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Fábio Sester Retorta is an electrical engineer graduated at the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR). During his time in Brazil, he worked for 3 years with ANEEL R & D projects and services in the area of electric power quality by the company Lactec. Fábio earned his master's degree in UFPR with the theme of an ANEEL R & D project being awarded 1 place in the CIGRE Showcase Paris 2018. Since 2015 the researcher has been contributing with publications in international events, chapters of Brazilian books and Brazilian periodicals. The researcher has been working with the themes: electric power quality of wind farms / GD, operation of distributed generation, storage systems, solar thermal energy (CSP), rural electrification, multicriteria methodologies, fuzzy systems, optimization, forecasting methods, and planning of distribution systems. Fábio has taught classes at SENAI and CEPS (technical schools in Brazil) and is a member of the C6 group of CIGRÉ. He currently works at CPES with topics related to energy markets, deregulated electricyty markets, flexibilities in electricity markets, OPF and optimization methods



  • Name

    Fábio Retorta
  • Cluster

    Power and Energy
  • Role

    Research Assistant
  • Since

    18th February 2019


Local Market for TSO and DSO Reactive Power Provision Using DSO Grid Resources

Retorta, F; Aguiar, J; Rezende, I; Villar, J; Silva, B;


This paper proposes a near to real-time local market to provide reactive power to the transmission system operator (TSO), using the resources connected to a distribution grid managed by a distribution system operator (DSO). The TSO publishes a requested reactive power profile at the TSO-DSO interface for each time-interval of the next delivery period, so that market agents (managing resources of the distribution grid) can prepare and send their bids accordingly. DSO resources are the first to be mobilized, and the remaining residual reactive power is supplied by the reactive power flexibility offered in the local reactive market. Complex bids (with non-curtailability conditions) are supported to provide flexible ways of bidding fewer flexible assets (such as capacitor banks). An alternating current (AC) optimal power flow (OPF) is used to clear the bids by maximizing the social welfare to supply the TSO required reactive power profile, subject to the DSO grid constraints. A rolling window mechanism allows a continuous dispatching of reactive power, and the possibility of adapting assigned schedules to real time constraints. A simplified TSO-DSO cost assignment of the flexible reactive power used is proposed to share for settlement purposes.