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About

João Claro is Vice Chairman and CEO of INESC TEC, and Associate Professor with Habilitation of Industrial Engineering and Management at FEUP. He is also Director of the Doctoral Program in Engineering and Public Policy at FEUP, member of the Scientific Committee of the Doctoral Program in Engineering and Industrial Management at FEUP, and Vice-President of the Academic Council and Head of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at Porto Business School. He is member of the board of the European Association of Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO) and co-director of the Technology Innovation and Enterpreneuship Area of the UT Austin Portugal Program. Between 2013 and 2017, he was the National Director of the Carnegie Mellon Portugal Program, an international partnership in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) between Portuguese universities, research labs and companies, and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), funded by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. He was Coordinator of the Centre for Innovation, Technology, and Entrepreneurship, and member of the Scientific Council of INESC TEC. João Claro has a PhD in Electrical and Computer Engineering from FEUP (2008), an MSc in Quantitative Methods in Management from PBS (2002), and an undergraduate degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from FEUP (1993). Prior to returning to the University, he was a software engineer and information systems project manager at Edinfor (1994-1998).

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

  • Name

    João Claro
  • Role

    Vice-chairmain of the board and Chief Executive Officer
  • Since

    01st February 2000
  • Nationality

    Portugal
  • Contacts

    +351222094040
    joao.claro@inesctec.pt
017
Publications

2021

Supply chain flows and stocks as entry points for cyber-risks

Authors
Gomes, N; Rego, N; Claro, J;

Publication
Procedia Computer Science

Abstract

2021

Prescribed burning as a cost-effective way to address climate change and forest management in Mediterranean countries

Authors
Pacheco, RM; Claro, J;

Publication
ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE

Abstract
Key message As climate change and forest management become the focus of various development agendas and the price of carbon rises in the market, the need for improving carbon sequestration and avoiding wildfires emissions increases. Prescribed burning interventions might play an important role in this context, as in some situations, it has been suggested that it can reduce overall fire emissions. In this study, the potential economic benefits associated with the practice are analyzed for five Mediterranean countries. Despite the uncertainty in the estimates, the results suggest that under some circumstances these interventions can be cost-effective from a carbon management perspective. Context Wildland fires are becoming a major concern for many European countries and are expected to become more prevalent due to climate change, affecting societies, ecosystems, and various ecosystem services provided by forests that are not valued by traditional markets, such as carbon sequestration. Aims The objective of this study is to evaluate the possibility of using carbon taxation to fund fire management measures in Mediterranean countries. Methods The analysis is done by converting prescribed burning savings in carbon emissions into their economic value. This is performed for France, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, which is studied in more detail, since the country has a National Prescribed Burning Program (NPBP) and a specific tax on carbon in place. Results The results indicate that most countries could potentially have benefits in the order of millions of euros from employing prescribed burning measures. In Portugal, NPBP has the potential to be a relevant policy instrument to reduce wildfire emissions, as well as economically since the carbon emissions savings can outweigh the prescribed burning costs in some circumstances. Also, the revenue from the country's Addition Tax on Carbon Emissions would be able to accommodate the foreseen prescribed burning costs. Conclusion There are still many uncertainties regarding the benefits of prescribed burning in terms of overall emission reductions, and more studies should be conducted on this topic. However, as the price of carbon rises in the markets and climate change becomes a more pressing concern, even small emissions reductions might be economically interesting. The analysis framework used in this study has the potential to be useful for other countries, especially in Mediterranean-type ecosystems.

2020

Overcoming barriers to onshore wind farm implementation in Brazil

Authors
Farkat Diogenes, JRF; Rodrigues, JC; Farkat Diogenes, MCF; Claro, J;

Publication
ENERGY POLICY

Abstract
Brazil has been failing to offer the most favorable conditions for the implementation of onshore wind farms, due to the presence of multiple barriers. However, the country has observed a fast and expressive wind energy (WE) diffusion (the installed WE capacity grew 37 times in the last decade). Furthermore, its onshore wind farms have reached impressive capacity factors (with productivity levels much higher than the average around the world) and a very low levelized cost of electricity. This study aims at identifying how wind developers plan onshore wind farms to overcome existing barriers. Based on forty-one interviews with relevant stakeholders of the Brazilian WE sector, the study identified efforts targeted at overcoming twenty-four previously identified barriers. Although most barriers may be overcome directly through developer initiatives, addressing higher level barriers, namely an unstable macroeconomic environment, a poor transmission infrastructure, and inadequate access to capital, depends on government actions.

2020

Barriers to onshore wind energy implementation: A systematic review

Authors
Farkat Diogenes, JRF; Claro, J; Rodrigues, JC; Loureiro, MV;

Publication
ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE

Abstract
Onshore wind energy (WE) has achieved a significant diffusion worldwide, in spite of the existence of multiple barriers to the large-scale implementation of wind farms. These barriers have been reported in a large number of studies, but the literature is lacking a systematized overview of their categories and locations. Based on a framework for the analysis of barriers to the penetration of renewable energy sources proposed by Painuly [363], this systematic literature review contributes to addressing this gap, identifying barriers to the large-scale implementation of onshore wind farms by category (market failures, market distortions, economic and financial, institutional, technical, social and other barriers) and location (countries around the world), and characterizing them by the level of economic development (least developed, developing, in transition, and developed) and stage of diffusion (recent or advanced) in their locations. The framework showed a high level of fit with the case of WE and allowed the identification of 31 barriers in 159 countries. The barriers were found to be mostly present in developing economies with recent diffusion, although some barriers were found to occur broadly across developed economies, regardless of the stage of diffusion. The three most frequently observed barriers were the inadequate consideration of externalities, uncertain and unsupportive governmental policies, and insufficient transmission grids.

2019

Barriers to onshore wind farm implementation in Brazil

Authors
Farkat Diogenes, JRF; Claro, J; Rodrigues, JC;

Publication
Energy Policy

Abstract

Supervised
thesis

2021

Co-opetition in Technology-Enabled Digital Service Ecosystems

Author
Agostinho Manuel Antunes da Silva

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Dashboard de Análise e Controlo de Negócio de Grupos de Farmácia na Distribuição Farmacêutica

Author
Maria Isabel Vieira Oliveira

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Essays at the intersection of wildfire management and environmental policy: state of the art in mediterranean-climate regions, and impacts and synergies in Portugal

Author
Renata Martins Pacheco

Institution
UP-FEUP

2021

Idea and Project Portfolio Management for Innovation in a SaaS Company

Author
Margarida Dias Vasques

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Service Design for Data Lineage in Financial Services

Author
Mafalda Sofia de Almeida Gomes

Institution
UP-FEUP