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Detalhes

Detalhes

  • Nome

    José Villar
  • Cluster

    Energia
  • Cargo

    Responsável de Área
  • Desde

    01 setembro 2016
008
Publicações

2020

The determinants for a circular economy in Europe

Autores
Robaina, M; Villar, J; Pereira, ET;

Publicação
Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Abstract
The circular economy contrasts with the traditional linear economy since it presents a sustainable way both to produce goods and services and to contribute to the development of economies. This paper aims to contribute to a better knowledge of the efficiency of resources productivity, a common indicator to compare how circular economies are, through the estimation of the main determinants for the circular economy in Europe. A systematic analysis and comparison of the performance of all the European Union countries was performed to get further insight into their root causes and to help designing future policies towards a more circular European Union economy. With this purpose, a set of determinant factors for a circular economy in Europe were analysed, under the period between 2000 and 2016. A cluster analysis was applied and complemented with three econometric estimation methods: panel unit root tests, panel cointegration tests and vector autoregression model. The main findings allowed to cluster European countries into three different groups according to the growth rate of their resources productivity and to explain them according to the selected exploratory factors. Special efforts were made to explain the highest productivity growth group, as a way to find relevant drivers towards sustainable productivity growths. © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

2020

An equilibrium approach for modeling centralized and behind-the-meter distributed generation expansion

Autores
Doménech Martínez, S; Campos, FA; Villar, J; Rivier, M;

Publicação
Electric Power Systems Research

Abstract
Power systems will face important structural changes in the near future due to the empowerment of consumers, who may resort on self-consumption, and reduce their purchases of electricity from the grid. The avoided costs of purchasing energy, as compared to the investment costs of installing their own self-generation capacity, could be one of the drivers of the consumers’ decision making. The system expansion will therefore result from the interaction of the traditional market agents, maximizing their profits by investing in and operating centralized generation assets, and the new active consumers, minimizing their expenses while meeting their energy needs. This paper presents a Nash equilibrium model that considers centralized and behind-the-meter distributed generation expansion, by representing the operation and investments decisions of both types of agents with their own conceptually different strategies. To simplify the resolution, the equilibrium model is transformed into an equivalent minimization problem from its Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. The model application to Spain-like system case example allows to assess the impact of the network access-tariff (whether being mainly volumetric-based or power-based) and the impact of the big industrial market power on the generation expansion, for the time horizon 2019-2037. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

2020

Circular economy in plastic waste - Efficiency analysis of European countries

Autores
Robaina, M; Murillo, K; Rocha, E; Villar, J;

Publicação
Science of The Total Environment

Abstract

2019

Explanatory and causal analysis of the MIBEL electricity market spot price

Autores
Goncalves, C; Ribeiro, M; Viana, J; Fernandes, R; Villar, J; Bessa, R; Correia, G; Sousa, J; Mendes, V; Nunes, AC;

Publicação
2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019

Abstract
This paper analyzes the electricity prices of the MIBEL electricity spot market with respect to a set of possible explanatory variables. Understanding the main drivers of the electricity price is a key aspect in understanding price formation and in developing forecasting models, which are essential for the selling and buying strategies of market agents. For this analysis, different techniques have been applied in this work, including standard and lasso regression models, causal analysis based on Bayesian networks and classification trees. Results from the different approaches are coherent and show strong dependency of the electricity prices with the Portuguese imported coal for lower non-dispatchable net demands, which has been progressively replaced by gas for larger non-dispatchable net demands. Hydro reservoirs and hydro production are also main explanatory variables of the electricity price for all non-dispatchable net demand levels. © 2019 IEEE.

2019

Profit Study of the Combined Operation of a Wind Farm and a Batery Storage System in the MIBEL electricity market

Autores
Rangel, C; Canha, L; Villar, J;

Publicação
2019 IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, ISGT Latin America 2019

Abstract
This paper estimates the profit of the joint operation of a wind farm and a li-ion battery energy storage system (BESS) in the Iberian electricity market (MIBEL). The day-ahead and first intraday energy markets, and the tertiary regulation market are considered to optimize the joint operation of both assets. A rolling window combined with a non-linear optimization model are used to design the operation strategy. The BESS lifetime (as a function of the depth of discharge) is considered in the optimization problem, and different BESS capacities and initial state of charge values are tested to determine their approximate optimum values. The model and strategy designed were tested using real data from the MIBEL market and predicted data from Sotavento wind farm. The resulting incomes were compared to the BESS investments costs to determine, for a given capacity, when the project becomes viable. © 2019 IEEE.

Teses
supervisionadas

2018

Ramp Analysis of the Net Load Under Different Penetration Scenarios

Autor
Jorge Dias de Magalhães

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2018

Profitability Analysis of CCTGs under Future Scenarios of High Res and EV Penetration

Autor
Francisco Martínez Rubio

Instituição

2017

Análisis de recuperación de costes variables bajo penetración combinada de vehículo eléctrico y generación renovable

Autor
Gonzalo Sánchez Contreras

Instituição

2017

Modelo de equilibrio general para España con más detalle del sector eléctrico

Autor
Francisco Martínez Rubio

Instituição

2017

Energy management in smart cities

Autor
Christian Francisco Calvillo Muñoz

Instituição
Outra