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About

About

Bruno M. P. M. Oliveira is an auxiliary professor at the University of Porto (Portugal) and a researcher of the LIAAD, INESC TEC. He has a degree in Astronomy, a MSc in Applied Mathematics, a PhD in Applied Mathematics and an Habilitation in Clinical Nutrition - Basic Sciences.
His research reaches several Mathematical areas that include Dynamical Systems, Game Theory and Statistics.
Of his particular interest are applications to Nutrition and Food Sciences (in particular to Clinical Nutrition and Food and Nutrition Consumption Sciences), Immunology (in particular modelling T cell and Tregs), Epidemiology and Economy (in particular in Cournot competition and random pairing markets).
He has participated in research projects funded by EU and the Portuguese FCT covering Nutrition and Food Sciences and Mathematics.

Interest
Topics
Details

Details

  • Name

    Bruno Mendes Oliveira
  • Cluster

    Computer Science
  • Role

    Senior Researcher
  • Since

    01st April 2012
Publications

2018

Psychopathological correlates of eating behavior among Portuguese undergraduate students

Authors
Poinhos, R; Oliveira, BMPM; Correia, F;

Publication
Nutrition

Abstract

2018

Cournot duopolies with investment in R&D: Regions of nash investment equilibria

Authors
Oliveira, BMPM; Becker Paulo, J; Pinto, AA;

Publication
Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics

Abstract
We study a model of a Cournot duopoly where firms invest in R&D to reduce their production costs. Depending on the parameters, we may find regions with one, two or three Nash equilibria of the investment. Here, we study the effect of the parameters in these regions, in particular, we study the effect of the possible market saturation, the maximum relative cost reduction and the product differentiation, giving special attention to regions with multiple Nash equilibria. We observed that, in general, the competitive region, where both firms invest, is reduced as we increase the possible market saturation and the differentiation of the products and is enlarged when we increase the maximum relative cost reduction. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.

2018

Skinfolds compressibility and calliper's time response in male athletes

Authors
Bini, A; Amaral, TF; Oliveira, BMPM; Carvalho, P; Teixeira, VH;

Publication
PROGRESS IN NUTRITION

Abstract
Introduction: The body skinfolds compressibility is an individual characteristic determined by tissues properties. Compressibility could affect the skinfold thicknesses inducing error in the assessment of subcutaneous adipose tissue and in the estimation of body composition. Objectives: This study aims to firstly describe the time behaviour of eight body skinfolds' physical response to the skinfold calliper pressure during measurement. Methods: Using a digital skinfold calliper that gathers 60 measurements per second, the dynamic response of height skinfolds to pressure was characterized in 36 adult male athletes. To assess the skinfolds compressibility, two points were defined L and H: the S-L corresponds to the lowest value within the 120 measurement the time when it was obtained was defined as T-L. The T-H corresponds to the first moment where the 110% of of the value S-L was measured. The equations of the average of each skinfold as a function of time were obtained from a non-linear fitting. Results: Skinfold compressibility varied according subjects (p< 0.05). Significant differences were found among skinfold sites within S-H, S-L, T-H and T-L, confirming that each skinfold compressibility is different from the other, even within a homogeneous study group. Biceps was the first skinfold to reach the minimum thickness value (T-L= 1.08 +/- 0.38s), while iliac crest was the last one (T-L= 1.63 +/- 0.27s). Given the very good fits that were obtained for all skinfolds (R-2 >= 0.997), it was postulated that the skinfold thickness y changes with time t according to the equation: y = y0 + a/(b + t(n)). Conclusions: Inter and intraindividual skinfolds' variation in compressibility was documented, supporting a reduction in protocolled time during evaluations.

2018

Modelling the suppression of autoimmunity after pathogen infection

Authors
Oliveira, BMPM; Trinchet, R; Otero Espinar, MV; Pinto, A; Burroughs, N;

Publication
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences

Abstract
We study a mathematical model of immune response by T cells where the regulatory T cells (Treg) inhibit interleukin 2 (IL-2) secretion. We model the suppression of the autoimmune line of T cells after a different line of T cells responded to a pathogen infection. In this paper, we show that if the population of the pathogen responding line of T cells becomes large enough, the competition for IL-2 and the increase in the death rates may lead to a depletion in the concentration of autoimmune T cells. Provided this lasts for a sufficiently long time, the concentration of autoimmune T cells can be brought down to values inside the basin of attraction of the controlled state, and autoimmunity can be suppressed. Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2017

Eating behaviour among nutrition students and social desirability as a confounder

Authors
Freitas, D; Oliveira, BMPM; Correia, F; Pinhao, S; Poinhos, R;

Publication
APPETITE

Abstract
Introduction: The study of eating behaviour should consider the presence of potential sources of bias, including social desirability. This is particularly relevant among students of Nutrition Sciences, since they have a higher risk of eating disorders. Objective: To analyse the effect of social desirability in the assessment of eating behaviour dimensions among nutrition students. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 149 students of Nutrition Sciences. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing social desirability and eating behaviour dimensions (emotional, external and binge eating, flexible and rigid control, and eating self-efficacy). Results: Among males, social desirability had a negative association with binge eating, while among women it had a negative association with emotional, external and binge eating and a positive association with eating self-efficacy. In both subsamples, social desirability showed no significant association with any of the two types of dietary restraint (rigid and flexible control). Discussion: Overall, the association between social desirability and eating behaviour dimensions among students of Nutrition Sciences occurs in the same direction as found in students from other areas. However, alongside these similarities, there is a stronger association between social desirability and binge eating among male students of Nutrition Sciences. We hypothesize that this may be related with the different knowledge of students from different areas, and the way they perceive and face the treatment of eating disorders. Conclusion: Our study shows that social desirability should be considered while assessing eating behaviour among nutrition students, particularly when studying external eating, binge eating and eating self-efficacy. Moreover, when tailoring interventions to reduce the possible effects of eating behaviour on nutritionists and dieticians' practice, we should consider the influence of social desirability.

Supervised
thesis

2017

Avaliação da composição corporal e da densidade mineral óssea por dois métodos. Estudo em mulheres obesas e não obesas.

Author
Madalena Simão Ramalho Ortigão

Institution
UP-FCNA

2017

R&D Dynamics with uncertainty in the production cost

Author
Joana Becker Paulo

Institution
UP-FCUP

2017

Applications to dynamical systems to immunology and to random exchange economies

Author
Yusuf Aliyu Ahmad

Institution
UP-FCUP

2017

Avaliação da ingestão de ácidos gordos polinsaturados ómega 3 numa amostra de grávidas

Author
Dulce Marlene Oliveira de Magalhães

Institution
UP-FCNA

2017

Undernutrition of HEU infants in their first 1000 days of life: A case in the Urban-Low Resource Setting of Mukuru Slum, Nairobi, Kenya.

Author
Jane Nduta Wambura

Institution
UP-FCNA