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Publicações

Publicações por Artur Rocha

2013

Innovations in health care services: The CAALYX system

Autores
Rocha, A; Martins, A; Freire Junior, JC; Boulos, MNK; Escriche Vicente, ME; Feld, R; van de Ven, P; Nelson, J; Bourke, A; OLaighin, G; Sdogati, C; Jobes, A; Narvaiza, L; Rodriguez Molinero, A;

Publicação
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL INFORMATICS

Abstract
Purpose: This paper describes proposed health care services innovations, provided by a system called CAALYX (Complete Ambient Assisted Living eXperiment). CAALYX aimed to provide healthcare innovation by extending the state-of-the-art in tele-healthcare, by focusing on increasing the confidence of elderly people living autonomously, by building on the knowledge base of the most common disorders and respective characteristic vital sign changes for this age group. Methods: A review of the state-of-the-art on health care services was carried out. Then, extensive research was conducted on the particular needs of the elderly in relation to home health services that, if offered to them, could improve their day life by giving them greater confidence and autonomy. To achieve this, we addressed issues associated with the gathering of clinical data and interpretation of these data, as well as possibilities of automatically triggering appropriate clinical measures. Considering this initial work we started the identification of initiatives, ongoing works and technologies that could be used for the development of the system. After that, the implementation of CAALYX was done. Findings: The innovation in CAALYX system considers three main areas of contribution: (i) The Roaming Monitoring System that is used to collect information on the well-being of the elderly users; (ii) The Home Monitoring System that is aimed at helping the elders independently living at home being implemented by a device (a personal computer or a set top box) that supports the connection of sensors and video cameras that may be used for monitoring and for interaction with the elder; (iii) The Central Care Service and Monitoring System that is implemented by a Caretaker System where attention and care services are provided to elders, where actors as Caretakers, Doctors and Relatives are logically linked to elders. Innovations in each of these areas are presented here. Conclusions: The ageing European society is placing an added burden on future generations, as the 'elderly-to-working-age-people' ratio is set to steadily increase in the future. Nowadays, quality of life and fitness allows for most older persons to have an active life well into their eighties. Furthermore, many older persons prefer to live in their own house and choose their own lifestyle. The CAALYX system can have a clear impact in increasing older persons' autonomy, by ensuring that they do not need to leave their preferred environment in order to be properly monitored and taken care of.

2017

Screening and evaluation platform for depression and suicidality in primary healthcare

Autores
Cassola, F; Costa, A; Henriques, R; Rocha, A; Sousa, M; Gomes, P; Ferreira, T; Cunha, C; Salgado, J;

Publicação
ICT4AWE 2017 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Ageing Well and e-Health

Abstract
This work presents a screening and evaluation platform for depression and suicidality that has been tested in the scope of primary healthcare. The main objective is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of screening processes. A web-based, decision support platform was provided for qualified healthcare professionals. The platform provides several assessment tools for patient evaluation and monitoring of their treatment, along with follow up appointment management. A preliminary evaluation process was carried out to understand the health professional's satisfaction. This revealed there was general satisfaction with its integrated functions and all the provided methods of assessment. In conclusion, the project sustains the goal of improving the treatment outcomes for clinical depression by refining the screening methods and consequently increase the screening effectiveness and efficiency.

2017

Enriching Mental Health Mobile Assessment and Intervention with Situation Awareness

Autores
Teles, AS; Rocha, A; da Silva e Silva, FJDE; Lopes, JC; O'Sullivan, D; Van de Ven, P; Endler, M;

