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Mariana Magalhães has a master’s degree in multimedia from the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, where she is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree in Digital Media. Her research interests include immersive environments and multisensory virtual reality.



  • Name

    Mariana Oliveira Magalhães
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Research Assistant
  • Since

    01st November 2021


The Relationship Between Cybersickness, Sense of Presence, and the Users’ Expectancy and Perceived Similarity Between Virtual and Real Places

Magalhaes, M; Melo, M; Bessa, M; Coelho, AF;

IEEE Access



Age and level of education impact on expectancy and perceived similarity between virtual and real touristic environments

Magalhaes, M; Melo, M; Coelho, A; Bessa, M;

ICGI 2019 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Graphics and Interaction

This paper focuses on the combination of 360-degree video and virtual reality for improving the touristic experience. Three scenarios were considered in this study: two 360-degree video visualizations, each one related to different touristic places, both presented in an immersive way, followed by an actual visit to those places. By comparing these situations, it was intended to determine the degree of perceived similarity between the virtual and the corresponding real sites, and to analyze if the users' expectancy was fulfilled. This research comprised a qualitative analysis using data collection based on questionnaires, which were applied to a sample consisted of 45 participants. The independent variables of the study were the participants' age and level of education. The results show no statistically significant impact between the two independent variables (users'age and level of education) and perceived similarity and users' expectancy. Our findings suggest that virtual tourism can act as an efficient promotion tool, considering that users' perceived destination image is not compromised regarding their age or level of education. © 2019 IEEE.