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About

About

Bruno M. P. M. Oliveira is an auxiliary professor at the University of Porto (Portugal) and a researcher of the LIAAD, INESC TEC. He has a degree in Astronomy, a MSc in Applied Mathematics, a PhD in Applied Mathematics and an Habilitation in Clinical Nutrition - Basic Sciences.
His research reaches several Mathematical areas that include Dynamical Systems, Game Theory and Statistics.
Of his particular interest are applications to Nutrition and Food Sciences (in particular to Clinical Nutrition and Food and Nutrition Consumption Sciences), Immunology (in particular modelling T cell and Tregs), Epidemiology and Economy (in particular in Cournot competition and random pairing markets).
He has participated in research projects funded by EU and the Portuguese FCT covering Nutrition and Food Sciences and Mathematics.

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

  • Name

    Bruno Mendes Oliveira
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Senior Researcher
  • Since

    01st April 2012
001
Publications

2019

Evolution of body composition of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery

Authors
Silva, LB; Oliveira, BMPM; Correia, F;

Publication
CLINICAL NUTRITION ESPEN

Abstract
Background & aims: Bariatric surgery is increasingly common in the fight against morbid obesity. However, after this intervention, it is not fully understood the evolution of weight loss and how body composition changes. The objective of this work is to study the evolution after surgery of weight and body composition of obese patients that underwent bariatric surgery. Methods: In this retrospective and prospective study, we studied initially BMI and body composition of obese patients who attended nutritional appointments at Centro Hospitalar Sao Joao E.P.E. We collected personal data and anthropometric measurements between the pre-surgery appointment up to 60 months after surgery. Results: The sample consisted of 793 patients, of which 86.5% were female and 13.5% were male, with a mean age of 43 years (SD = 10.5 years) and mean height of 1.62 m (SD = 0.079 m). Patients undergoing gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass had, respectively, an initial BMI reduction of 6.3 kg/ m(2), 13.2 kg/m(2) and 15.4 kg/m(2) and an initial fat mass% reduction of 4.4%, 14.3% and 17.3%. On the other hand, they had an initial increase of 3.2%, 10.8% and 12.4% of water%, 1.4%, 3.9% and 4.6% of fat and waterfree mass%, and 1.9%, 7.3% and 8.9% of skeletal muscle mass%, respectively. BMI and fat mass% on average had a large decrease in the first 12 months, increasing slightly from 24 months onwards. The opposite behaviour was observed for water%, fat and water-free mass% and skeletal muscle mass%. Conclusions: Bariatric surgery initially allows a substantial decrease in BMI as well as beneficial changes in the overall body composition of the individuals. Gastric bypass was the method that caused the most changes, followed by sleeve gastrectomy and, finally, gastric band. On average, after 24 months of follow-up, and for all surgical procedures studied, we observed a reversion in BMI and body composition values, showing the difficulties in maintaining weight and fat loss.

2018

Psychopathological correlates of eating behavior among Portuguese undergraduate students

Authors
Poinhos, R; Oliveira, BMPM; Correia, F;

Publication
Nutrition

Abstract

2018

Cournot duopolies with investment in R&D: Regions of nash investment equilibria

Authors
Oliveira, BMPM; Becker Paulo, J; Pinto, AA;

Publication
Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics

Abstract
We study a model of a Cournot duopoly where firms invest in R&D to reduce their production costs. Depending on the parameters, we may find regions with one, two or three Nash equilibria of the investment. Here, we study the effect of the parameters in these regions, in particular, we study the effect of the possible market saturation, the maximum relative cost reduction and the product differentiation, giving special attention to regions with multiple Nash equilibria. We observed that, in general, the competitive region, where both firms invest, is reduced as we increase the possible market saturation and the differentiation of the products and is enlarged when we increase the maximum relative cost reduction. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.

2018

Skinfolds compressibility and calliper's time response in male athletes

Authors
Bini, A; Amaral, TF; Oliveira, BMPM; Carvalho, P; Teixeira, VH;

Publication
PROGRESS IN NUTRITION

Abstract
Introduction: The body skinfolds compressibility is an individual characteristic determined by tissues properties. Compressibility could affect the skinfold thicknesses inducing error in the assessment of subcutaneous adipose tissue and in the estimation of body composition. Objectives: This study aims to firstly describe the time behaviour of eight body skinfolds' physical response to the skinfold calliper pressure during measurement. Methods: Using a digital skinfold calliper that gathers 60 measurements per second, the dynamic response of height skinfolds to pressure was characterized in 36 adult male athletes. To assess the skinfolds compressibility, two points were defined L and H: the S-L corresponds to the lowest value within the 120 measurement the time when it was obtained was defined as T-L. The T-H corresponds to the first moment where the 110% of of the value S-L was measured. The equations of the average of each skinfold as a function of time were obtained from a non-linear fitting. Results: Skinfold compressibility varied according subjects (p< 0.05). Significant differences were found among skinfold sites within S-H, S-L, T-H and T-L, confirming that each skinfold compressibility is different from the other, even within a homogeneous study group. Biceps was the first skinfold to reach the minimum thickness value (T-L= 1.08 +/- 0.38s), while iliac crest was the last one (T-L= 1.63 +/- 0.27s). Given the very good fits that were obtained for all skinfolds (R-2 >= 0.997), it was postulated that the skinfold thickness y changes with time t according to the equation: y = y0 + a/(b + t(n)). Conclusions: Inter and intraindividual skinfolds' variation in compressibility was documented, supporting a reduction in protocolled time during evaluations.

2018

Modelling the suppression of autoimmunity after pathogen infection

Authors
Oliveira, BMPM; Trinchet, R; Otero Espinar, MVO; Pinto, A; Burroughs, N;

Publication
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences

Abstract
We study a mathematical model of immune response by T cells where the regulatory T cells (Treg) inhibit interleukin 2 (IL-2) secretion. We model the suppression of the autoimmune line of T cells after a different line of T cells responded to a pathogen infection. In this paper, we show that if the population of the pathogen responding line of T cells becomes large enough, the competition for IL-2 and the increase in the death rates may lead to a depletion in the concentration of autoimmune T cells. Provided this lasts for a sufficiently long time, the concentration of autoimmune T cells can be brought down to values inside the basin of attraction of the controlled state, and autoimmunity can be suppressed. Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Supervised
thesis

2017

Applications to dynamical systems to immunology and to random exchange economies

Author
Yusuf Aliyu Ahmad

Institution
UP-FCUP

2017

Avaliação da ingestão de ácidos gordos polinsaturados ómega 3 numa amostra de grávidas

Author
Dulce Marlene Oliveira de Magalhães

Institution
UP-FCNA

2017

Undernutrition of HEU infants in their first 1000 days of life: A case in the Urban-Low Resource Setting of Mukuru Slum, Nairobi, Kenya.

Author
Jane Nduta Wambura

Institution
UP-FCNA

2017

Identificação de padrões alimentares de doentes oncológicos em ambulatório

Author
Joana Filipa Alhinho Martins Narciso da Silva

Institution
UP-FCNA

2017

Evolução da Composição Corporal em Doentes Obesos Submetidos a Cirurgia Bariátrica.

Author
Luís Bernardo Gomes da Silva

Institution
UP-FCNA