Cookies
O website necessita de alguns cookies e outros recursos semelhantes para funcionar. Caso o permita, o INESC TEC irá utilizar cookies para recolher dados sobre as suas visitas, contribuindo, assim, para estatísticas agregadas que permitem melhorar o nosso serviço. Ver mais
Aceitar Rejeitar
  • Menu
Tópicos
de interesse
Detalhes

Detalhes

  • Nome

    Leonel Magalhães Carvalho
  • Cargo

    Responsável de Área
  • Desde

    18 fevereiro 2008
  • Nacionalidade

    Portugal
  • Contactos

    +351222094230
    leonel.m.carvalho@inesctec.pt
037
Publicações

2024

Public policies to foster green hydrogen seasonal storage: Portuguese study case model until 2040

Autores
Santos, BH; Lopes, JP; Carvalho, L; Matos, M; Alves, I;

Publicação
ENERGY STRATEGY REVIEWS

Abstract
Portugal made a climate commitment when it ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015. As a result, Portugal, along with other EU members, has created a national roadmap for the deployment of hydrogen as a crucial component of Portugal ' s energy transition towards carbon neutrality, creating synergies between the electric and gas systems. The increased variability of generation from variable renewable power sources will create challenges regarding the security of supply, requiring investment in storage solutions to minimize renewable energy curtailment and to provide dispatchability to the electric power system. Hydrogen can be a renewable energy carrier capable of ensuring not only the desired transformation of the infrastructures of the gas system but also an integrator of the Electric System, such as in Power -to -Power (P2P) systems. Hydrogen can be produced with a surplus of renewable electricity from wind and solar, allowing a long-term energy seasonal storage strategy, namely by using underground salt caverns, to be subsequently transformed into electricity when demand cannot be supplied due to a shortage of renewable generation from solar or wind. P2P investments are capital intensive and require the development of transitional regulation mechanisms to both create opportunities to market agents while fostering the energy surplus valuation and decreasing the energy dependency. In order to maintain the electric system ' s security of supply, the suggested methodology innovatively manages the importance of seasonal storage of renewable energy surplus using hydrogen in power systems. It suggests a novel set of regulatory strategies to foster the creation of a P2P solution that maintains generation adequacy while assisting in decarbonising the electric power industry. Such methodology combines long-term adequacy assessment with regulatory framework evaluation to evaluate the cost of the proposed solutions to the energy system. A case study based on the Portuguese power system outlook between 2030 and 2040 demonstrates that the considerable renewable energy surplus can be stored as hydrogen and converted back into electricity to assure adequate security of supply levels throughout the year with economic feasibility under distinct public policy models.

2023

A Data-Driven Approach to Estimate the Flexibility Maps in Multiple TSO-DSO Connections

Autores
Silva, J; Sumaili, J; Silva, B; Carvalho, L; Retorta, F; Staudt, M; Miranda, V;

Publicação
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS

Abstract
This paper presents a methodology to estimate flexibility existing on TSO-DSO borderline, for the cases where multiple TSO-DSO connections exist (meshed grids). To do so, the work conducted exploits previous developments regarding flexibility representation through the adoption of active and reactive power flexibility maps and extends the concept for the cases where multiple TSO-DSO connection exists, using data-driven approach to determine the equivalent impedance between TSO nodes, preserving the anonymity regarding sensitive grid information, such as the topology. This paper also provides numerical validation followed by real-world demonstration of the methodology proposed.

