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  • Name

    Maria Silva Lopes
  • Role

    Research Assistant
  • Since

    25th January 2022


Robotic Arm Development for a Quadruped Robot

Lopes, S; Moreira, AP; Silva, F; Santos, F;

Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems

Quadruped robots have gained significant attention in the robotics world due to their capability to traverse unstructured terrains, making them advantageous in search and rescue and surveillance operations. However, their utility is substantially restricted in situations where object manipulation is necessary. A potential solution is to integrate a robotic arm, although this can be challenging since the arm’s addition may unbalance the whole system, affecting the quadruped locomotion. To address this issue, the robotic arm must be adapted to the quadruped robot, which is not viable with commercially available products. This paper details the design and development of a robotic arm that has been specifically built to integrate with a quadruped robot to use in a variety of agricultural and industrial applications. The design of the arm, including its physical model and kinematic configuration, is presented. To assess the effectiveness of the prototype, a simulation was conducted with a motion-planning algorithm based on the arm’s inverse kinematics. The simulation results confirm the system’s stability and the functionality of the robotic arm’s movement. © 2024, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


A Review on Quadruped Manipulators

Lopes, MS; Moreira, AP; Silva, MF; dos Santos, FN;

Progress in Artificial Intelligence - 22nd EPIA Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2023, Faial Island, Azores, September 5-8, 2023, Proceedings, Part I

Quadruped robots are gaining attention in the research community because of their superior mobility and versatility in a wide range of applications. However, they are restricted to procedures that do not need precise object interaction. With the addition of a robotic arm, they can overcome these drawbacks and be used in a new set of tasks. Combining a legged robot’s dextrous movement with a robotic arm’s maneuverability allows the emergence of a highly flexible system, but with the disadvantage of higher complexity of motion planning and control methods. This paper gives an overview of the existing quadruped systems capable of manipulation, with a particular interest in systems with high movement flexibility. The main topics discussed are the motion planning approaches and the selected kinematic configuration. This review concludes that the most followed research path is to add a robotic arm on the quadrupedal base and that the motion planning approach used depends on the desired application. For simple tasks, the arm can be seen as an independent system, which is simpler to implement. For more complex jobs the coupling effects between the arm and quadruped robot must be considered.