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Publications

2022

An Autonomous System for Collecting Water Samples from the Surface

Authors
Pinto, AF; Cruz, NA; Ferreira, BM; Abreu, NM; Goncalves, CE; Villa, MP; Matos, AC; Honorio, LD; Westin, LG;

Publication
OCEANS 2022

Abstract

2022

Genetic Algorithm to Solve Optimal Sensor Placement for Underwater Vehicle Localization with Range Dependent Noises

Authors
Villa, M; Ferreira, B; Cruz, N;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
In source localization problems, the relative geometry between sensors and source will influence the localization performance. The optimum configuration of sensors depends on the measurements used for the source location estimation, how these measurements are affected by noise, the positions of the source, and the criteria used to evaluate the localization performance. This paper addresses the problem of optimum sensor placement in a plane for the localization of an underwater vehicle moving in 3D. We consider sets of sensors that measure the distance to the vehicle and model the measurement noises with distance dependent covariances. We develop a genetic algorithm and analyze both single and multi-objective problems. In the former, we consider as the evaluation metric the arithmetic average along the vehicle trajectory of the maximum eigenvalue of the inverse of the Fisher information matrix. In the latter, we estimate the Pareto front of pairs of common criteria based on the Fisher information matrix and analyze the evolution of the sensor positioning for the different criteria. To validate the algorithm, we initially compare results with a case with a known optimal solution and constant measurement covariances, obtaining deviations from the optimal less than 0.1%. Posterior, we present results for an underwater vehicle performing a lawn-mower maneuver and a spiral descent maneuver. We also present results restricting the allowed positions for the sensors.

2021

A Novel Simulation Platform for Underwater Data Muling Communications Using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

Authors
Teixeira, FB; Ferreira, BM; Moreira, N; Abreu, N; Villa, M; Loureiro, JP; Cruz, NA; Alves, JC; Ricardo, M; Campos, R;

Publication
Comput.

Abstract
Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) are seen as a safe and cost-effective platforms for performing a myriad of underwater missions. These vehicles are equipped with multiple sensors which, combined with their long endurance, can produce large amounts of data, especially when used for video capturing. These data need to be transferred to the surface to be processed and analyzed. When considering deep sea operations, where surfacing before the end of the mission may be unpractical, the communication is limited to low bitrate acoustic communications, which make unfeasible the timely transmission of large amounts of data unfeasible. The usage of AUVs as data mules is an alternative communications solution. Data mules can be used to establish a broadband data link by combining short-range, high bitrate communications (e.g., RF and wireless optical) with a Delay Tolerant Network approach. This paper presents an enhanced version of UDMSim, a novel simulation platform for data muling communications. UDMSim is built upon a new realistic AUV Motion and Localization (AML) simulator and Network Simulator 3 (ns-3). It can simulate the position of the data mules, including localization errors, realistic position control adjustments, the received signal, the realistic throughput adjustments, and connection losses due to the fast SNR change observed underwater. The enhanced version includes a more realistic AML simulator and the antenna radiation patterns to help evaluating the design and relative placement of underwater antennas. The results obtained using UDMSim show a good match with the experimental results achieved using an underwater testbed. UDMSim is made available to the community to support easy and faster evaluation of underwater data muling oriented communications solutions and to enable offline replication of real world experiments.

2021

Differential Pressure Speedometer for Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Authors
Villa, MP; Ferreira, BM; Matos, AC;

Publication
OCEANS 2021: San Diego – Porto

Abstract