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Detalhes

Detalhes

018
Publicações

2022

Does the type of seizure influence heart rate variability changes?

Autores
Faria, MT; Rodrigues, S; Campelo, M; Dias, D; Rego, R; Rocha, H; Sa, F; Tavares Silva, M; Pinto, R; Pestana, G; Oliveira, A; Pereira, J; Cunha, JPS; Rocha Goncalves, F; Goncalves, H; Martins, E;

Publicação
EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR

Abstract
Objective: Heart rate variability (HRV), an index of the autonomic cardiac activity, is decreased in patients with epilepsy, and a low HRV is associated with a higher risk of sudden death. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures are one of the most consistent risk factors for SUDEP, but the influence (and relative risk) of each type of seizure on cardiac function is still unknown. Our objective was to assess the impact of the type of seizure (focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure – FBTCS – versus non-FBTCS) on periictal HRV, in a group of patients with refractory epilepsy and both types of seizures. Methods: We performed a 48-hour Holter recording on 121 patients consecutively admitted to our Epilepsy Monitoring Unit. We only included patients with both FBTCS and non-FBTCS on the Holter recording and selected the first seizure of each type to analyze. To evaluate HRV parameters (AVNN, SDNN, RMSSD, pNN20, LF, HF, and LF/HF), we chose 5-min epochs pre- and postictally. Results: We included 14 patients, with a median age of 36 (min–max, 16–55) years and 64% were female. Thirty-six percent had cardiovascular risk factors, but no previously known cardiac disease. In the preictal period, there were no statistically significant differences in HRV parameters, between FBTCS and non-FBTCS. In the postictal period, AVNN, RMSSD, pNN20, LF, and HF were significantly lower, and LF/HF and HR were significantly higher in FBTCS. From preictal to postictal periods, FBTCS elicited a statistically significant rise in HR and LF/HF, and a statistically significant fall in AVNN, RMSSD, pNN20, and HF. Non-FBTCS only caused statistically significant changes in HR (decrease) and AVNN (increase). Significance/conclusion: This work emphasizes the greater effect of FBTCS in autonomic cardiac function in patients with refractory epilepsy, compared to other types of seizures, with a significant reduction in vagal tonus, which may be associated with an increased risk of SUDEP. © 2021 Elsevier Inc.

2022

Gait Characterization and Analysis of Hereditary Amyloidosis Associated with Transthyretin Patients: A Case Series

Autores
Vilas-Boas, MdC; Fonseca, PFP; Sousa, IM; Cardoso, MN; Cunha, JPS; Coelho, T;

Publicação
Journal of Clinical Medicine

Abstract
Hereditary amyloidosis associated with transthyretin (ATTRv), is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by length-dependent symmetric polyneuropathy that has gait impairment as one of its consequences. The gait pattern of V30M ATTRv amyloidosis patients has been described as similar to that of diabetic neuropathy, associated with steppage, but has never been quantitatively characterized. In this study we aim to characterize the gait pattern of patients with V30M ATTRv amyloidosis, thus providing information for a better understanding and potential for supporting diagnosis and disease progression evaluation. We present a case series in which we conducted two gait analyses, 18 months apart, of five V30M ATTRv amyloidosis patients using a 12-camera, marker based, optical system as well as six force platforms. Linear kinematics, ground reaction forces, and angular kinematics results are analyzed for all patients. All patients, except one, showed a delayed toe-off in the second assessment, as well as excessive pelvic rotation, hip extension and external transverse rotation and knee flexion (in stance and swing phases), along with reduced vertical and mediolateral ground reaction forces. The described gait anomalies are not clinically quantified; thus, gait analysis may contribute to the assessment of possible disease progression along with the clinical evaluation.

