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Publicações

Publicações por CRAS

2021

Crowdsourced Data Stream Mining for Tourism Recommendation

Autores
Leal, F; Veloso, B; Malheiro, B; Burguillo, JC;

Publicação
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing - Trends and Applications in Information Systems and Technologies

Abstract

2021

Elderly Monitoring – An EPS@ISEP 2020 Project

Autores
Priebe, J; Swiatek, K; Vidinha, M; Vaduva, MR; Tiits, M; Sorescu, TG; Malheiro, B; Ribeiro, C; Justo, J; Silva, MF; Ferreira, P; Guedes, P;

Publicação
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing - Trends and Applications in Information Systems and Technologies

Abstract

2021

Deep learning point cloud odometry: Existing approaches and open challenges

Autores
Teixeira, B; Silva, H;

Publicação
U.Porto Journal of Engineering

Abstract
Achieving persistent and reliable autonomy for mobile robots in challenging field mission scenarios is a long-time quest for the Robotics research community. Deep learning-based LIDAR odometry is attracting increasing research interest as a technological solution for the robot navigation problem and showing great potential for the task. In this work, an examination of the benefits of leveraging learning-based encoding representations of real-world data is provided. In addition, a broad perspective of emergent Deep Learning robust techniques to track motion and estimate scene structure for real-world applications is the focus of a deeper analysis and comprehensive comparison. Furthermore, existing Deep Learning approaches and techniques for point cloud odometry tasks are explored, and the main technological solutions are compared and discussed. Open challenges are also laid out for the reader, hopefully offering guidance to future researchers in their quest to apply deep learning to complex 3D non-matrix data to tackle localization and robot navigation problems.

2021

Hyperparameter self-tuning for data streams

Autores
Veloso, B; Gama, J; Malheiro, B; Vinagre, J;

Publicação
Information Fusion

Abstract

2021

Emergency Landing Spot Detection Algorithm for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Autores
Loureiro, G; Dias, A; Martins, A; Almeida, J;

Publicação
Remote Sensing

Abstract
The use and research of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) have been increasing over the years due to the applicability in several operations such as search and rescue, delivery, surveillance, and others. Considering the increased presence of these vehicles in the airspace, it becomes necessary to reflect on the safety issues or failures that the UAVs may have and the appropriate action. Moreover, in many missions, the vehicle will not return to its original location. If it fails to arrive at the landing spot, it needs to have the onboard capability to estimate the best area to safely land. This paper addresses the scenario of detecting a safe landing spot during operation. The algorithm classifies the incoming Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data and store the location of suitable areas. The developed method analyses geometric features on point cloud data and detects potential right spots. The algorithm uses the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to find planes in point cloud clusters. The areas that have a slope less than a threshold are considered potential landing spots. These spots are evaluated regarding ground and vehicle conditions such as the distance to the UAV, the presence of obstacles, the area’s roughness, and the spot’s slope. Finally, the output of the algorithm is the optimum spot to land and can vary during operation. The proposed approach evaluates the algorithm in simulated scenarios and an experimental dataset presenting suitability to be applied in real-time operations.

2021

Evaluation of Bags of Binary Words for Place Recognition in Challenging Scenarios

Autores
Gaspar, AR; Nunes, A; Matos, A;

Publicação
2021 IEEE International Conference on Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions, ICARSC 2021

Abstract
To perform autonomous tasks, robots in real-world environments must be able to navigate in dynamic and unknown spaces. To do so, they must recognize previously seen places to compensate for accumulated positional deviations. This task requires effective identification of recovered landmarks to produce a consistent map, and the use of binary descriptors is increasing, especially because of their compact representation. The visual Bag-of-Words (BoW) algorithm is one of the most commonly used techniques to perform appearance-based loop closure detection quickly and robustly. Therefore, this paper presents a behavioral evaluation of a conventional BoW scheme based on Oriented FAST and Rotated BRIEF (ORB) features for image similarity detection in challenging scenarios. For each scenario, full-indexing vocabularies are created to model the operating environment and evaluate the performance for recognizing previously seen places similar to online approaches. Experiments were conducted on multiple public datasets containing scene changes, perceptual aliasing conditions, or dynamic elements. The Bag of Binary Words technique shows a good balance to deal with such severe conditions at a low computational cost. © 2021 IEEE.

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