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Sobre

João Claro é Presidente da Comissão Executiva do INESC TEC e Professor Associado de Engenharia e Gestão Industrial na Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto (FEUP). No INESC TEC é ainda investigador do Centro para a Inovação, Tecnologia e Empreendedorismo. Colabora também com a Porto Business School (PBS), na qual integra o Conselho Académico e é responsável pela área académica de Empreendedorismo e Inovação. Entre 2013 e 2017 foi o Diretor Nacional do Programa Carnegie Mellon Portugal, uma parceria internacional na área das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação entre universidades, instituições de investigação e empresas Portuguesas, e a Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), financiada pela Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. Em 2008 foi professor visitante na Engineering Systems Division do MIT. Ao longo dos últimos 15 anos, ensinou e acompanhou mais de 150 equipas de comercialização de tecnologia de universidades, instituições de investigação, e empresas Portuguesas, em múltiplas iniciativas com a ANI, a COTEC Portugal, a FCUP, a FEUP, o INESC TEC, a PBS, e CMU. João Claro é doutorado em Engenharia Eletrotécnica e de Computadores pela FEUP (2008), possui um mestrado em Métodos Quantitativos em Gestão pela PBS (2002), e uma licenciatura em Engenharia Eletrotécnica e de Computadores pela FEUP (1993). Antes de regressar à Universidade, foi engenheiro de software e gestor de projetos de sistema de informação na Edinfor (1994-1998).

Tópicos
de interesse
Detalhes

Detalhes

014
Publicações

2019

Barriers to onshore wind farm implementation in Brazil

Autores
Diógenes, JRF; Claro, J; Rodrigues, JC;

Publicação
Energy Policy

Abstract

2019

Coordinating cross-border electricity interconnection investments and trade in market coupled regions

Autores
Loureiro, MV; Claro, J; Fischbeck, P;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS

Abstract
Investments in cross-border electricity interconnections are key for the integration of the European energy market. To analyze policy frameworks for these decisions, we model two settings for the expansion of transmission capacity between two regions, where the volume of investment is agreed upon through either Nash-Coase or Nash bargaining. For each setting we provide fair share cost allocation solutions, respectively with and without compensations. Each region has its own TSO, maximizing social welfare within its geography, and the markets are modeled with linear supply and demand curves, with trade enabled by the interconnection. The results of the application of the models to the Iberian market suggest their ability to estimate realistic values for the capacity of cross-border interconnection between two regions.

2018

Operational flexibility in forest fire prevention and suppression: a spatially explicit intra-annual optimization analysis, considering prevention, (pre)suppression, and escape costs

Autores
Pacheco, AP; Claro, J;

Publicação
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH

Abstract
Increasing wildfire threats and costs escalate the complexity of forest fire management challenges, which is grounded in complex interactions between ecological, social, economic, and policy factors. It is immersed in this difficult context that decision-makers must settle on an investment mix within a portfolio of available options, subject to limited funds and under great uncertainty. We model intra-annual fire management as a problem of multistage capacity investment in a portfolio of management resources, enabling fuel treatments and fire preparedness. We consider wildfires as the demand, with uncertainty in the severity of the fire season and in the occurrence, time, place, and severity of specific fires. We focus our analysis on the influence of changes in the volatility of wildfires and in the costs of escaped wildfires, on the postponement of capacity investment along the year, on the optimal budget, and on the investment mix. Using a hypothetical test landscape, we verify that the value of postponement increases significantly for scenarios of increased uncertainty (higher volatility) and higher escape costs, as also does the optimal budget (although not proportionally to the changes in the escape costs). Additionally, the suppression/prevention budget ratio is highly sensitive to changes in escape costs, while it remains mostly insensitive to changes in volatility. Furthermore, we show the policy implications of these findings at operational (e.g., spatial solutions) and strategic levels (e.g., climate change). Exploring the impact of increasing escape costs in the optimal investment mix, we identified in our instances four qualitative system stages, which can be related to specific socioecological contexts and used as the basis for policy (re)design. In addition to questioning some popular myths, our results highlight the value of fuel treatments and the contextual nature of the optimal portfolio mix.

2018

Renewable integration through transmission network expansion planning under uncertainty

Autores
Loureiro, MV; Schell, KR; Claro, J; Fischbeck, P;

Publicação
ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS RESEARCH

Abstract
In this paper we bring together a stochastic mixed integer programming model for transmission network expansion planning, incorporating portfolios of real options to address the evolution in time of uncertain parameters, with the adjusted generalized log-transformed model, to expand the number of correlated parameters that can be modeled. We apply these methods to evaluate the potential contribution of underwater transmission investments to increase renewables penetration in the Azores archipelago. The approach also includes expansion lead times, due to the large timespans involved in the construction of new transmission lines. Our analysis focuses on a set of the four closest islands in the archipelago, Pico, Faial, S. Jorge and Terceira, and shows that even though investments are delayed and the future network configuration varies according to the evolution of renewable generation scenarios, an investment in underwater transmission, if technically feasible, within the assumptions of our model, could in fact contribute to increase renewables penetration, by enabling islands with an excess in generation from renewable sources to supply other islands in a deficit situation.

2017

Probabilistic cost prediction for submarine power cable projects

Autores
Schell, KR; Claro, J; Guikema, SD;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS

Abstract
It is estimated that Europe alone will need to add over 250,000 km of transmission capacity by 2050, if it is to meet renewable energy production goals while maintaining security of supply. Estimating the cost of new transmission infrastructure is difficult, but it is crucial to predict these costs as accurately as possible, given their importance to the energy transition. Transmission capacity expansion plans are often founded on optimistic projections of expansion costs. We present probabilistic predictive models of the cost of submarine power cables, which can be used by policymakers, industry, and academia to better approximate the true cost of transmission expansion plans. The models are both generalizable and well specified for a variety of submarine applications, across a variety of regions. The best performing statistical learning model has slightly more predictive power than a simpler, linear econometric model. The specific decision context will determine whether the extra data gathering effort for the statistical learning model is worth the additional precision. A case study illustrates that incorporating the uncertainty associated with the cost prediction to calculate risk metrics - value-at-risk and conditional-value-at-risk provides useful information to the decision-maker about cost variability and extremes.

Teses
supervisionadas

2018

Exploring search engine counts in the identification and characterization of search queries

Autor
Diogo Magalhães Moura

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2018

Enhancing Game-based Software Project Estimation Learning with Personality Traits

Autor
Diogo Miguel Sousa Barroso

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2018

Towards a Live Software Development Environment

Autor
Diogo da Silva Amaral

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2018

Cloud Platform for the Deployment of Online Data Analytics Application Oriented Services

Autor
Carlos Manuel Carvalho Boavista Samouco

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2018

Demand forecasting in a multi-specialty hospital setting: a comparative study of machine learning and classical statistical methods

Autor
Carlos Miguel Ferreira Alves

Instituição
UP-FEUP