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Detalhes

013
Publicações

2021

Autonomous wheelchair for patient’s transportation on healthcare institutions

Autores
Baltazar, AR; Petry, MR; Silva, MF; Moreira, AP;

Publicação
SN Applied Sciences

Abstract
AbstractThe transport of patients from the inpatient service to the operating room is a recurrent task in a hospital routine. This task is repetitive, non-ergonomic, time consuming, and requires the labor of patient transporters. In this paper is presented a system, named Connected Driverless Wheelchair, that can receive transportation requests directly from the hospital information management system, pick up patients at their beds, navigate autonomously through different floors, avoid obstacles, communicate with elevators, and drop patients off at the designated operating room. As a result, a prototype capable of transporting patients autonomously in hospital environments was obtained. Although it was impossible to test the final developed system at the hospital as planned, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the extensive tests conducted at the robotics laboratory facilities, and our previous experience in integrating mobile robots in hospitals, allowed to conclude that it is perfectly prepared for this integration to be carried out. The achieved results are relevant since this is a system that may be applied to support these types of tasks in the future, making the transport of patients more efficient (both from a cost and time perspective), without unpredictable delays and, in some cases, safer.

2021

Extrinsic sensor calibration methods for mobile robots: A short review

Autores
Sousa, RB; Petry, MR; Moreira, AP;

Publicação
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering

Abstract
Data acquisition is a critical task for localisation and perception of mobile robots. It is necessary to compute the relative pose between onboard sensors to process the data in a common frame. Thus, extrinsic calibration computes the sensor’s relative pose improving data consistency between them. This paper performs a literature review on extrinsic sensor calibration methods prioritising the most recent ones. The sensors types considered were laser scanners, cameras and IMUs. It was found methods for robot–laser, laser–laser, laser–camera, robot–camera, camera–camera, camera–IMU, IMU–IMU and laser–IMU calibration. The analysed methods allow the full calibration of a sensory system composed of lasers, cameras and IMUs. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021.

2020

Driverless Wheelchair for Patient's On-Demand Transportation in Hospital Environment*

Autores
Baltazar, A; Petry, MR; Silva, MF; Moreira, AP;

Publicação
2020 IEEE International Conference on Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions, ICARSC 2020, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, April 15-17, 2020

Abstract
The transport of patients from the inpatient service to the operating room is a recurrent task in the hospital routine. This task is repetitive, non-ergonomic, time consuming, and requires the labor of patient transporters. In this paper is presented the design of a driverless wheelchair under development capable of providing an on-demand mobility service to hospitals. The proposed wheelchair can receive transportation requests directly from the hospital information management system, pick-up patients at their beds, navigate autonomously through different floors, avoid obstacles, communicate with elevators, and drop patients off at the designated destination. © 2020 IEEE.

2020

Evolution of odometry calibration methods for ground mobile robots

Autores
Sousa, RB; Petry, MR; Moreira, AP;

Publicação
2020 IEEE International Conference on Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions, ICARSC 2020

Abstract
Localisation is a critical problem in ground mobile robots. For dead reckoning, odometry is usually used. A disadvantage of using it alone is unbounded error accumulation. So, odometry calibration is critical in reducing error propagation. This paper presents an analysis of the developments and advances of systematic methods for odometry calibration. Four steering geometries were analysed, namely differential drive, Ackerman, tricycle and omnidirectional. It highlights the advances made on this field and covers the methods since UMBmark was proposed. The points of analysis are the techniques and test paths used, errors considered in calibration, and experiments made to validate each method. It was obtained fifteen methods for differential drive, three for Ackerman, two for tricycle, and three for the omnidirectional steering geometry. A disparity was noted, compared with the real utilisation, between the number of published works addressing differential drive and tricycle/Ackerman. Still, odometry continues evolving since UMBmark was proposed. © 2020 IEEE.

2020

Occupancy Grid and Topological Maps Extraction from Satellite Images for Path Planning in Agricultural Robots

Autores
Santos, LC; Aguiar, AS; Santos, FN; Valente, A; Petry, M;

Publicação
Robotics

Abstract
Robotics will significantly impact large sectors of the economy with relatively low productivity, such as Agri-Food production. Deploying agricultural robots on the farm is still a challenging task. When it comes to localising the robot, there is a need for a preliminary map, which is obtained from a first robot visit to the farm. Mapping is a semi-autonomous task that requires a human operator to drive the robot throughout the environment using a control pad. Visual and geometric features are used by Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping (SLAM) Algorithms to model and recognise places, and track the robot’s motion. In agricultural fields, this represents a time-consuming operation. This work proposes a novel solution—called AgRoBPP-bridge—to autonomously extract Occupancy Grid and Topological maps from satellites images. These preliminary maps are used by the robot in its first visit, reducing the need of human intervention and making the path planning algorithms more efficient. AgRoBPP-bridge consists of two stages: vineyards row detection and topological map extraction. For vineyards row detection, we explored two approaches, one that is based on conventional machine learning technique, by considering Support Vector Machine with Local Binary Pattern-based features, and another one found in deep learning techniques (ResNET and DenseNET). From the vineyards row detection, we extracted an occupation grid map and, by considering advanced image processing techniques and Voronoi diagrams concept, we obtained a topological map. Our results demonstrated an overall accuracy higher than 85% for detecting vineyards and free paths for robot navigation. The Support Vector Machine (SVM)-based approach demonstrated the best performance in terms of precision and computational resources consumption. AgRoBPP-bridge shows to be a relevant contribution to simplify the deployment of robots in agriculture.

Teses
supervisionadas

2020

Odometry and Extrinsic Sensor Calibration on Mobile Robots

Autor
Ricardo Barbosa Sousa

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2020

Autonomous Wheelchair to support Patients of Hospital Services

Autor
André Rodrigues Baltazar

Instituição
UP-FEUP