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About

Adjunt professor at Computers Engineering Department, ESTG-Leiria (Polytechnic of Leiria) and reseracher at CRACS.

Holds a PHD in Computer Science by Universidade do Porto; MSc in Informatics, branch of systems and networks, also by Universidade do Porto; Degree in Computers Enginnering by Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto (Polytechnic of Porto).

Coordinates a MSc course in cybersecurity and digital forensics at Polytechnic of Leiria and is responsible by classes on networking, systems administration, cloud technology, networking security and datacenters infrastrucutres.

Main areas of research include immune-inspired algorithms applied to automatic detection of anomalies, ensemble based algorithms for classification and anomaly detection, learning on dynamic systems in a temporal basis.

Previously he was algo ICT project manager and system administrator in companies.

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

  • Name

    Mário João Antunes
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Senior Researcher
  • Since

    01st January 2009
Publications

2021

Evaluating cybersecurity attitudes and behaviors in Portuguese healthcare institutions

Authors
Nunes, P; Antunes, M; Silva, C;

Publication
Procedia Computer Science

Abstract

2021

Information Security and Cybersecurity Management: A Case Study with SMEs in Portugal

Authors
Antunes, M; Maximiano, M; Gomes, R; Pinto, D;

Publication
Journal of Cybersecurity and Privacy

Abstract
Information security plays a key role in enterprises management, as it deals with the confidentiality, privacy, integrity, and availability of one of their most valuable resources: data and information. Small and Medium-sized enterprises (SME) are seen as a blind spot in information security and cybersecurity management, which is mainly due to their size, regional and familiar scope, and financial resources. This paper presents an information security and cybersecurity management project, in which a methodology based on the well-known ISO-27001:2013 standard was designed and implemented in fifty SMEs that were located in the center region of Portugal. The project was conducted by a business association located at the center of Portugal and mainly participated by SMEs. The Polytechnic of Leiria and an IT auditing/consulting team were the other two entities that participated on the project. The characterisation of the participating enterprises, the ISO-27001:2013 based methodology developed and implemented in SMEs, as well as the results obtained in this case study, are depicted and analysed in the paper. The attained results show a clear benefit to the audited and intervened SMEs, being mainly attested by the increasing of their information security management robustness and collaborators’ cyberawareness.

2021

An Annotated Corpus of Crime-Related Portuguese Documents for NLP and Machine Learning Processing

Authors
Carnaz, G; Antunes, M; Nogueira, VB;

Publication
Data

Abstract
Criminal investigations collect and analyze the facts related to a crime, from which the investigators can deduce evidence to be used in court. It is a multidisciplinary and applied science, which includes interviews, interrogations, evidence collection, preservation of the chain of custody, and other methods and techniques of investigation. These techniques produce both digital and paper documents that have to be carefully analyzed to identify correlations and interactions among suspects, places, license plates, and other entities that are mentioned in the investigation. The computerized processing of these documents is a helping hand to the criminal investigation, as it allows the automatic identification of entities and their relations, being some of which difficult to identify manually. There exists a wide set of dedicated tools, but they have a major limitation: they are unable to process criminal reports in the Portuguese language, as an annotated corpus for that purpose does not exist. This paper presents an annotated corpus, composed of a collection of anonymized crime-related documents, which were extracted from official and open sources. The dataset was produced as the result of an exploratory initiative to collect crime-related data from websites and conditioned-access police reports. The dataset was evaluated and a mean precision of 0.808, recall of 0.722, and F1-score of 0.733 were obtained with the classification of the annotated named-entities present in the crime-related documents. This corpus can be employed to benchmark Machine Learning (ML) and Natural Language Processing (NLP) methods and tools to detect and correlate entities in the documents. Some examples are sentence detection, named-entity recognition, and identification of terms related to the criminal domain.

2021

A Graph Database Representation of Portuguese Criminal-Related Documents

Authors
Carnaz, G; Nogueira, VB; Antunes, M;

Publication
INFORMATICS-BASEL

Abstract
Organizations have been challenged by the need to process an increasing amount of data, both structured and unstructured, retrieved from heterogeneous sources. Criminal investigation police are among these organizations, as they have to manually process a vast number of criminal reports, news articles related to crimes, occurrence and evidence reports, and other unstructured documents. Automatic extraction and representation of data and knowledge in such documents is an essential task to reduce the manual analysis burden and to automate the discovering of names and entities relationships that may exist in a case. This paper presents SEMCrime, a framework used to extract and classify named-entities and relations in Portuguese criminal reports and documents, and represent the data retrieved into a graph database. A 5WH1 (Who, What, Why, Where, When, and How) information extraction method was applied, and a graph database representation was used to store and visualize the relations extracted from the documents. Promising results were obtained with a prototype developed to evaluate the framework, namely a name-entity recognition with an F-Measure of 0.73, and a 5W1H information extraction performance with an F-Measure of 0.65.

2021

Exposing Manipulated Photos and Videos in Digital Forensics Analysis

Authors
Ferreira, S; Antunes, M; Correia, ME;

Publication
Journal of Imaging

Abstract
Tampered multimedia content is being increasingly used in a broad range of cybercrime activities. The spread of fake news, misinformation, digital kidnapping, and ransomware-related crimes are amongst the most recurrent crimes in which manipulated digital photos and videos are the perpetrating and disseminating medium. Criminal investigation has been challenged in applying machine learning techniques to automatically distinguish between fake and genuine seized photos and videos. Despite the pertinent need for manual validation, easy-to-use platforms for digital forensics are essential to automate and facilitate the detection of tampered content and to help criminal investigators with their work. This paper presents a machine learning Support Vector Machines (SVM) based method to distinguish between genuine and fake multimedia files, namely digital photos and videos, which may indicate the presence of deepfake content. The method was implemented in Python and integrated as new modules in the widely used digital forensics application Autopsy. The implemented approach extracts a set of simple features resulting from the application of a Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) to digital photos and video frames. The model was evaluated with a large dataset of classified multimedia files containing both legitimate and fake photos and frames extracted from videos. Regarding deepfake detection in videos, the Celeb-DFv1 dataset was used, featuring 590 original videos collected from YouTube, and covering different subjects. The results obtained with the 5-fold cross-validation outperformed those SVM-based methods documented in the literature, by achieving an average F1-score of 99.53%, 79.55%, and 89.10%, respectively for photos, videos, and a mixture of both types of content. A benchmark with state-of-the-art methods was also done, by comparing the proposed SVM method with deep learning approaches, namely Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). Despite CNN having outperformed the proposed DFT-SVM compound method, the competitiveness of the results attained by DFT-SVM and the substantially reduced processing time make it appropriate to be implemented and embedded into Autopsy modules, by predicting the level of fakeness calculated for each analyzed multimedia file.

Supervised
thesis

2017

Uma implementação open source de um serviço de cloud do tipo IaaS

Author
João Vitoria Santos

Institution
IPLeiria

2017

Using telemedicine WebRTC tests in hospital environment

Author
Dário Gabriel da Cruz Santos

Institution
IPLeiria