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Publicações

Publicações por Andry Maykol Pinto

2015

A Localization Method Based on Map-Matching and Particle Swarm Optimization

Autores
Pinto, AM; Moreira, AP; Costa, PG;

Publicação
JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & ROBOTIC SYSTEMS

Abstract
This paper presents a novel localization method for small mobile robots. The proposed technique is especially designed for the Robot@Factory, a new robotic competition which is started in Lisbon in 2011. The real-time localization technique resorts to low-cost infra-red sensors, a map-matching method and an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) to create a pose tracking system that performs well. The sensor information is continuously updated in time and space according to the expected motion of the robot. Then, the information is incorporated into the map-matching optimization in order to increase the amount of sensor information that is available at each moment. In addition, the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) relocates the robot when the map-matching error is high, meaning that the map-matching is unreliable and the robot gets lost. The experiments presented in this paper prove the ability and accuracy of the presented technique to locate small mobile robots for this competition. Extensive results show that the proposed method presents an interesting localization capability for robots equipped with a limited amount of sensors, but also less reliable sensors.

2016

Assessment of Robotic Picking Operations Using a 6 Axis Force/Torque Sensor

Autores
Moreira, E; Rocha, LF; Pinto, AM; Moreira, AP; Veiga, G;

Publicação
IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters

Abstract
This letter presents a novel architecture for evaluating the success of picking operations that are executed by industrial robots. It is formed by a cascade of machine learning algorithms (kNN and SVM) and uses information obtained by a 6 axis force/torque sensor and, if available, information from the built-in sensors of the robotic gripper. Beyond measuring the success or failure of the entire operation, this architecture makes it possible to detect in real-time when an object is slipping during the picking. Therefore, force and torque signatures are collected during the picking movement of the robot, which is decomposed into five different stages that allows to characterize distinct levels of success over time. Several trials were performed using an industrial robot with two different grippers for picking a long and flexible object. The experiments demonstrate the reliability of the proposed approach under different picking scenarios since, it obtained a testing performance (in terms of accuracy) up to 99.5% of successful identification of the result of the picking operations, considering an universe of 400 attempts. © 2016 IEEE.

2015

Cable Robot for Non-Standard Architecture and Construction: a Dynamic Positioning System

Autores
Moreira, E; Pinto, AM; Costa, P; Paulo Moreira, AP; Veiga, G; Lima, J; Sousa, JP; Costa, P;

Publicação
2015 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY (ICIT)

Abstract
In the past few years, cable-driven robots have received some attention by the scientific community and the industry. They have special characteristics that made them very reliable to operate with the level of safeness that is required by different environments, such as, handling of hazardous materials in construction sites. This paper presents a cable-driven robot called SPIDERobot, that was developed for automated construction of architectural projects. This robot has a rotating claw and it is controlled by a set of 4 cables that allow 4 degrees of freedom. In addition to the robot, this paper introduces a Dynamic Control System (DCS) that controls the positioning of the robot and assures that the length of cables is always within a safe value. Results show that traditional force-feasible approaches are more influenced by the pulling forces or the geometric arrangement of all cables and their positioning is significantly less accurate than the DCS. Therefore, the architecture of the SPIDERobot is designed to enable an easily scaling up of the solution to higher dimensions for operating in realistic environments.

2015

Detecting Motion Patterns in Dense Flow Fields: Euclidean Versus Polar Space

Autores
Pinto, A; Costa, P; Moreira, AP;

Publicação
PROGRESS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Abstract
This research studies motion segmentation based on dense optical flow fields for mobile robotic applications. The optical flow is usually represented in the Euclidean space however, finding the most suitable motion space is a relevant problem because techniques for motion analysis have distinct performances. Factors like the processing-time and the quality of the segmentation provide a quantitative evaluation of the clustering process. Therefore, this paper defines a methodology that evaluates and compares the advantage of clustering dense flow fields using different feature spaces, for instance, Euclidean and Polar space. The methodology resorts to conventional clustering techniques, Expectation-Maximization and K-means, as baseline methods. The experiments conducted during this paper proved that the K-means clustering is suitable for analyzing dense flow fields.

2015

Evaluation of Depth Sensors for Robotic Applications

Autores
Pinto, AM; Costa, P; Moreira, AP; Rocha, LF; Moreira, E; Veiga, G;

Publicação
2015 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC)

Abstract
The sensors that acquire 3D data play an important role in many applications. In addition, they have been used in the robotic field for several purposes, for instance, enhancing the navigation of mobile robots, object detection, scene reconstruction, 3D inspection of parts and others. Moreover, a significant amount of devices with distinct cost, accuracy and features have been released in the recent years which increases the difficulty of comparing each sensor in a proper manner or choosing the most suitable device for a specific task and operation field. This paper compares the Kinect v1, Kinect v2, Structure Sensor and Mesa Imaging SR4000. The noise of each sensor is characterized for different distances and considering objects with different colors. Therefore, this paper proposes a simple but quantitative benchmark for evaluating 3D devices that characterizes the most relevant features for the robotic field and in accordance with different type of operations.

2015

Introduction to Visual Motion Analysis for Mobile Robots

Autores
Pinto, AM; Costa, PG; Moreira, AP;

Publicação
CONTROLO'2014 - PROCEEDINGS OF THE 11TH PORTUGUESE CONFERENCE ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL

Abstract
Human being has an extraordinary capability for motion perception due to its remarkable visual sensing system that makes it possible to perceive, distinguish and characterize the different moving elements of the environment. Thus, it extracts information through sensory experience and conducts reliable judgments based on intrinsic motion features, namely, location, direction, trajectory, magnitude, colors, boundary and shape. Unfortunately, the same cannot be said for mobile robots. The critical nature of visual perception for these kinds of systems turns motion detection and analysis as one of the most relevant areas discussed on the literature, existing several models and methods to perform motion analysis in a variety of environments. This paper discusses motion analysis for mobile robots. A brief description about the complexity of motion perception based on moving observations and for surveillance applications is presented. In addition, the most often encountered approaches and future orientations are also discussed.

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