2022

PDapp: A Companion Mobile Application with Appcessories for Continuous Follow-up of Parkinson’s Disease Patients

Autores
Dias, D; Silva, J; Oliveira, N; Massano, J; Cunha, JPS;

Publicação
2022 IEEE 21ST MEDITERRANEAN ELECTROTECHNICAL CONFERENCE (IEEE MELECON 2022)

Abstract

2022

Estimation of ANT-DBS Electrodes on Target Positioning Based on a New PerceptTM PC LFP Signal Analysis

Autores
Lopes, EM; Rego, R; Rito, M; Chamadoira, C; Dias, D; Cunha, JPS;

Publicação
SENSORS

Abstract
Deep brain stimulation of the Anterior Nucleus of the Thalamus (ANT-DBS) is an effective therapy in epilepsy. Poorer surgical outcomes are related to deviations of the lead from the ANT-target. The target identification relies on the visualization of anatomical structures by medical imaging, which presents some disadvantages. This study aims to research whether ANT-LFPs recorded with the PerceptTM PC neurostimulator can be an asset in the identification of the DBS-target. For this purpose, 17 features were extracted from LFPs recorded from a single patient, who stayed at an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit for a 5-day period. Features were then integrated into two machine learning (ML)-based methodologies, according to different LFP bipolar montages: Pass1 (nonadjacent channels) and Pass2 (adjacent channels). We obtained an accuracy of 76.6% for the Pass1-classifier and 83.33% for the Pass2-classifier in distinguishing locations completely inserted in the target and completely outside. Then, both classifiers were used to predict the target percentage of all combinations, and we found that contacts 3 (left hemisphere) and 2 and 3 (right hemisphere) presented higher signatures of the ANT-target, which agreed with the medical images. This result opens a new window of opportunity for the use of LFPs in the guidance of DBS target identification.

2022

Gait Characterization and Analysis of Hereditary Amyloidosis Associated with Transthyretin Patients: A Case Series

Autores
Vilas-Boas, MD; Fonseca, PFP; Sousa, IM; Cardoso, MN; Cunha, JPS; Coelho, T;

Publicação
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE

Abstract
Hereditary amyloidosis associated with transthyretin (ATTRv), is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by length-dependent symmetric polyneuropathy that has gait impairment as one of its consequences. The gait pattern of V30M ATTRv amyloidosis patients has been described as similar to that of diabetic neuropathy, associated with steppage, but has never been quantitatively characterized. In this study we aim to characterize the gait pattern of patients with V30M ATTRv amyloidosis, thus providing information for a better understanding and potential for supporting diagnosis and disease progression evaluation. We present a case series in which we conducted two gait analyses, 18 months apart, of five V30M ATTRv amyloidosis patients using a 12-camera, marker based, optical system as well as six force platforms. Linear kinematics, ground reaction forces, and angular kinematics results are analyzed for all patients. All patients, except one, showed a delayed toe-off in the second assessment, as well as excessive pelvic rotation, hip extension and external transverse rotation and knee flexion (in stance and swing phases), along with reduced vertical and mediolateral ground reaction forces. The described gait anomalies are not clinically quantified; thus, gait analysis may contribute to the assessment of possible disease progression along with the clinical evaluation.

Teses
supervisionadas

2021

Towards New Neural Correlates of Memory from Deep and Cortex Brain Regions in Deep Brain Stimulation Patients

Autor
Ana Sofia Santos Cardoso

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2021

VitalCoViD Platform: web-based telehealth system for real-time monitoring of CoViD-19 patients at home using wearable health devices.

Autor
Diogo Leal da Silva Mota Pinto

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2021

Biophotonics signal analysis for biomarker discovery in bio-fluids

Autor
Beatriz Isabel Jacinto Barros

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2021

Multimodal Cervical Cancer Diagnosis: Deep Learning for Automatic Decision Support

Autor
Tomé Mendes Albuquerque

Instituição
UP-FEUP

2021

NeuroPercept: Towards a Motor Related Epileptic Seizure Paradigm to Study Novel Closed-loop Neurostimulation Approaches

Autor
Ana Rita de Melo Ferreira Sampaio

Instituição
UP-FEUP