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About

BSc in Computer Science and MSc in Applied Mathematics. Currently enrolled in a computer science Ph.D. He works in machine learning, with emphasizes in medical image.

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Details

Publications

2018

A Class Imbalance Ordinal Method for Alzheimer's Disease Classification

Authors
Cruz, R; Silveira, M; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
2018 International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging, PRNI 2018

Abstract
The majority of computer-Aided diagnosis methods for Alzheimer's disease (AD) from brain images either address only two stages of the disease at a time (and reduce the problem to binary classification) or do not exploit the ordinal nature of the different classes. An exception is the work by Fan et al. [1], which proposed an ordinal method that obtained better performance than traditional multiclass classification. Still, special care should be taken when data is class imbalanced, i.e. when some classes are overly represented when compared to others. Building on top of [1], this work makes use of a recently published ordinal classifier, which transforms the problem into sets of pairwise ranking problems, in order to address the class imbalance in the data [2]. Several methods were experimented with, using a Support Vector Machine as the underlying estimator. The pairwise ranking approach has shown promising results, both for traditional and imbalance metrics. © 2018 IEEE.

2018

Binary ranking for ordinal class imbalance

Authors
Cruz, R; Fernandes, K; Pinto Costa, JFP; Ortiz, MP; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
Pattern Analysis and Applications

Abstract
Imbalanced classification has been extensively researched in the last years due to its prevalence in real-world datasets, ranging from very different topics such as health care or fraud detection. This literature has long been dominated by variations of the same family of solutions (e.g. mainly resampling and cost-sensitive learning). Recently, a new and promising way of tackling this problem has been introduced: learning with scoring pairwise ranking so that each pair of classes contribute in tandem to the decision boundary. In this sense, the paper addresses the problem of class imbalance in the context of ordinal regression, proposing two novel contributions: (a) approaching the imbalance by binary pairwise ranking using a well-known label decomposition ensemble, and (b) introducing a regularization into this ensemble so that parallel decision boundaries are favored. These are two independent contributions that synergize well. Our model is tested using linear Support Vector Machines and our results are compared against state-of-the-art models. Both approaches show promising performance in ordinal class imbalance, with an overall 15% improvement relative to the state-of-the-art, as evaluated by a balanced metric. © 2018 Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature

2018

Deep Image Segmentation by Quality Inference

Authors
Fernandes, K; Cruz, R; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
2018 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN)

Abstract

2017

Combining ranking with traditional methods for ordinal class imbalance

Authors
Cruz, R; Fernandes, K; Pinto Costa, JFP; Perez Ortiz, MP; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

Abstract
In classification problems, a dataset is said to be imbalanced when the distribution of the target variable is very unequal. Classes contribute unequally to the decision boundary, and special metrics are used to evaluate these datasets. In previous work, we presented pairwise ranking as a method for binary imbalanced classification, and extended to the ordinal case using weights. In this work, we extend ordinal classification using traditional balancing methods. A comparison is made against traditional and ordinal SVMs, in which the ranking adaption proposed is found to be competitive. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

2017

Constraining Type II Error: Building Intentionally Biased Classifiers

Authors
Cruz, R; Fernandes, K; Pinto Costa, JFP; Cardoso, JS;

Publication
Advances in Computational Intelligence - Lecture Notes in Computer Science

Abstract