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Details

  • Name

    Pedro Pereira Rodrigues
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    External Research Collaborator
  • Since

    04th January 2010
Publications

2019

Learner's perception, knowledge and behaviour assessment within a breast imaging E-Learning course for radiographers

Authors
Moreira, IC; Ramos, I; Ventura, SR; Rodrigues, PP;

Publication
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY

Abstract
Purpose: E-learning has been revealed as an a useful tool among continuing education within health professionals, namely for radiographers or radiologic technologists. Therefore like traditional learning, this teaching approach needs continuous evaluation in order to validate its effectiveness and impact. Kirkpatrick's model has been widely used for this purpose by health information management instructors. Our aim was to assess an E-learning Course on Breast Imaging for radiographers based on the first three levels of Kirkpatrick's framework: reaction, learning and behaviour. Methods and materials: An E-learning course was developed for radiographers in order to provide an easy-to-understand, succinct and current overview in breast imaging, namely mammography technique and image interpretation. The program structure were built based on the guidelines proposed by the European Society of Breast Cancer Specialists (EUSOMA). Learner's satisfaction was assessed through a questionnaire and Knowledge gain was assessed using pre- and post-testing. After 6 months of complying the course, the learners were contacted through a questionnaire in order to give feedback on whether their behaviour changed in workplace. Results: Two editions of the breast imaging course were performed by 64 learners. In general, 97% of the learners stated that the program content was very good and excellent, all learners considered the content was delivered in a very good or excellent way. High percentages of learners stated to be satisfied with the distribution of the content among each module (94%) and 86% of learners stated that your level of dedication was high or very high. Concerning improvement of knowledge, we found an evolution of 4 percentual points between pre and post-tests (p = 0,001). The learners have identified two main changes on their practice, the first one related with patient care, improving communications and positioning skills and the second one related with image interpretation, improving the image processing and analyses. Conclusion: These global results show that e-learning can provide statistically relevant knowledge gains in Radiographers. This course is an important contribution to the improvement of mammography education, impacting on the development of students' and radiographers' skills.

2018

Systematic overview of neuroanatomical differences in ADHD: Definitive evidence

Authors
Vieira de Melo, BBV; Trigueiro, MJ; Rodrigues, PP;

Publication
DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

Abstract
Objectives: This article seeks to identify neuroanatomical differences in ADHD through an overview of systematic reviews that report encephalic differences compared to a control group in volume, area, activation likelihood or chemical composition.Methods: We conducted a systematic search using Cochrane guidelines and PRISMA criteria in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects.Results: Results revealed broad encephalic involvement that includes a functional frontal and cingulate hypoactivation and structural differences in corpus callosum, cerebellum and basal nuclei.Conclusions: ADHD symptoms might be due to a multi-network unbalanced functioning hypothesis.

2018

Impact of Imputing Missing Data in Bayesian Network Structure Learning for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis

Authors
Santos, DF; Soares, MM; Rodrigues, PP;

Publication
Building Continents of Knowledge in Oceans of Data: The Future of Co-Created eHealth - Proceedings of MIE 2018, Medical Informatics Europe, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 24-26, 2018

Abstract

2018

Sifting Through Chaos: Extracting Information from Unstructured Legal Opinions

Authors
Oliveira, BM; Guimarães, RV; Antunes, L; Rodrigues, PP;

Publication
Building Continents of Knowledge in Oceans of Data: The Future of Co-Created eHealth - Proceedings of MIE 2018, Medical Informatics Europe, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 24-26, 2018

Abstract

2018

Finding Groups in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: A Categorical Cluster Analysis

Authors
Santos, DF; Rodrigues, PP;

Publication
31st IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, CBMS 2018, Karlstad, Sweden, June 18-21, 2018

Abstract
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a significant sleep problem with various clinical presentations that have not been formally characterized. This poses critical challenges for its recognition, resulting in missed or delayed diagnosis. Recently, cluster analysis has been used in different clinical domains, particularly within numeric variables. We applied an extension of k-means to be used in categorical variables: k-modes, to identify groups of OSA patients. Demographic, physical examination, clinical history, and comorbidities characterization variables (n=46) were collected from 318 patients; missing values were all imputed with k-nearest neighbors (k-NN). Feature selection, through Chi-square test, was executed and 17 variables were inserted in cluster analysis, resulting in three clusters. Cluster 1 having an age between 65 and 90 years (54%), 78% of males, with the presence of diabetes and gastroesophageal reflux, and high OSA prevalence; Cluster 2 presented a lower percentage of OSA (46%), with middle-aged women without comorbidities, but with gastroesophageal reflux; and Cluster 3 was very similar to cluster 1, only differing in age (45-64) and comorbidities were not present. Our results suggest that there are different groups of OSA patients, creating the need to rethink the baseline characteristics of these patients before being sent to perform polysomnography (gold standard exam for diagnosis). © 2018 IEEE.