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Sobre

Sobre

João Claro é Presidente do Conselho de Administração e Presidente da Comissão Executiva do INESC TEC e Professor Associado com Agregação no Departamento de Engenharia e Gestão Industrial na Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto (FEUP). É Diretor do Programa Doutoral em Engenharia e Políticas Públicas na FEUP, membro da Comissão Científica do Programa Doutoral em Engenharia e Gestão Industrial na FEUP, e Presidente do Conselho Académico e Coordenador da área académica de Empreendedorismo e Inovação da Porto Business School (PBS).

Atualmente é Diretor Científico do Programa UT Austin Portugal. Nos últimos anos, tem trabalhado em estreita colaboração com a Carnegie Mellon University, nomeadamente como Diretor Nacional do Programa Carnegie Mellon Portugal, e com o Massachusetts Institute of Technology, onde foi professor visitante.

Foi membro do Conselho de Administração da European Association of Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO) entre 2020 e 2023.

João Claro é doutorado em Engenharia Eletrotécnica e de Computadores pela FEUP (2008), possui um mestrado em Métodos Quantitativos em Gestão pela PBS (2002), e uma licenciatura em Engenharia Eletrotécnica e de Computadores pela FEUP (1993). Antes de regressar à Universidade, foi engenheiro de software e gestor de projetos de sistemas de informação na Edinfor (1994-1998).

Detalhes

Detalhes

  • Nome

    João Claro
  • Cargo

    Presidente do Conselho de Administração
  • Desde

    01 fevereiro 2000
  • Nacionalidade

    Portugal
  • Contactos

    +351222094040
    joao.claro@inesctec.pt
012
Publicações

2023

Characterising wildfire impacts on ecosystem services: A triangulation of scientific findings, governmental reports, and expert perceptions in Portugal

Autores
Pacheco, RM; Claro, J;

Publicação
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY

Abstract
Fire has major impacts on forest ecosystems, with heightened relevance in a Mediterranean country such as Portugal, which within Europe features the highest number of wildfires and the second larger burnt area. After each significant wildfire, the Portuguese Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests (ICNF) assesses the main environmental impacts and proposes emergency stabilisation measures following specific regulations. This study seeks to improve such assessments by using a data triangulation approach to characterise the impacts of wildfires on ecosystem services in the country. First, a systematic literature review is performed to identify the scientific studies that address the issue. Next, a document analysis of all the emergency stabilisation reports and technical reports available on ICNF's website is performed. Finally, a survey of experts' perceptions on the topic completes the analysis. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity definitions of ecosystem services were employed to compare the different findings. The results indicate that the experts perceive wildfires to significantly impact all ecosystem services, even though the literature has so far only focused on 12 of them, and ICNF has so far only focused on 7 in its reports. The potential underlying motives are discussed. In particular, some important impacts identified in the literature, as is the case of Climate regulation, a topic of the highest priority in the European environmental agenda, have not so far been a topic of focus in ICNF's reports, which suggests relevant opportunities for enhancing its reporting process in the future.

2023

Configurational model for the process of alignment in technology implementations

Autores
Rodrigues, JC; Barros, AC; Claro, J;

Publicação
JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT

Abstract
The full realization of the potential of a technology requires good understanding of its imple-mentation. During implementations, lack of compatibility between technology and its adopters require dynamic sequences of alignment. This process is understood to be central to the success in technology assimilation. This paper proposes a configurational model to explain and predict the alignment process during technology implementations, derived from a multiple case research of the implementation of a retinopathy screening program in networks of healthcare providers. It builds on and expands previous research capturing in a holistic way the alignment process and its nature of adaptation over time.

2022

Supply Chains' Digitalization: Boosters and Barriers

Autores
Gomes, N; Rego, N; Claro, J;

Publicação
INNOVATIONS IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Abstract
Digitalization has spread across business and supply chains, becoming irreversible and affecting how companies run their businesses and fulfill their demand. This paper discusses the main aspects that propel and hinder digitalization in supply chains are. One could divide the boosters into two groups: the application of technological advances and circular boosters. On the other hand, the barriers are either sporadic or persistent. Despite the perceived barriers, if correctly applied, digitalization brings more benefits than problems to supply chains. Furthermore, recognizing this might help practitioners who are still reluctant about digitalization.

