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About

Areas of research:

- Knowledge discovery

  • Supervised learning   
  • Multiple predictive models
  • Applied knowledge discovery

- Intelligent transportation systems

  • Planning and operations of public transports

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

  • Name

    João Mendes Moreira
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Senior Researcher
  • Since

    01st January 2011
007
Publications

2021

Embedding Traffic Network Characteristics Using Tensor for Improved Traffic Prediction

Authors
Bhanu, M; Mendes Moreira, J; Chandra, J;

Publication
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

Abstract

2021

An Ensemble of Autonomous Auto-Encoders for Human Activity Recognition

Authors
Garcia, KD; de Sa, CR; Poel, M; Carvalho, T; Mendes Moreira, J; Cardoso, JMP; de Carvalho, ACPLF; Kok, JN;

Publication
Neurocomputing

Abstract

2021

An analysis of Monte Carlo simulations for forecasting software projects

Authors
Miranda, P; Faria, JP; Correia, FF; Fares, A; Graça, R; Moreira, JM;

Publication
SAC '21: The 36th ACM/SIGAPP Symposium on Applied Computing, Virtual Event, Republic of Korea, March 22-26, 2021

Abstract
Forecasts of the effort or delivery date can play an important role in managing software projects, but the estimates provided by development teams are often inaccurate and time-consuming to produce. This is not surprising given the uncertainty that underlies this activity. This work studies the use of Monte Carlo simulations for generating forecasts based on project historical data. We have designed and run experiments comparing these forecasts against what happened in practice and to estimates provided by developers, when available. Comparisons were made based on the mean magnitude of relative error (MMRE). We did also analyze how the forecasting accuracy varies with the amount of work to be forecasted and the amount of historical data used. To minimize the requirements on input data, delivery date forecasts for a set of user stories were computed based on takt time of past stories (time elapsed between the completion of consecutive stories); effort forecasts were computed based on full-time equivalent (FTE) hours allocated to the implementation of past stories. The MMRE of delivery date forecasting was 32% in a set of 10 runs (for different projects) of Monte Carlo simulation based on takt time. The MMRE of effort forecasting was 20% in a set of 5 runs of Monte Carlo simulation based on FTE allocation, much smaller than the MMRE of 134% of developers' estimates. A better forecasting accuracy was obtained when the number of historical data points was 20 or higher. These results suggest that Monte Carlo simulations may be used in practice for delivery date and effort forecasting in agile projects, after a few initial sprints. © 2021 ACM.

2021

Benchmark of Encoders of Nominal Features for Regression

Authors
Seca, D; Moreira, JM;

Publication
Trends and Applications in Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1, WorldCIST 2021, Terceira Island, Azores, Portugal, 30 March - 2 April, 2021.

Abstract
Mixed-type data is common in the real world. However, supervised learning algorithms such as support vector machines or neural networks can only process numerical features. One may choose to drop qualitative features, at the expense of possible loss of information. A better alternative is to encode them as new numerical features. Under the constraints of time, budget, and computational resources, we were motivated to search for a general-purpose encoder but found the existing benchmarks to be limited. We review these limitations and present an alternative. Our benchmark tests 16 encoding methods, on 15 regression datasets, using 7 distinct predictive models. The top general-purpose encoders were found to be Catboost, LeaveOneOut, and Target. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2020

A Study on Hyperparameter Configuration for Human Activity Recognition

Authors
Crarcia, KD; Carvalho, T; Mendes Moreira, J; Cardoso, JMP; de Carvalho, ACPLF;

Publication
14th International Conference on Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications (SOCO 2019) - Seville, Spain, May 13-15, 2019, Proceedings

Abstract
Human Activity Recognition is a machine learning task for the classification of human physical activities. Applications for that task have been extensively researched in recent literature, specially due to the benefits of improving quality of life. Since wearable technologies and smartphones have become more ubiquitous, a large amount of information about a person’s life has become available. However, since each person has a unique way of performing physical activities, a Human Activity Recognition system needs to be adapted to the characteristics of a person in order to maintain or improve accuracy. Additionally, when smartphones devices are used to collect data, it is necessary to manage its limited resources, so the system can efficiently work for long periods of time. In this paper, we present a semi-supervised ensemble algorithm and an extensive study of the influence of hyperparameter configuration in classification accuracy. We also investigate how the classification accuracy is affected by the person and the activities performed. Experimental results show that it is possible to maintain classification accuracy by adjusting hyperparameters, like window size and window overlap, depending on the person and activity performed. These results motivate the development of a system able to automatically adapt hyperparameter settings for the activity performed by each person. © 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Supervised
thesis

2020

Time-To-Event Prediction

Author
Maria José Gomes Pedroto

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Multiboosting for regression

Author
Nuno Miguel Rainho Valente

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Next Generation Machine Learning Based Real Time Fraud Detection

Author
Rui Filipe Laranjeira da Costa

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Automatic definition and classification of points of interest of vehicles through floating car data

Author
Tiago Alexandre de Sousa Dias da Silva

Institution
UP-FEUP

2020

Transportation Mode Detection for Real Mobile Crowdsourced Datasets

Author
Akilu Rilwan Muhammad

Institution
UP-FEUP