • Since

    01st January 2010
001
Publications

2020

Determinants of university employee intrapreneurial behavior: The case of Latvian universities

Authors
Valka, K; Roseira, C; Campos, P;

Publication
Industry and Higher Education

Abstract
As the ongoing evolution in the higher education sector changes the roles of universities, entrepreneurial practices become more prominent in their agendas. The literature on academic entrepreneurship focuses predominantly on the commercialization of research and less on other intrapreneurial activities—namely those performed by non-academic employees. To fill this gap, this study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence universities’ faculty members and non-academic staff to engage in intrapreneurial activities. The article analyzes Latvian university employees’ perceptions of 13 organizational, individual, and environmental factors and how they influence intrapreneurial behavior. Regarding the organizational factors, the results show that higher trust in managers, more available resources for innovative ideas, less formal rules and procedures, and greater freedom in decision-making can lead to higher levels of intrapreneurial behavior. With regard to individual factors, intrapreneurial behavior is associated with an employee’s initiative, but is not correlated with risk-taking and personal initiative. As to external factors, while environmental munificence is positively correlated with innovativeness, dynamism and unfavorable change influence employees’ engagement in intrapreneurial activities.

2020

Evolution of Business Collaboration Networks: An Exploratory Study Based on Multiple Factor Analysis

Authors
Duarte, P; Campos, P;

Publication
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing - Decision Economics: Complexity of Decisions and Decisions for Complexity

Abstract

2019

Digital Piracy: Factors that Influence the Intention to Pirate – A Structural Equation Model Approach

Authors
Meireles, R; Campos, P;

Publication
International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction

Abstract

2019

Innovation and Employment: An Agent-Based Approach

Authors
Neves, F; Campos, P; Silva, S;

Publication
JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION

Abstract
While the effects of innovation on employment have been a controversial issue in economic literature for several years, this economic puzzle is particularly relevant nowadays. We are witnessing tremendous technological developments which threaten to disrupt the labour market, due to their potential for significantly automating human labour. As such, this paper presents a qualitative study of the dynamics underlying the relationship between innovation and employment, using an agent-based model developed in Python. The model represents an economy populated by firms able to perform either Product Innovation (leading to the discovery of new tasks, which require human labour) or Process Innovation (leading to the automation of tasks previously performed by humans). The analysis led to three major conclusions, valid in this context. The first takeaway is that the Employment Rate in a given economy is dependent on the automation potential of the tasks in that economy and dependent on the type of innovation performed by firms in that economy (with Product Innovation having a positive effect on employment and Process Innovation having a negative effect). Second, in any given economy, if firms' propensity for product and process innovation, as well as the automation potential of their tasks are stable over time, the Employment Rate in that economy will tend towards stability over time. The third conclusion is that higher levels of Process Innovation and lower levels of Product Innovation, lead to a more intense decline of wage shares and to a wider gap between employee productivity growth and wage growth.

2019

Centrality and community detection: a co-marketing multilayer network

Authors
Fernandes, A; Goncalves, PCT; Campos, P; Delgado, C;

Publication
Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing

Abstract
Purpose: Based on the data obtained from a questionnaire of 595 people, the authors explore the relative importance of consumers, checking whether socioeconomic variables influence their centrality, detecting the communities within the network to which they belong, identifying consumption patterns and checking whether there is any relationship between co-marketing and consumer choices. Design/methodology/approach: A multilayer network is created from data collected through a consumer survey to identify customers’ choices in seven different markets. The authors focus the analysis on a smaller kinship and cohabitation network and apply the LART network community detection algorithm. To verify the association between consumers’ centrality and variables related to their respective socioeconomic profile, the authors develop an econometric model to measure their impact on consumer’s degree centrality. Findings: Based on 595 responses analysing individual consumers, the authors find out which consumers invest and which variables influence consumers’ centrality. Using a smaller sample of 70 consumers for whom they know kinship and cohabitation relationships, the authors detect communities with the same consumption patterns and verify that this may be an adequate way to establish co-marketing strategies. Originality/value: Network analysis has become a widely used technique in the extraction of knowledge on consumers. This paper’s main (and novel) contribution lies in providing a greater understanding on how multilayer networks represent hidden databases with potential knowledge to be considered in business decisions. Centrality and community detection are crucial measures in network science which enable customers with the highest potential value to be identified in a network. Customers are increasingly seen as multidimensional, considering their preferences in various markets. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.

Supervised
thesis

2019

Resilience in a MultiLayer Network in the Automotive Industry

Author
Ana Filipa Alves Nogueira

Institution
UP-FEP

2019

Community Detection in Attributed Networks: An Application to Socioeconomic Data from European Union

Author
Ana Rita Cordeiro Vieira

Institution
UP-FEP

2019

Business value creation in SCM: Influence of blockchain, data quality and big data analytics.

Author
Kerley de Lourdes Silva Pires

Institution
UP-FEP

2019

Análise de Redes Comerciais Utilizando Modelos Gravitacionais

Author
Patricia Beatriz Carvalho Jesus

Institution
UP-FEP

2019

Impacto do Marketing de Conteúdo no comportamento do consumidor de crédito online

Author
Maria Barreto de Amaral

Institution
UP-FEP