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Details

  • Name

    Maria Rosário Ribeiro
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Research Assistant
  • Since

    01st September 2018
Publications

2021

The Entropy Universe

Authors
Ribeiro, M; Henriques, T; Castro, L; Souto, A; Antunes, L; Costa Santos, C; Teixeira, A;

Publication
Entropy

Abstract
About 160 years ago, the concept of entropy was introduced in thermodynamics by Rudolf Clausius. Since then, it has been continually extended, interpreted, and applied by researchers in many scientific fields, such as general physics, information theory, chaos theory, data mining, and mathematical linguistics. This paper presents The Entropy Universe, which aims to review the many variants of entropies applied to time-series. The purpose is to answer research questions such as: How did each entropy emerge? What is the mathematical definition of each variant of entropy? How are entropies related to each other? What are the most applied scientific fields for each entropy? We describe in-depth the relationship between the most applied entropies in time-series for different scientific fields, establishing bases for researchers to properly choose the variant of entropy most suitable for their data. The number of citations over the past sixteen years of each paper proposing a new entropy was also accessed. The Shannon/differential, the Tsallis, the sample, the permutation, and the approximate entropies were the most cited ones. Based on the ten research areas with the most significant number of records obtained in the Web of Science and Scopus, the areas in which the entropies are more applied are computer science, physics, mathematics, and engineering. The universe of entropies is growing each day, either due to the introducing new variants either due to novel applications. Knowing each entropy’s strengths and of limitations is essential to ensure the proper improvement of this research field.

2021

The Entropy Universe

Authors
Ribeiro, M; Henriques, T; Castro, L; Teixeira, A; Souto, A; Antunes, L; Costa-Santos, C;

Publication
Proceedings of Entropy 2021: The Scientific Tool of the 21st Century

Abstract

2021

Complexity as cardiorespiratory coupling measure in neonates with different gestational ages

Authors
Ribeiro, M; Castro, L; Antunes, L; Costa-Santos, C; Henriques, T;

Publication
Proceedings of Entropy 2021: The Scientific Tool of the 21st Century

Abstract

2021

A Standard-Based Internet of Things Platform and Data Flow Modeling for Smart Environmental Monitoring

Authors
Filho, T; Fernando, L; Rabelo, M; Silva, S; Santos, C; Ribeiro, M; Grout, IA; Moreira, W; Oliveira, A;

Publication
Sensors

Abstract
The environment consists of the interaction between the physical, biotic, and anthropic means. As this interaction is dynamic, environmental characteristics tend to change naturally over time, requiring continuous monitoring. In this scenario, the internet of things (IoT), together with traditional sensor networks, allows for the monitoring of various environmental aspects such as air, water, atmospheric, and soil conditions, and sending data to different users and remote applications. This paper proposes a Standard-based Internet of Things Platform and Data Flow Modeling for Smart Environmental Monitoring. The platform consists of an IoT network based on the IEEE 1451 standard which has the network capable application processor (NCAP) node (coordinator) and multiple wireless transducers interface module (WTIM) nodes. A WTIM node consists of one or more transducers, a data transfer interface and a processing unit. Thus, with the developed network, it is possible to collect environmental data at different points within a city landscape, to perform analysis of the communication distance between the WTIM nodes, and monitor the number of bytes transferred according to each network node. In addition, a dynamic model of data flow is proposed where the performance of the NCAP and WTIM nodes are described through state variables, relating directly to the information exchange dynamics between the communicating nodes in the mesh network. The modeling results showed stability in the network. Such stability means that the network has capacity of preserve its flow of information, for a long period of time, without loss frames or packets due to congestion.

2021

Non-linear Methods Predominant in Fetal Heart Rate Analysis: A Systematic Review

Authors
Ribeiro, M; Monteiro Santos, J; Castro, L; Antunes, L; Costa Santos, C; Teixeira, A; Henriques, TS;

Publication
FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE

Abstract
The analysis of fetal heart rate variability has served as a scientific and diagnostic tool to quantify cardiac activity fluctuations, being good indicators of fetal well-being. Many mathematical analyses were proposed to evaluate fetal heart rate variability. We focused on non-linear analysis based on concepts of chaos, fractality, and complexity: entropies, compression, fractal analysis, and wavelets. These methods have been successfully applied in the signal processing phase and increase knowledge about cardiovascular dynamics in healthy and pathological fetuses. This review summarizes those methods and investigates how non-linear measures are related to each paper's research objectives. Of the 388 articles obtained in the PubMed/Medline database and of the 421 articles in the Web of Science database, 270 articles were included in the review after all exclusion criteria were applied. While approximate entropy is the most used method in classification papers, in signal processing, the most used non-linear method was Daubechies wavelets. The top five primary research objectives covered by the selected papers were detection of signal processing, hypoxia, maturation or gestational age, intrauterine growth restriction, and fetal distress. This review shows that non-linear indices can be used to assess numerous prenatal conditions. However, they are not yet applied in clinical practice due to some critical concerns. Some studies show that the combination of several linear and non-linear indices would be ideal for improving the analysis of the fetus's well-being. Future studies should narrow the research question so a meta-analysis could be performed, probing the indices' performance.