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Sobre

Sobre

Licenciado e Mestre em Engenharia Agronómica, com forte ênfase na internacionalização, tendo realizado parte da formação na renomada Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - Campus de Botucatu - Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas, Brasil, e também tendo realizado um programa de mobilidade de 18 meses na prestigiada The University of Adelaide, Austrália onde foi homenageado com “Joanne Kanas Memorial Medal”. Realizou a sua dissertação de mestrado na Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto (FCUP) no âmbito da modelação da cultura da vinha onde aplicou dados de deteção remota e ferramentas de machine learning a qual obteve a classificação de 20/20. Participou nos projetos “WineSpectra” e "VineSpec" de transferência de tecnologia entre a FCUP e empresas do sector vitivinícola o qual teve como objetivo a modelação da condição hídrica da videira na região do Douro com base em técnicas de deteção remota. Atualmente é aluno de Doutoramento em Ciências Agrárias, detentor de uma bolsa da FCT (SFRH/BD/145182/2019) cujo tema envolve aplicação de biologia de sistemas no contexto de agricultura de precisão. Durante o início de seu doutoramento, foi selecionado para participar do concorrido “9th Advanced Training Course on Land Remote Sensing: Agriculture” promovido pela European Space Agency (ESA) sediado na renomeada Université catholique de Louvain, em Louvain-la-Neuve, Bélgica, durante o período de 16 a 20 de setembro de 2019. Está envolvido nos projetos “Metbots” e “SpecTOM”, os quais desenvolve parte dos seus trabalhos de Doutoramento. É também Assistente Convidado da FCUP, onde leciona a cadeira Aplicações à Agricultura, do Mestrado em Deteção Remota, e também cadeiras de agricultura, das Licenciaturas em Engenharia Agronómica e Arquitectura Paisagística. Desenvolveu conhecimento sobre o processo de investigação (planeamento, implementação e comunicação de resultados) quer em contexto académico quer empresarial.

Tópicos
de interesse
Detalhes

Detalhes

001
Publicações

2022

Canopy VIS-NIR spectroscopy and self-learning artificial intelligence for a generalised model of predawn leaf water potential in Vitis vinifera

Autores
Tosin, R; Martins, R; Pocas, I; Cunha, M;

Publicação
BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING

Abstract
This paper focuses on predicting predawn leaf water potential through a self-learning artificial intelligence (SL-AI) algorithm, a novel spectral processing algorithm that is based on the search for covariance modes, providing a direct relationship between spectral information and plant constituents. The SL-AI algorithm was applied in a dataset containing 847 observations obtained with a handheld hyperspectral spectroradiometer (400–1010 nm), structured as: three grapevine cultivars (Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca and Tinta Barroca), collected in three years (2014, 2015 and 2017), in two test sites in the renowned Douro Wine Region, northeast of Portugal. The ?pd SL-AI quantification was tested both in regressive (R2 = 0.97, MAPE = 18.30%) and classification (three classes; overall accuracy = 86.27%) approaches, where the radiation absorption spectrum zones of the chlorophylls, xanthophyll and water were identified along the vegetative growth cycle. The dataset was also tested with Artificial Neural Networks with Principal Component Analysis (ANN-PCA) and Partial Least Square (PLS), which presented worse performance when compared to SL-AI in the regressive (ANN-PCA - R2 = 0.85, MAPE = 43.64%; PLS - R2 = 0.94, MAPE = 28.76%) and classification (ANN-PCA - overall accuracy: 72.37%; PLS - overall accuracy: 73.79%) approaches. The ?pd modelled with SL-AI demonstrated, through hyperspectral reflectance, a cause-effect of the grapevine's hydric status with the absorbance of bands related to chlorophyll, xanthophylls and water. This cause-effect interaction could be explored to identify cultivars and cultural practices, hydric, heating and lighting stresses. © 2022 IAgrE

2022

Kiwi Plant Canker Diagnosis Using Hyperspectral Signal Processing and Machine Learning: Detecting Symptoms Caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae

Autores
Reis Pereira, M; Tosin, R; Martins, R; dos Santos, FN; Tavares, F; Cunha, M;

