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Detalhes

Detalhes

  • Nome

    Maria Antónia Carravilla
  • Cargo

    Investigador Coordenador
  • Desde

    01 novembro 1995
006
Publicações

2024

Heuristics for online three-dimensional packing problems and algorithm selection framework for semi-online with full look-ahead

Autores
Ali, S; Ramos, AG; Carravilla, MA; Oliveira, JF;

Publicação
APPLIED SOFT COMPUTING

Abstract
In online three-dimensional packing problems (3D-PPs), unlike offline problems, items arrive sequentially and require immediate packing decisions without any information about the quantities and sizes of the items to come. Heuristic methods are of great importance in solving online problems to find good solutions in a reasonable amount of time. However, the literature on heuristics for online problems is sparse. As our first contribution, we developed a pool of heuristics applicable to online 3D-PPs with complementary performance on different sets of instances. Computational results showed that in terms of the number of used bins, in all problem instances, at least one of our heuristics had a better or equal performance compared to existing heuristics in the literature. The developed heuristics are also fully applicable to an intermediate class between offline and online problems, referred to in this paper as a specific type of semi-online with full look-ahead, which has several practical applications. In this class, as in offline problems, complete information about all items is known in advance (i.e., full look-ahead); however, due to time or space constraints, as in online problems, items should be packed immediately in the order of their arrival. As our second contribution, we presented an algorithm selection framework, building on developed heuristics and utilizing prior information about items in this specific class of problems. We used supervised machine learning techniques to find the relationship between the features of problem instances and the performance of heuristics and to build a prediction model. The results indicate an 88% accuracy in predicting (identifying) the most promising heuristic(s) for solving any new instance from this class of problems.

2023

A stochastic programming approach to the cutting stock problem with usable leftovers

Autores
Cherri, AC; Cherri, LH; Oliveira, BB; Oliveira, JF; Carravilla, MA;

Publicação
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH

Abstract
In cutting processes, one of the strategies to reduce raw material waste is to generate leftovers that are large enough to return to stock for future use. The length of these leftovers is important since waste is expected to be minimal when cutting these objects in the future. However, in several situations, future demand is unknown and evaluating the best length for the leftovers is challenging. Furthermore, it may not be economically feasible to manage a stock of leftovers with multiple lengths that may not result in minimal waste when cut. In this paper, we approached the cutting stock problem with the possibility of generating leftovers as a two-stage stochastic program with recourse. We approximated the demand levels for the different items by employing a finite set of scenarios. Also, we modeled different decisions made before and after uncertainties were revealed. We proposed a mathematical model to represent this problem and developed a column generation approach to solve it. We ran computational experi-ments with randomly generated instances, considering a representative set of scenarios with a varying probability distribution. The results validated the efficiency of the proposed approach and allowed us to derive insights on the value of modeling and tackling uncertainty in this problem. Overall, the results showed that the cutting stock problem with usable leftovers benefits from a modeling approach based on sequential decision-making points and from explicitly considering uncertainty in the model and the solution method. (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ )

2023

Mathematical models for the two-dimensional variable-sized cutting stock problem in the home textile industry

Autores
Salem, KH; Silva, E; Oliveira, JF; Carravilla, MA;

Publicação
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH

Abstract
In this paper, we consider the two-dimensional Variable-Sized Cutting Stock Problem (2D-VSCSP) with guillotine constraint, applied to the home textile industry. This is a challenging class of real-world prob-lems where, given a set of predefined widths of fabric rolls and a set of piece types, the goal is to de-cide the widths and lengths of the fabric rolls to be produced, and to generate the cutting patterns to cut all demanded pieces. Each piece type considered has a rectangular shape with a specific width and length and a fixed demand to be respected. The main objective function is to minimize the total amount of the textile materials produced/cut to satisfy the demand. According to Wascher, Hau ss ner, & Schu-mann (2007), the addressed problem is a Cutting Stock Problem (CSP), as the demand for each item is greater than one. However, in the real-world application at stake, the demand for each item type is not very high (below ten for all item types). Therefore, addressing the problem as a Bin-Packing Problem (BPP), in which all items are considered to be different and have a unitary demand, was a possibility. For this reason, two approaches to solve the problems were devised, implemented, and tested: (1) a CSP model, based on the well-known Lodi and Monaci (2003) model (3 variants), and (2) an original BPP-based model. Our research shows that, for this level of demand, the new BPP model is more competitive than CSP models. We analyzed these different models and described their characteristics, namely the size and the quality of the linear programming relaxation bound for solving the basic mono-objective variant of the problem. We also propose an epsilon-constraint approach to deal with a bi-objective extension of the problem, in which the number of cutting patterns used must also be minimized. The quality of the models was evaluated through computational experiments on randomly generated instances, yielding promising results.(c) 2022 Published by Elsevier B.V.

