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About

I have received my master’s degree in Physical Engineering from the Faculty of Sciences of University of Porto (FCUP) in October 2016. My master thesis, “Optical Sensors Based on Fabry-Perot Interferometry”, was conducted in collaboration between FCUP and INESC-TEC, at the Center of Applied Photonics (CAP).

I have worked at Centre for Information Systems and Computer Graphics (CSIG), participating in a research project to develop optical fiber sensors for radon detection in marine environments.

I am currently a PhD student at CAP.

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

  • Nationality

    Portugal
  • Centre

    Applied Photonics
  • Contacts

    +351220402301
    catarina.s.monteiro@inesctec.pt
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Publications

2022

Sputtering Deposition of TiO2 Thin Film Coatings for Fiber Optic Sensors

Authors
Silva, D; Monteiro, CS; Silva, SO; Frazao, O; Pinto, JV; Raposo, M; Ribeiro, PA; Serio, S;

Publication
PHOTONICS

Abstract
Thin films of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and titanium (Ti) were deposited onto glass and optical fiber supports through DC magnetron sputtering, and their transmission was characterized with regard to their use in optical fiber-based sensors. Deposition parameters such as oxygen partial pressure, working pressure, and sputtering power were optimized to attain films with a high reflectance. The films deposited on glass supports were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Regarding the deposition parameters, all three parameters were tested simultaneously, changing the working pressure, the sputtering power, and the oxygen percentage. It was possible to conclude that a lower working pressure and higher applied power lead to films with a higher reflectance. Through the analysis of the as-sputtered thin films using X-ray diffraction, the deposition of both Ti and TiO2 films was confirmed. To study the applicability of TiO2 and Ti in fiber sensing, several thin films were deposited in single mode fibers (SMFs) using the sputtering conditions that revealed the most promising results in the glass supports. The sputtered TiO2 and Ti thin films were used as mirrors to increase the visibility of a low-finesse Fabry–Perot cavity and the possible sensing applications were studied.

2021

Thermally Stimulated Desorption Optical Fiber-Based Interrogation System: An Analysis of Graphene Oxide Layers’ Stability

Authors
Raposo, M; Xavier, C; Monteiro, C; Silva, S; Frazao, O; Zagalo, P; Ribeiro, PA;

Publication
PHOTONICS

Abstract
Thin graphene oxide (GO) film layers are being widely used as sensing layers in different types of electrical and optical sensor devices. GO layers are particularly popular because of their tuned interface reflectivity. The stability of GO layers is fundamental for sensor device reliability, particularly in complex aqueous environments such as wastewater. In this work, the stability of GO layers in layer-by-layer (LbL) films of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and GO was investigated. The results led to the following conclusions: PEI/GO films grow linearly with the number of bilayers as long as the adsorption time is kept constant; the adsorption kinetics of a GO layer follow the behavior of the adsorption of polyelectrolytes; and the interaction associated with the growth of these films is of the ionic type since the desorption activation energy has a value of 119 ± 17 kJ/mol. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that PEI/GO films are suitable for application in optical fiber sensor devices; most importantly, an optical fiber-based interrogation setup can easily be adapted to investigate in situ desorption via a thermally stimulated process. In addition, it is possible to draw inferences about film stability in solution in a fast, reliable way when compared with the traditional ones.

2021

Acoustic Optical Fiber Sensor Based on Graphene Oxide Membrane

Authors
Monteiro, CS; Raposo, M; Ribeiro, PA; Silva, SO; Frazao, O;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
A Fabry–Pérot acoustic sensor based on a graphene oxide membrane was developed with the aim to achieve a faster and simpler fabrication procedure when compared to similar graphene-based acoustic sensors. In addition, the proposed sensor was fabricated using methods that reduce chemical hazards and environmental impacts. The developed sensor, with an optical cavity of around 246 µm, showed a constant reflected signal amplitude of 6.8 ± 0.1 dB for 100 nm wavelength range. The sensor attained a wideband operation range between 20 and 100 kHz, with a maximum signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 32.7 dB at 25 kHz. The stability and sensitivity to temperatures up to 90 °C was also studied. Moreover, the proposed sensor offers the possibility to be applied as a wideband microphone or to be applied in more complex systems for structural analysis or imaging.

2021

Optical Fiber Sensors for Structural Monitoring in Power Transformers

Authors
Monteiro, CS; Rodrigues, AV; Viveiros, D; Linhares, C; Mendes, H; Silva, SO; Marques, PVS; Tavares, SMO; Frazao, O;

Publication
SENSORS

Abstract
Power transformers are central elements of power transmission systems and their deterioration can lead to system failures, causing major disruptions in service. Catastrophic failures can occur, posing major environmental hazards due to fires, explosions, or oil spillage. Early fault detection can be accomplished or estimated using electrical sensors or a chemical analysis of oil or gas samples. Conventional methods are incapable of real-time measurements with a low electrical noise due to time-consuming analyses or susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. Optical fiber sensors, passive elements that are immune to electromagnetic noise, are capable of structural monitoring by being enclosed in power transformers. In this work, optical fiber sensors embedded in 3D printed structures are studied for vibration monitoring. The fiber sensor is encapsulated between two pressboard spacers, simulating the conditions inside the power transformer, and characterized for vibrations with frequencies between 10 and 800 Hz, with a constant acceleration of 10 m/s2. Thermal aging and electrical tests are also accomplished, aiming to study the oil compatibility of the 3D printed structure. The results reported in this work suggest that structural monitoring in power transformers can be achieved using optical fiber sensors, prospecting real-time monitoring.

2021

Environmental Sensitivity of Fabry-Perot Microcavities Induced by Layered Graphene-Dielectric Hybrid Coatings

Authors
Peixoto, R; Pires, JPS; Monteiro, CS; Raposo, M; Ribeiro, PA; Silva, SO; Frazao, O; Lopes, JMVP;

Publication
PHYSICAL REVIEW APPLIED

Abstract
We propose a fiber-based environmental sensor that exploits the reflection-phase-shift tunability provided by the use of layered coatings composed of dielectric slabs spaced by conducting membranes. A transfer-matrix study is done in a simplified theoretical model, for which an enhanced sensitivity of the reflection interference pattern to the output medium is demonstrated, in the typical refractive index range of liquid media. An experimental configuration using a cascaded Fabry-Perot microcavity coated by a graphene oxide/polyethylenimine (GO/PEI) multilayered structure is demonstrated. Its cost-effective chemical production method makes graphene oxide-based hybrid coatings excellent candidates for future real-life sensing devices.