Publicação
SENSORS

Abstract
Current mobile devices allow the execution of sophisticated applications with the capacity for identifying the user situation, which can be helpful in treatments of mental disorders. In this paper, we present SituMan, a solution that provides situation awareness to MoodBuster, an ecological momentary assessment and intervention mobile application used to request self-assessments from patients in depression treatments. SituMan has a fuzzy inference engine to identify patient situations using context data gathered from the sensors embedded in mobile devices. Situations are specified jointly by the patient and mental health professional, and they can represent the patient's daily routine (e.g., "studying", "at work", "working out"). MoodBuster requests mental status self-assessments from patients at adequate moments using situation awareness. In addition, SituMan saves and displays patient situations in a summary, delivering them for consultation by mental health professionals. A first experimental evaluation was performed to assess the user satisfaction with the approaches to define and identify situations. This experiment showed that SituMan was well evaluated in both criteria. A second experiment was performed to assess the accuracy of the fuzzy engine to infer situations. Results from the second experiment showed that the fuzzy inference engine has a good accuracy to identify situations.

2016

Efficient Delivery of Forecasts to a Nautical Sports Mobile Application with Semantic Data Services

Autores
Amorim, RC; Rocha, A; Oliveira, MA; Ribeiro, C;

Publicação
Proceedings of the Ninth International C* Conference on Computer Science & Software Engineering, C3S2E '16, Porto, Portugal, July 20-22, 2016

Abstract
Weather and sea-related forecasts provide crucial insights for the practice of nautical sports such as surf and kite surf, and mobile devices are appropriate interfaces for the visualization of meteorology and operational oceanography data. Data are collected and processed by several agencies and are often obtained from forecast models. Their use requires adaptation and refinement prior to visualisation. We describe a set of semantic data services using standard common vocabularies and interoperable interfaces following the recommendations of the INSPIRE directive. NautiCast, a mobile application for forecast delivery illustrates the adaptation of data at two levels: 1) semantic, with the integration of data from different sources via standard vocabularies, and 2) syntactic, with the manipulation of the spacial and temporal resolution of data to get effective mobile communication. Copyright 2016 ACM.

2016

Towards Situation-aware Mobile Applications in Mental Health

Autores
Teles, AS; Silva, FJ; Rocha, A; Lopes, JC; O'Sullivan, D; Van de Ven, P; Endler, M;

Publicação
2016 IEEE 29TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTER-BASED MEDICAL SYSTEMS (CBMS)

Abstract
This work describes SituMan (Situation Manager), a mobile system that makes use of the sensors commonly included in most mobile platforms and a fuzzy inference engine to attempt to infer user context and environment. Such "situation" information, has been used to enhance the behaviour of MoodBuster, another mobile application used in the scope of the mental health domain to collect Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMA). EMA has been used in psychotherapy to minimize the effects of recall bias in the assessment of patient mood, as well as in the recollection of other experiences and behaviours. SituMan can enhance the user experience in the scope of EMA by prompting users in the desired situation, instead of at random or fixed-times, thus reducing obtrusiveness. It can also provide new insight to mental health professionals by summarizing the situations experienced by the patient, further allowing correlation of situation information with patient mood within the same time frame.

2014

Improvements to Efficient Retrieval of Very Large Temporal Datasets with the TravelLight Method

Autores
de Carvalho, AV; Oliveira, MA; Rocha, A;

Publicação
PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2014 9TH IBERIAN CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (CISTI 2014)

Abstract
A considerable number of domains deal with large and complex volumes of temporal data. The management of these volumes, from capture, storage, search, transfer, analysis and visualization, still provides interesting challenges. One critical task is the efficient retrieval of data (raw data or intermediate results from analytic tools). Previous work proposed the TravelLight method which reduced the turnaround time and improved interactive retrieval of data from large temporal datasets by exploring the temporal consistency of records in a database. In this work we propose improvements to the method by adopting a new paradigm focused in the management of time intervals instead of solely in data items. A major advantage of this paradigm shift is to enable the separation of the method implementation from any particular temporal data source, as it is autonomous and efficient in the management of retrieved data. Our work demonstrates that the overheads introduced by the new paradigm are smaller than prior overall overheads, further reducing the turnaround time. Reported results concern experiments with a temporally linear navigation across two datasets of one million items. With the obtained results it is possible to conclude that the improvements presented in this work further reduce turnaround time thus enhancing the response of interactive tasks over very large temporal datasets.

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