2023

The Floating-Cuts model: a general and flexible mixed-integer programming model for non-guillotine and guillotine rectangular cutting problems

Autores
Silva, E; Oliveira, JF; Silveira, T; Mundim, L; Carravilla, MA;

Publicação
OMEGA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCE

Abstract
Cutting and packing problems are challenging combinatorial optimization problems that have many rel-evant industrial applications and arise whenever a raw material has to be cut into smaller parts while minimizing waste, or products have to be packed, minimizing the empty space. Thus, the optimal solution to these problems has a positive economic and environmental impact. In many practical applications, both the raw material and the cut parts have a rectangular shape, and cut-ting plans are generated for one raw material rectangle (also known as plate) at a time. This is known in the literature as the (two-dimensional) rectangular cutting problem. Many variants of this problem may arise, led by cutting technology constraints, raw-material characteristics, and different planning goals, the most relevant of which are the guillotine cuts. The absence of the guillotine cuts imposition makes the problem harder to solve to optimality.Based on the Floating-Cuts paradigm, a general and flexible mixed-integer programming model for the general rectangular cutting problem is proposed. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first mixed inte-ger linear programming model in the literature for both non-guillotine and guillotine problems. The basic idea of this model is a tree search where branching occurs by successive first-order non-guillotine-type cuts. The exact position of the cuts is not fixed, but instead remains floating until a concrete small rect-angle (also known as item) is assigned to a child node. This model does not include decision variables either for the position coordinates of the items or for the coordinates of the cuts. Under this framework, it was possible to address various different variants of the problem.Extensive computational experiments were run to evaluate the model's performance considering 16 dif-ferent problem variants, and to compare it with the state-of-the-art formulations of each variant. The results confirm the power of this flexible model, as, for some variants, it outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches and, for the other variants, it presents results fairly close to the best approaches. But, even more importantly, this is a new way of looking at these problems which may trigger even better approaches, with the consequent economic and environmental benefits.

2023

Design of a sales plan in a hybrid contractual and non-contractual context in a setting of limited capacity: A robust approach

Autores
Pereira, DF; Oliveira, JF; Carravilla, MA;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS

Abstract
Many companies face capacity limitations that impair them to satisfy potential demand. In this context, sales/marketing teams have to decide which demand segments the company should prioritize. In business -to-business contexts, it is common that this selection includes customers with and without a contract. On the operations side, the production teams are interested in finding the most efficient usage for the available capacity. However, decision-making approaches to face such a challenge are scarce. In this paper, we propose a scenario-based robust optimization model to support the sales and marketing teams to define the most profitable sales plan in a setting of limited capacity, to serve multiple customers that can be either non -contractual or operate under quantity-flexibility contracts. The proposed model integrates contract design, portfolio selection, and tactical production planning decisions. By employing our model, we are able to quantify how a product's inclusion in a contract relates not only to its own profitability but also to the profitability of the remaining products that might be offered to the customer using the same resources. Regarding the optimal flexibility level to offer to a customer, it is explained by the expected sales volume, the discount rate depending on the flexibility level, and the demand variability expectation. We expect this approach supports industrial companies in defining the mid-term sales plan and deciding on the conditions to offer to contract customers.

Teses
supervisionadas

2022

Exploração de Covert Channels de Rede sobre comunicações IEEE 802.15.4

Autor
JOÃO TOMÁS BAPTISTA RODRIGUES

Instituição
IPP-ISEP

2022

Decision Models for Asset Management in Water Supply Facilities

Autor
Hermilio Carneiro Vilarinho Fernandes

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2022

Public Online Activity Data Sources and Unemployment Prediction.

Autor
Eduardo André Moura Martins Costa

Instituição
UP-FEP

2022

Growing hops in Portugal: A strategy for sustainability

Autor
Sandra Cristina Pereira Afonso

Instituição
UP-FCUP

2022

Fulfilment Network Design

Autor
Alexandra Pereira Jesus Morais

Instituição
UP-FEUP