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Publications

2020

IHandU: A novel quantitative wrist rigidity evaluation device for deep brain stimulation surgery

Authors
Murias Lopes, E; Vilas Boas, MD; Dias, D; Rosas, MJ; Vaz, R; Silva Cunha, JP;

Publication
Sensors (Switzerland)

Abstract
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery is the gold standard therapeutic intervention in Parkinson’s disease (PD) with motor complications, notwithstanding drug therapy. In the intraoperative evaluation of DBS’s efficacy, neurologists impose a passive wrist flexion movement and qualitatively describe the perceived decrease in rigidity under different stimulation parameters and electrode positions. To tackle this subjectivity, we designed a wearable device to quantitatively evaluate the wrist rigidity changes during the neurosurgery procedure, supporting physicians in decision-making when setting the stimulation parameters and reducing surgery time. This system comprises a gyroscope sensor embedded in a textile band for patient’s hand, communicating to a smartphone via Bluetooth and has been evaluated on three datasets, showing an average accuracy of 80%. In this work, we present a system that has seen four iterations since 2015, improving on accuracy, usability and reliability. We aim to review the work done so far, outlining the iHandU system evolution, as well as the main challenges, lessons learned, and future steps to improve it. We also introduce the last version (iHandU 4.0), currently used in DBS surgeries at São João Hospital in Portugal. © 2020 by the authors.

2020

SnapKi—An Inertial Easy-to-Adapt Wearable Textile Device for Movement Quantification of Neurological Patients

Authors
Oliveira, A; Dias, D; Lopes, EM; Vilas Boas, MD; Silva Cunha, JPS;

Publication
Sensors

Abstract
The development of wearable health systems has been the focus of many researchers who aim to find solutions in healthcare. Additionally, the large potential of textiles to integrate electronics, together with the comfort and usability they provide, has contributed to the development of smart garments in this area. In the field of neurological disorders with motor impairment, clinicians look for wearable devices that may provide quantification of movement symptoms. Neurological disorders affect different motion abilities thus requiring different needs in movement quantification. With this background we designed and developed an inertial textile-embedded wearable device that is adaptable to different movement-disorders quantification requirements. This adaptative device is composed of a low-power 9-axis inertial unit, a customised textile band and a web and Android cross application used for data collection, debug and calibration. The textile band comprises a snap buttons system that allows the attachment of the inertial unit, as well as its connection with the analog sensors through conductive textile. The resulting system is easily adaptable for quantification of multiple motor symptoms in different parts of the body, such as rigidity, tremor and bradykinesia assessments, gait analysis, among others. In our project, the system was applied for a specific use-case of wrist rigidity quantification during Deep Brain Stimulation surgeries, showing its high versatility and receiving very positive feedback from patients and doctors.

2020

Multimodal Approach for Epileptic Seizure Detection in Epilepsy Monitoring Units

Authors
Maia, P; Lopes, E; Hartl, E; Vollmar, C; Noachtar, S; Silva Cunha, JPS;

Publication
XV MEDITERRANEAN CONFERENCE ON MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTING - MEDICON 2019

Abstract
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders, affecting up to 1% of the World population. Patients with epilepsy may suffer from severe consequences from seizures (e.g. injuries) when not monitored. Automatic seizure detection systems could mitigate this problem, improving seizure tracking and alerting a caregiver during a seizure. Existing unimodal solutions for seizure detection, based on electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) still have an unacceptable level of false positives, which can be reduced by combining these two biosignals. In this paper, EEG and ECG data from 7 epileptic patients with diverse recording length and seizure types were used for analyzing the importance of multimodal seizure detection, at a total of around 110 h 2 m. A leave one seizure out cross validation was selected, grouping data containing the period before a seizure and the seizure period. A proof of concept of multimodal seizure detection which uses a deep learning architecture directly on raw data is performed - a Fully Convolutional Neural Network and an architecture based on LSTM were tested. The network based on LSTM achieved better performance - using the best of one or a combination of both signals, all patients had above 91% detected seizures, a specificity per epoch above 0.96 +/- 0.06 and a detection delay below 8.5 +/- 12 s. These results show potential for developing a patient-specific approach for seizure detection that can be transferred to the ambulatory.

2020

A Textile Embedded Wearable Device for Movement Disorders Quantification

Authors
Oliveira, A; Dias, D; Lopes, EM; Vilas Boas, MD; Cunha, JPS;

Publication
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS

Abstract
Wearable devices have been showing promising results in a large range of applications: since industry, to entertainment and, in particular, healthcare. In the scope of movement disorders, wearable devices are being widely implemented for motor symptoms objective assessment. Currently, clinicians evaluate patients' motor symptoms resorting to subjective scales and visual perception, such as in Parkinson's Disease. The possibility to make use of wearable devices to quantify this disorder motor symptoms would bring an accurate follow-up on the disease progression, leading to more efficient treatments.Here we present a novel textile embedded low-power wearable device capable to be used in any scenario of movement disorders assessment due to its seamless, comfort and versatility. Regarding our research, it has already improved the setup of a wrist rigidity quantification system for Parkinson's Disease patients: the iHandU system. The wearable comprises a hardware sensing unit integrated in a textile band with an innovative design assuring higher comfort and easiness-to-use in movement disorders assessment. It enables to collect inertial data (9-axis) and has the possibility to integrate two analog sensors. A web platform was developed for data reading, visualization and recording. To ensure inertial data reliability, validation tests for the accelerometer and gyroscope sensors were conducted by comparison with its theoretical behavior, obtaining very good results. © 2020 IEEE.

2019

Automated measures of gait dynamics and camptocormia angle in Parkinson's disease before and after subthalamic deep brain stimulation

Authors
Soares, C; Vilas Boas, MDC; Lopes, EM; Choupina, H; Soares Dos Reis, R; Fitas, D; Cunha, JPS; Monteiro, P; Linhares, P; Rosas, MJSL;

Publication
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY

Abstract