2021

Supply chain flows and stocks as entry points for cyber-risks

Autores
Gomes, N; Rego, N; Claro, J;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEMS / INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROJECT MANAGEMENT / INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES 2020 (CENTERIS/PROJMAN/HCIST 2020)

Abstract
As supply chains become more digital to reach new levels of global competitiveness, caveats from this decision arise. Cyber-risks are one of these potential setbacks, affecting supply chains directly and indirectly, and propagating via supply chain flows and stocks information, material, and financial. This study applied a systematic literature review to determine how the supply chain's flows and stocks serve as points of entry to cyber-risks. Cyber-risks arise from different sources (i.e., direct attacks, built-in problems, low-quality issues), impacting supply chains' flows and stocks (material and information). There is a relation between the type of supply chain and which flow, or stock facilitates access to the supply chain. Finally, we provide a distinction between two concepts related to Supply Chain Risk Management and cyber-risks. This research is useful to 1) enterprise decision-makers, as the description of potential cyber-risks' points of entry delivers hints on where to focus managerial efforts; 2) developers of Supply Chain Management (SCM) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) systems, since discussing potential points of entry build awareness about probable exploitation points, thus improving ICT systems' resiliency, and 3) scholars, as the depiction of the state-of-the-art may serve as a common departing point for future research. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2021

Prescribed burning as a cost-effective way to address climate change and forest management in Mediterranean countries

Autores
Pacheco, RM; Claro, J;

Publicação
ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE

Abstract
Key message As climate change and forest management become the focus of various development agendas and the price of carbon rises in the market, the need for improving carbon sequestration and avoiding wildfires emissions increases. Prescribed burning interventions might play an important role in this context, as in some situations, it has been suggested that it can reduce overall fire emissions. In this study, the potential economic benefits associated with the practice are analyzed for five Mediterranean countries. Despite the uncertainty in the estimates, the results suggest that under some circumstances these interventions can be cost-effective from a carbon management perspective. Context Wildland fires are becoming a major concern for many European countries and are expected to become more prevalent due to climate change, affecting societies, ecosystems, and various ecosystem services provided by forests that are not valued by traditional markets, such as carbon sequestration. Aims The objective of this study is to evaluate the possibility of using carbon taxation to fund fire management measures in Mediterranean countries. Methods The analysis is done by converting prescribed burning savings in carbon emissions into their economic value. This is performed for France, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, which is studied in more detail, since the country has a National Prescribed Burning Program (NPBP) and a specific tax on carbon in place. Results The results indicate that most countries could potentially have benefits in the order of millions of euros from employing prescribed burning measures. In Portugal, NPBP has the potential to be a relevant policy instrument to reduce wildfire emissions, as well as economically since the carbon emissions savings can outweigh the prescribed burning costs in some circumstances. Also, the revenue from the country's Addition Tax on Carbon Emissions would be able to accommodate the foreseen prescribed burning costs. Conclusion There are still many uncertainties regarding the benefits of prescribed burning in terms of overall emission reductions, and more studies should be conducted on this topic. However, as the price of carbon rises in the markets and climate change becomes a more pressing concern, even small emissions reductions might be economically interesting. The analysis framework used in this study has the potential to be useful for other countries, especially in Mediterranean-type ecosystems.

Teses
supervisionadas

2022

Desenvolvimento de Árbitro Automático para Competição Robótica Robot@Factory

Autor
Tony Williams Alves Ferreira

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2022

Foundations for quantum algorithms and complexity

Autor
Carlos Eduardo Teixeira Tavares

Instituição
UM

2022

Estudo do Impacto da Centralização de Armazéns Retalhistas

Autor
Ana Sofia de Vasconcelos Peixoto Fonseca

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2022

Enhanced multiview experiences through remote content selection and dynamic quality adaptation

Autor
Tiago André Queiroz Soares da Costa

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2022

NeuralLog: A Neural Logic System for Parameter and Structure Learning

Autor
Victor Augusto Lopes Guimarães

Instituição
UP-FCUP