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Details

  • Nationality

    Portugal
  • Centre

    Applied Photonics
  • Contacts

    +351220402301
    miguel.s.ferreira@inesctec.pt
004
Publications

2022

Effects of Pulse Duration in Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Authors
Ferreira, MFS; Silva, NA; Guimarães, D; Martins, RC; Jorge, PAS;

Publication
U.Porto Journal of Engineering

Abstract
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a technique that leverages atomic emission towards element identification and quantification. While the potential of the technology is vast, it still struggles with obstacles such as the variability of the technique. In recent years, several methods have exploited modifications to the standard implementation to work around this problem, mostly focused on the laser side to increase the signal-to-noise ratio of the emission. In this paper, we explore the effect of pulse duration on the detected signal intensity using a tunable LIBS system that consists of a versatile fiber laser, capable of emitting square-shaped pulses with a duration ranging from 10 to 100 ns. Our results show that, by tuning the duration of the pulse, it is possible to increase the signal-to-noise ratio of relevant elemental emission lines, an effect that we relate with the computed plasma temperature and associated density for the ion species. Despite the limitations of the work due to the low-resolution and small range of the spectrometer used, the preliminary results pave an interesting path towards the design of controllable LIBS systems that can be tailored to increase the signal-to-noise ratio and thus be useful for the deployment of more sensitive instruments both for qualitative and quantitative purposes.

2022

Towards robust calibration models for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using unsupervised clustered regression techniques

Authors
Silva N.A.; Capela D.; Ferreira M.; Gonçalves F.; Lima A.; Guimarães D.; Jorge P.A.S.;

Publication
Results in Optics

Abstract

2022

Comprehensive comparison of linear and non-linear methodologies for lithium quantification in geological samples using LIBS

Authors
Ferreira, MFS; Capela, D; Silva, NA; Goncalves, F; Lima, A; Guimaraes, D; Jorge, PAS;

Publication
SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART B-ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY

Abstract
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy allows fast chemical analysis of light elements without significant sample preparation, turning it into a promising technique for on-site mining operations. Still, the performance for quantification purposes remains its major caveat, obstructing a broader application of the technique. In this work, we present an extensive comparison of the performances of distinct algorithms for quantification of Lithium in a mining prospection stage, using spectra acquired with both a commercial handheld device and a laboratory prototype. Covering both linear and non-linear methodologies, the results show that, when covering a wide range of concentrations typical on a mining operation, non-linear methodologies manage to achieve errors compatible with a semi-quantitative performance, offering performances better than those obtained with linear methods, which are more affected by saturation and matrix effects. The findings enclosed offer support for future applications in the field and may possibly be generalized for other elements of interest in similar mining environments.

2021

X-ray Fluorescence and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Analysis of Li-Rich Minerals in Veins from Argemela Tin Mine, Central Portugal

Authors
Ribeiro, R; Capela, D; Ferreira, M; Martins, R; Jorge, P; Guimaraes, D; Lima, A;

Publication
MINERALS

Abstract
In this work, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analyses were applied to samples of quartz, montebrasite, and turquoise hydrothermal veins in the Argemela Tin Mine (Central Portugal). Montebrasite (LiAl(PO4)(OH,F)) is potentially the main ore mineral; with its alteration, lithium (Li) can disseminate into other minerals. A hand sample was cut and analyzed by XRF and LIBS for several elements of interest including Cu, P, Al, Si, and Li. Although XRF cannot measure Li, results from its analysis are effective for distinguishing turquoise from montebrasite. LIBS analysis complemented this study, making it possible to conclude that turquoise does not contain any significant Li in its structure. The difference in spot size between the techniques (5 mm vs. 300 µm for XRF and LIBS, respectively) resulted in a poorer performance by XRF in accurately identifying mixed minerals. A thin section was petrographically characterized and mapped using LIBS. The mapping results demonstrate the possibility of the successful identification of minerals and their alterations on a thin section. The results of XRF analysis and LIBS mapping in petrographic sections demonstrate the efficacy of these methods as tools for element and mineral identification, which can be important in exploration and mining phases, complementing more traditional techniques.

2019

Application of a novel LIBS prototype as an analytical grade tool for Li quantification in pegmatite samples

Authors
Guimaraes, D; Ferreira, MFS; Ribeiro, R; Dias, C; Lima, A; Martins, RC; Jorge, PAS;

Publication
FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATIONS OF OPTICS AND PHOTONICS

Abstract
A high-resolution advanced laser induced breakdown spectroscopy prototype was used to quantify lithium (Li) in lithiniferous rocks. Samples were collected from Barroso's mine (Portugal), claimed as Western Europe's largest spodumene Li discovery. 51 samples from a reverse circulation drill were collected, one for each meter interval, dried, milled, pressed into pellets and further analyzed by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Quantification was attempted using either linear models based on the intensity of selected Li spectral lines or advanced chemometrics methods. The latter was very successful, with correlation coefficients of 0.97 against certified laboratory results. © 2019 SPIE.