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Detalhes

Detalhes

  • Nome

    Bruno Miguel Veloso
  • Cargo

    Investigador Sénior
  • Desde

    01 março 2013
002
Publicações

2024

SWINN: Efficient nearest neighbor search in sliding windows using graphs

Autores
Mastelini, SM; Veloso, B; Halford, M; de Carvalho, ACPDF; Gama, J;

Publicação
INFORMATION FUSION

Abstract
Nearest neighbor search (NNS) is one of the main concerns in data stream applications since similarity queries can be used in multiple scenarios. Online NNS is usually performed on a sliding window by lazily scanning every element currently stored in the window. This paper proposes Sliding Window-based Incremental Nearest Neighbors (SWINN), a graph-based online search index algorithm for speeding up NNS in potentially never-ending and dynamic data stream tasks. Our proposal broadens the application of online NNS-based solutions, as even moderately large data buffers become impractical to handle when a naive NNS strategy is selected. SWINN enables efficient handling of large data buffers by using an incremental strategy to build and update a search graph supporting any distance metric. Vertices can be added and removed from the search graph. To keep the graph reliable for search queries, lightweight graph maintenance routines are run. According to experimental results, SWINN is significantly faster than performing a naive complete scan of the data buffer while keeping competitive search recall values. We also apply SWINN to online classification and regression tasks and show that our proposal is effective against popular online machine learning algorithms.

2024

SWINN: Efficient nearest neighbor search in sliding windows using graphs

Autores
Mastelini, SM; Veloso, B; Halford, M; de Carvalho, ACPdLF; Gama, J;

Publicação
Inf. Fusion

Abstract

2023

Online Anomaly Explanation: A Case Study on Predictive Maintenance

Autores
Ribeiro, RP; Mastelini, SM; Davari, N; Aminian, E; Veloso, B; Gama, J;

Publicação
MACHINE LEARNING AND PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY IN DATABASES, ECML PKDD 2022, PT II

Abstract
Predictive Maintenance applications are increasingly complex, with interactions between many components. Black-box models are popular approaches due to their predictive accuracy and are based on deep-learning techniques. This paper presents an architecture that uses an online rule learning algorithm to explain when the black-box model predicts rare events. The system can present global explanations that model the black-box model and local explanations that describe why the black-box model predicts a failure. We evaluate the proposed system using four real-world public transport data sets, presenting illustrative examples of explanations.

2023

An Online Data-Driven Predictive Maintenance Approach for Railway Switches

Autores
Tome, ES; Ribeiro, RP; Veloso, B; Gama, J;

Publicação
MACHINE LEARNING AND PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY IN DATABASES, ECML PKDD 2022, PT II

Abstract
An online data-driven predictive maintenance approach for railway switches using data logs obtained from the interlocking system of the railway infrastructure is proposed in this paper. The proposed approach is detailed described and consists of a two-phase process: anomaly detection and remaining useful life prediction. The approach is applied to and validated in a real case study, the Metro do Porto, from which seven months of data is available. The approach has been revealed to be satisfactory in detecting anomalies. The results open the possibilities for further studies and validation with a more extensive dataset on the remaining useful life prediction.

2023

Ethical and Technological AI Risks Classification: A Human Vs Machine Approach

Autores
Teixeira, S; Veloso, B; Rodrigues, JC; Gama, J;

Publicação
MACHINE LEARNING AND PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY IN DATABASES, ECML PKDD 2022, PT I

Abstract
The growing use of data-driven decision systems based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) by governments, companies and social organizations has given more attention to the challenges they pose to society. Over the last few years, news about discrimination appeared on social media, and privacy, among others, highlighted their vulnerabilities. Despite all the research around these issues, the definition of concepts inherent to the risks and/or vulnerabilities of data-driven decision systems is not consensual. Categorizing the dangers and vulnerabilities of data-driven decision systems will facilitate ethics by design, ethics in design and ethics for designers to contribute to responsibleAI. Themain goal of thiswork is to understand which types of AI risks/ vulnerabilities are Ethical and/or Technological and the differences between human vs machine classification. We analyze two types of problems: (i) the risks/ vulnerabilities classification task by humans; and (ii) the risks/vulnerabilities classification task by machines. To carry out the analysis, we applied a survey to perform human classification and the BERT algorithm in machine classification. The results show that even with different levels of detail, the classification of vulnerabilities is in agreement in most cases.