Publicação
PLANTS-BASEL

Abstract
Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) has been responsible for numerous epidemics of bacterial canker of kiwi (BCK), resulting in high losses in kiwi production worldwide. Current diagnostic approaches for this disease usually depend on visible signs of the infection (disease symptoms) to be present. Since these symptoms frequently manifest themselves in the middle to late stages of the infection process, the effectiveness of phytosanitary measures can be compromised. Hyperspectral spectroscopy has the potential to be an effective, non-invasive, rapid, cost-effective, high-throughput approach for improving BCK diagnostics. This study aimed to investigate the potential of hyperspectral UV-VIS reflectance for in-situ, non-destructive discrimination of bacterial canker on kiwi leaves. Spectral reflectance (325-1075 nm) of twenty plants were obtained with a handheld spectroradiometer in two commercial kiwi orchards located in Portugal, for 15 weeks, totaling 504 spectral measurements. Several modeling approaches based on continuous hyperspectral data or specific wavelengths, chosen by different feature selection algorithms, were tested to discriminate BCK on leaves. Spectral separability of asymptomatic and symptomatic leaves was observed in all multi-variate and machine learning models, including the FDA, GLM, PLS, and SVM methods. The combination of a stepwise forward variable selection approach using a support vector machine algorithm with a radial kernel and class weights was selected as the final model. Its overall accuracy was 85%, with a 0.70 kappa score and 0.84 F-measure. These results were coherent with leaves classified as asymptomatic or symptomatic by visual inspection. Overall, the findings herein reported support the implementation of spectral point measurements acquired in situ for crop disease diagnosis.

2021

Assessing predawn leaf water potential based on hyperspectral data and pigment’s concentration of Vitis vinifera L. in the Douro Wine Region

Autores
Tosin, R; Pocas, I; Novo, H; Teixeira, J; Fontes, N; Graca, A; Cunha, M;

Publicação
SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE

Abstract

2020

Toward a generalized predictive model of grapevine water status in Douro region from hyperspectral data

Autores
Pocas, I; Tosin, R; Goncalves, I; Cunha, M;

Publicação
AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY

Abstract
The predawn leaf water potential (?pd) is an eco-physiological indicator widely used for assessing vines water status and thus supporting irrigation management in several wine regions worldwide. However, the ?pd is measured in a short time period before sunrise and the collection of a large sample of points is necessary to adequately represent a vineyard, which constitute operational constraints. In the present study, an alternative method based on hyperspectral data derived from a handheld spectroradiometer and machine learning algorithms was tested and validated for assessing grapevine water status. Two test sites in Douro wine region, integrating three grapevine cultivars, were studied for the years of 2014, 2015, and 2017. Four machine learning regression algorithms were tested for predicting the ?pd as a continuous variable, namely Random Forest (RF), Bagging Trees (BT), Gaussian Process Regression (GPR), and Variational Heteroscedastic Gaussian Process Regression (VH-GPR). Three predicting variables, including two vegetation indices (NRI554,561 and WI900,970) and a time-dynamic variable based on the ?pd (?pd_0), were applied for modelling the response variable (?pd). Additionally, the predicted values of ?pd were aggregated into three classes representing different levels of water deficit (low, moderate, and high) and compared with the corresponding classes of ?pd observed values. A root mean square error (RMSE) and a mean absolute error (MAE) lower or equal than 0.15 MPa and 0.12 MPa, respectively, were obtained with an external validation data set (n = 71 observations) for the various algorithms. When the modelling results were assessed through classes of values, a high overall accuracy was obtained for all the algorithms (82–83%), with prediction accuracy by class ranging between 79% and 100%. These results show a good performance of the predictive models, which considered a large variability of climatic, environmental, and agronomic conditions, and included various grape cultivars. By predicting both continuous values of ?pd and classes of ?pd, the approach presented in this study allowed obtaining 2-levels of accurate information about vines water status, which can be used to feed management decisions of different types of stakeholders. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

2020

Estimation of grapevine predawn leaf water potential based on hyperspectral reflectance data in Douro wine region

Autores
Tosin, R; Pocas, I; Goncalves, I; Cunha, M;

Publicação
VITIS

Abstract
Hyperspectral data collected through a handheld spectroradiometer (400-1010 nm) were tested for assessing the grapevine predawn leaf water potential (psi(pd)) measured by a Scholander chamber in two test sites of Douro wine region. The study was implemented in 2017, being a year with very hot and dry summer, conditions prone to severe water shortage. Three grapevine cultivars, 'Touriga Nacional', 'Touriga Franca' and 'Tinta Barroca' were sampled both in rainfed and irrigated vineyards, with a total of 325 plants assessed in four post-flowering dates. A large set of vegetation indices computed with the hyperspectral data and optimized for the psi(pd) values, as well as structural variables, were used as predictors in the model. From a total of 631 possible predictors, four variables were selected based on a stepwise forward procedure and the Wald statistics: irrigation treatment, test site, Anthocyanin Reflectance Index Optimized (ARI(opt_656,647)) and Normalized Ratio Index (NRI711,700). An ordinal logistic regression model was calibrated using 70 % of the dataset randomly selected and the 30 of the remaining observations where used in model validation. The overall model accuracy obtained with the validation dataset was 73.2 %, with the class of psi(pd) corresponding to the high-water deficit presenting a positive prediction value of 79.3 %. The accuracy and operability of this predictive model indicates good perspectives for its use in the monitoring of grapevine water status, and to support the irrigation tasks.