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Details

  • Nationality

    Portugal
  • Centre

    Applied Photonics
  • Contacts

    +351220402301
    antonio.v.rodrigues@inesctec.pt
Publications

2022

A Brief Review on Optical Fiber Sensing for the Power Grid

Authors
Rodrigues, AV; Monteiro, C; Silva, SO; Linhares, C; Mendes, H; Tavares, SMO; Frazão, O;

Publication
U.Porto Journal of Engineering

Abstract
In this work, a brief review on the application of fiber optic sensors on power grid apparatus is presented. Power transformers, which are the nodes between electrical transmission lines, are the most expensive, critical and one of the central units of this network. The failure of electrical machines compromises the whole grid leading to power outages and income losses. Thus, constant monitoring of structural health and operating conditions of core infrastructures is sought. With different types of sensors either on the market or in the literature, it is possible to measure physical parameters that make this equipment more reliable. © 2022, Universidade do Porto - Faculdade de Engenharia. All rights reserved.

2022

Cavity length dependence on strain sensitivity for Fabry-Perot sensors

Authors
Rodrigues, AV; Reis, J; Martins, AJM; Monteiro, CS; Silva, SO; Caridade, CMR; Tavares, SO; Frazao, O;

Publication
MICROWAVE AND OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY LETTERS

Abstract
This study presents the dependence of strain sensitivity on cavity length in conventional Fabry-Perot (F-P) sensors. A high number of F-P sensors were required and to ensure their reproducibility, a manufacturing process was developed to obtain similar sensors but with different types of lengths. A hollow-core silica tube was used to fabricate several F-P cavities by fusion splicing it between two sections of SMF28 fiber. The fabricated F-P has a varying length ranging from 15 to 2500 mu m. The cavities were measured under a microscope and the reflected spectrum was acquired for each one. Strain measurements were performed for a maximum strain of 1000 mu epsilon. The strain sensitivity showed a highly linear correlation with increment lambda(FSR). Small length variations for short cavities heavily affect the FSR value. The smallest and longest cavities present sensitivities of 8.71 and 2.68 pm/mu epsilon, respectively. Thermal characterization for low- and high-temperature regimes was also performed and is constant for tested sensors.

2020

Magnetostriction assessment with strain gauges and fiber bragg gratings

Authors
Linhares, CC; Santo, JE; Teixeira, RR; Coutinho, CP; Tavares, SMO; Pinto, M; Costa, JS; Mendes, H; Monteiro, CS; Rodrigues, AV; Frazão, O;

Publication
EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web

Abstract
Power transformers have an imperative role in the future developments of the electrical grids. Treated as crucial assets for transportation and distribution of electrical energy, transformers are currently being studied regarding to the integration of technologies aiming to diagnose problems and monitoring data of electrical power grid. Furthermore, environmental noise pollution has gained importance, especially in active units of the power grid, located near consumers, such as transformers. Transformers noise can be classified according to its source: core, windings and cooling. This study addresses an experimental characterization of one of the main causes of transformers core noise-magnetostriction of electrical steel. An evaluation of magnetostriction properties of electrical steel, including resistive strain gauges and Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) measurements with an Epstein frame, are presented and discussed. The magnetic flux density influence on hysteretic strain behavior of magnetostriction was evaluated, as well as the effect of a clamping load on core joints. Nowadays, optical interrogators for Bragg gratings have a high acquisition frequencies and wavelength sensitivity when compared to former optical interrogation systems, allowing to evaluate physical phenomena without electromagnetic interference and with equivalent resolution of conventional strain gauges. © 2019 Cassiano C. Linhares et al.

2019

Optical Fiber Humidity Sensor Based on Polyvinylidene Fluoride Fabry-Perot

Authors
Vaz, A; Barroca, N; Ribeiro, M; Pereira, A; Frazao, O;

Publication
IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS

Abstract
An optical fiber Fabry-Perot (FP) for relative humidity (RH) sensing is proposed. The FP cavity is fabricated by splicing a short length of hollow silica tube in a single mode fiber. The fiber is then coated with a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) thin film to work as a mirror. The fabrication process of the FP interferometer with a dip coating process in a PVDF/dimethyl formamide solution is presented. The pattern fringes of the FP suffer a wavelength shift due to the change in the PVDF's refractive index with the ambient RH variation. A short overview of the cavity's formation and stability is presented. The RH response of the FPI cavity is tested. The sensor presented a sensitivity of 32.54 pm/%RH at constant temperature and -15.2 pm/degrees C for temperature variation.

2019

FBG two-dimensional vibration sensor for power transformers

Authors
Monteiro, CS; Vaz, A; Viveiros, D; Linhares, C; Tavares, SMO; Mendes, H; Silva, SO; Marques, PVS; Frazao, O;

Publication
SEVENTH EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS (EWOFS 2019)

Abstract
Power transformers are at the core of power transmission systems. The occurrence of system failure in power transformers can lead to damage of adjacent equipment and cause service disruptions. Structural and electrical integrity assessment in real time is of utter importance. Conventional techniques, typically electrical sensors or chemical analysis, present major drawbacks for real-time measurements due to high electromagnetic interference or for being time-consuming. Optical fiber sensors can be used in power transformers, as they are compact and immune to electromagnetic interferences. In this work, an optical fiber sensor composed by 2 fiber Bragg gratings, attached in a cantilever structure was explored. The prototype was developed with a 3D printer using a typical filament (ABS) that enable a fast and low-cost prototyping. The response of the sensor to vibration was tested using two different vibration axes for frequencies between 10 and 500 Hz. Oil compatibility was also studied using thermal aging and electrical tests. The studies shown that ABS is compatible with the power transformer mineral oil, but the high working temperatures may lead to material creeping, resulting in permanent structural deformation.