2023

Including Dynamic Security Constraints in Isolated Power Systems Unit Commitment/Economic Dispatch: a Machine Learning-based Approach

Autores
de Sousa, RP; Moreira, C; Carvalho, L; Matos, M;

Publicação
2023 IEEE BELGRADE POWERTECH

Abstract
Isolated power systems with high shares of renewables can require additional inertia as a complementary resource to assure the system operation in a dynamic safe region. This paper presents a methodology for the day-ahead Unit Commitment/ Economic Dispatch (UC/ED) for low-inertia power systems including dynamic security constraints for key frequency indicators computed by an Artificial Neural-Network (ANN)-supported Dynamic Security Assessment (DSA) tool. The ANN-supported DSA tool infers the system dynamic performance with respect to key frequency indicators following critical disturbances and computes the additional synchronous inertia that brings the system back to its dynamic security region, by dispatching Synchronous Condensers (SC) if required. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the methodology proposed by enabling the system operation within safe frequency margins for a set of high relevance fault type contingencies while minimizing the additional costs associated with the SC operation.

2023

Modeling demand flexibility impact on the long-term adequacy of generation systems

Autores
Alves, IM; Carvalho, LM; Lopes, JAP;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS

Abstract
This paper proposes a novel probabilistic model for quantifying the impact of demand flexibility (DF) on the long-term generation system adequacy via Sequential Monte Carlo Simulation (SMCS) method. Unlike load shedding, DF can be considered an important instrument to postpone bulk consumption from periods with limited reserves to periods with more generating capacity available, avoiding load shedding and increasing the integration of variable renewable generation, such as wind power. DF has been widely studied in terms of its contribution to the system's social welfare, resulting in numerous innovative approaches ranging from the flexibility modeling of individual electric loads to the definition of aggregation strategies for optimally deploying this lever in competitive markets. To add to the current state-of-the-art, a new model is proposed to quantify DF impact on the traditional reliability indices, such as the Loss of Load Expectation (LOLE) and the Expected Energy Not Supplied (EENS), enabling a new perspective for the DF value. Given the diverse mechanisms associated with DF of different consumer types, the model considers the uncertainties associated with the demand flexibility available in each hour of the year and with the rebound effect, i.e., the subsequent change of consumption patterns following a DF mobilization event. Case studies based on a configuration of the IEEE-RTS 79 test system with wind power demonstrate that the DF can substantially improve the reliability indices of the static and operational reserve while decreasing the curtailment of variable generation cause by unit scheduling priorities or by short-term generation/demand imbalances.

2022

Multi-objective identification of critical distribution network assets in large interruption datasets

Autores
Marcelino, CG; Torres, V; Carvalho, L; Matos, M; Miranda, V;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS

Abstract
Performance indicators, such as the SAIFI and the SAIDI, are commonly used by regulatory agencies to evaluate the performance of distribution companies (DisCos). Based on such indicators, it is common practice to apply penalties or grant rewards if the indicators are greater to or less than a given threshold. This work proposes a new multi-objective optimization model for pinpointing the critical assets involved in outage events based on past performance indicators, such as the SAIDI and the System Average Interruption Duration Exceeding Threshold (SAIDET) indexes. Our approach allows to retrieve the minimal set of assets in large historical interruption datasets that most contribute to past performance indicators. A case study using a real interruption dataset between the years 2011-2104 from a Brazilian DisCo revealed that the optimal inspection plan according to the decision maker preferences consist of 332 equipment out of a total of 5873. This subset of equipment, which contribute 61.90% and 55.76% to the observed SAIFI and SAIDET indexes in that period, can assist managerial decisions for preventive maintenance actions by prioritizing technical inspections to assets deemed as critical.

Teses
supervisionadas

2019

Producing Decisions and Explanations: A Joint Approach Towards Explainable CNNs

Autor
Isabel Cristina Rio-Torto de Oliveira

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2017

Integrated verification of cryptographic security proofs and implementations

Autor
Vitor Manuel Parreira Pereira

Instituição
UP-FCUP

2015

Filling the Gap: Matching Consumer's Needs with Technological Evolution - A Systematic Literature Review

Autor
Hélder Emanuel Silva Magalhães

Instituição
UP-FEP

2015

Impacto do Erro da Previsão Eólica nas Necessidades a Longo-Prazo de Reserva Operacional

Autor
João Teixeira

Instituição
UP-FEUP