O website necessita de alguns cookies e outros recursos semelhantes para funcionar. Caso o permita, o INESC TEC irá utilizar cookies para recolher dados sobre as suas visitas, contribuindo, assim, para estatísticas agregadas que permitem melhorar o nosso serviço. Ver mais
Aceitar Rejeitar
  • Menu
de interesse


  • Nome

    António Sá Pinto
  • Cargo

    Investigador Colaborador Externo
  • Desde

    01 outubro 2016


User-Driven Fine-Tuning for Beat Tracking

Pinto, AS; Bock, S; Cardoso, JS; Davies, MEP;


The extraction of the beat from musical audio signals represents a foundational task in the field of music information retrieval. While great advances in performance have been achieved due the use of deep neural networks, significant shortcomings still remain. In particular, performance is generally much lower on musical content that differs from that which is contained in existing annotated datasets used for neural network training, as well as in the presence of challenging musical conditions such as rubato. In this paper, we positioned our approach to beat tracking from a real-world perspective where an end-user targets very high accuracy on specific music pieces and for which the current state of the art is not effective. To this end, we explored the use of targeted fine-tuning of a state-of-the-art deep neural network based on a very limited temporal region of annotated beat locations. We demonstrated the success of our approach via improved performance across existing annotated datasets and a new annotation-correction approach for evaluation. Furthermore, we highlighted the ability of content-specific fine-tuning to learn both what is and what is not the beat in challenging musical conditions.


Tapping Along to the Difficult Ones: Leveraging User-Input for Beat Tracking in Highly Expressive Musical Content

Pinto, AS; Davies, MEP;

Perception, Representations, Image, Sound, Music - 14th International Symposium, CMMR 2019, Marseille, France, October 14-18, 2019, Revised Selected Papers

We explore the task of computational beat tracking for musical audio signals from the perspective of putting an end-user directly in the processing loop. Unlike existing “semi-automatic” approaches for beat tracking, where users may select from among several possible outputs to determine the one that best suits their aims, in our approach we examine how high-level user input could guide the manner in which the analysis is performed. More specifically, we focus on the perceptual difficulty of tapping the beat, which has previously been associated with the musical properties of expressive timing and slow tempo. Since musical examples with these properties have been shown to be poorly addressed even by state of the art approaches to beat tracking, we re-parameterise an existing deep learning based approach to enable it to more reliably track highly expressive music. In a small-scale listening experiment we highlight two principal trends: i) that users are able to consistently disambiguate musical examples which are easy to tap to and those which are not; and in turn ii) that users preferred the beat tracking output of an expressive-parameterised system to the default parameterisation for highly expressive musical excerpts. © 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.